Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 29, 1999
Gene discoveries among top 10 research advances in heart disease and stroke for 1999
Four important gene discoveries lead the list of the top 10 research advances in heart disease and stroke during 1999, says Lynn Smaha, M.D., Ph.D., president of the American Heart Association.

Duke study: Cold needed to preserve livers for transplant also can kill certain cells
A team of Duke University Medical Center researchers has figured out why donated livers can suffer a mysterious injury that damages their ability to perform well once transplanted.

Tobacco still a major problem among U.S. teens and around the globe, according to American Heart Association statistical update
The president of the American Heart Association today called attention to two alarming trends in tobacco use: Smoking is on the increase among U.S. teens and smoking-related deaths around the globe are expected to triple in the coming century.

Most recent natural disasters were not the century's worst, USGS says
Nature has dealt staggering blows to the Earth and its people in 1999.

Gene mutation results in missing teeth
Members of a Houston, Texas family who lack mainly their first and second molars were found to have a mutation in a gene called PAX9.

Eliminating cardiovascular disease would increase U.S. life expectancy by seven years
If all major forms of heart and blood vessel disease were eliminated, U.S. life expectancy would rise by almost seven years and the nation would be more than $300 billion richer, according to the American Heart Association's 2000 Heart and Stroke Statistical Update, an annual report released today.

'Revolutionary' earth observing concept selected for NASA's New Millennium Program
A NASA Langley instrument that uses new technologies to measure elements of Earth's atmosphere and to support space research aimed at reducing risks from severe weather has been selected as the next Earth-observing mission under NASA's New Millennium Program.

Distance between atoms is key to iron protein function
Geometry is destiny in the molecular world where small structural changes can mean big functional differences.

Quake-related casualties double, and more earthquakes, in 1999
The number of major earthquakes for 1999 is currently registering above normal, and quake-related casualties are double the annual average, according to U.S.

Calcium not the only key to bone health in older women
Our understanding of the influence of nutrition on bone health has focused on studies of the role of calcium, but new research published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition points to other minerals and vitamins that may be important in the prevention of osteoporosis.

One in four children exposed to family alcohol abuse or alcoholism
A study in the January 2000 issue of the American Journal of Public Health (Volume 90, Number 1) reports that approximately one in four U.S. children (19 million children or 28.6 percent of children 0-17 years) is exposed at some time before age 18 to familial alcohol dependence (alcoholism), alcohol abuse, or both.

ORNL weigh-in-motion system could increase military mobility
Armed with an automated weigh-in-motion system being developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), U.S. military forces could increase mobility and decrease mistakes when loading vehicles on transport planes and ships.

Is red wine just as heart-healthy without the alcohol?
Red wine's value to cardiovascular health has been ascribed to flavonoids which produce benefits not reported for other alcoholic beverages.
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