Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 02, 2000
Environmental Health Institutes' centers to breed mice with human-like gene variants
To help learn more about how human bodies repair their environment-damaged DNA and control their cells' life cycles, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences will fund up to five research centers to develop and breed mice with genetic variations that are more like humans' in these regards.

UM researchers discover 'key' to blood-brain barrier
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore have identified a receptor in the human brain that regulates the interface between the bloodstream and the brain, which is known as the blood-brain barrier.

UI study looks at cellular mechanism involved in hypertension
A University of Iowa researcher has reported a key finding on a basic cellular mechanism involved in hypertension and how this plays a role in Liddle's syndrome, a rare, genetic form of the disease.

3-D Ultrasound's "true-to-life" images aid in prenatal diagnosis at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
With the advent of three-dimensional ultrasound, clinicians are gaining unparalleled insight into the human body - viewing internal structures and functions with amazing clarity.

Do insurance policies discourage doctors from counseling patients on alcoholism?
Concerns about the legal right of insurance companies to deny patients coverage for injuries due to alcohol use may be discouraging physicians from screening and counseling their patients on the risks of alcoholism, according to a study by physicians at Harborview Medical Center to be published in the January 2000 issue of the Journal of Trauma.

Two major grants to clarify, coordinate research on children's mental health
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded two grants, totaling more than $4 million, to the University of Chicago and the National Opinion Research Center to obtain data that can resolve differences among the several competing systems of diagnostic classification used to describe children's mental health problems.

University of Pittsburgh discovery of HIV 'shedding' patterns and viral site will change direction of research on AIDS vaccines and treatments
University of Pittsburgh researchers have found that HIV secretion in men follows various patterns, all related to different sources in the body.

Schizophrenia research links form and function
Secrets of schizophrenia are yielding to new research models that attempt to link the illness to interrelated abnormalities in both brain structure and neurotransmitter functioning, according to research published in the January American Journal of Psychiatry.

Immediate health care savings if pregnant women quit smoking, says UCSF study
Anti-smoking programs, if effective, would immediately pay for themselves by reducing the number of low birth weight babies and cutting the incidence of heart disease, according to a new study by UC San Francisco researchers.

Pitt team first to illustrate mechanisms of chromosome missegregation in cancer cells
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have provided the first graphic illustration of mechanisms by which chromosomes are distributed unevenly during cancer cell division.

American Psychiatric Association January 2000 tipsheet
A new study from the Department of Psychiatry at the University of New Mexico, directly asked patients with schizophrenia how they felt about ethically important aspects of research with mentally ill patients; half the respondents had themselves been research subjects.

Common enzyme deficiency may jeopardize pregnancies
A hereditary enzyme deficiency increases the incidence of fetal death and birth defects in mice, a discovery that may have implications for the over 400 million people around the world who have the condition, says a University of Toronto study published in the January issue of The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Journal.
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