Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 18, 2000
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons receives $2.4 Million grant from Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (P&S) has been awarded $2.4 million from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

University of New Orleans launches Quest
Is New Orleans the next Atlantis? The environment triumphs in the war against corrosion?

Cocaine goes straight to the heart
The fashion for snorting cocaine may be causing a wave of heart disease among young people.

UNC-CH researchers to comb N.C. mountains for iron problem chiefly affecting Scots, Irish
Low-income people in western North Carolina will be tested over the next two years for hemochromatosis, the most common genetic illness in North America, through a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill public service and research effort.

Road dust: Rural vehicles emit more pollutants than urban ones
So much for fresh country air. An environmental engineer at Washington University in St.

Coronary endarterectomy found to be reliable treatment for advanced artery disease
As the population grows older, cardiologists are seeing more patients with advanced artery disease who are ineligible for bypass operations.

Scientists link gene to uterine dysfunction
Scientists have discovered an unexpected link between uterine dysfunction and a protein abundant in mammals called centromere protein B (CENP-B).

Three Sandia experimental wind turbines spin in Texas panhandle
Three small wind turbines spinning in the Texas Panhandle as part of a series of experiments being conducted by the Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories promise to answer some big questions researchers have long asked about how to harness wind power to generate electricity .

Infection rate from surgery cut in half if more oxygen given during anesthesia
The rate of infection from surgical wounds can be cut in half simply by giving patients more oxygen during and after anesthesia, according to a new study led by a University of California, San Francisco scientist.

Gene therapy shrinks tumors in mice, confirming gene's role in halting cancer
Researchers have for the first time used gene therapy to replace a damaged human retinoblastoma-related anticancer gene with a healthy version and dramatically shrink lung cancer tumors in mice.

Unique channeling device used to relieve severe chest pain and treat heart disease tested at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical center
Fred May, a 67-year old Evansville, Ind. man, is among the first patients in the United States to receive a unique, non- surgical treatment for severe coronary artery heart disease at Rush-Presbyterian-St.

New Orleans ... the new Atlantis?
By the year 2100, the city of New Orleans may be extinct, submerged in water.

Gliding into orbit
Scientists in Illinois have developed new trajectory planning software that will enable orbiting space probes to fly into and out of a planet's atmosphere without burning up.

Of skiers, snowboarders, and other terrorists: Avalanche victims found four times faster with robotic 'swarm' search technique, researcher says
A skier or snowboarder buried under an avalanche can suffocate in half an hour.

Drug blocks opioid side effects: Could improve palliative care
Methylnaltrexone can reverse opioid-induced constipation without interfering with pain relief, is rapidly effective at low doses and has no apparent side effects.

‘Depressed’ preschoolers are tuned in to negative facial expressions, study finds
Depressed teenagers and adults tend to interpret happy facial expressions as neutral and neutral expressions as sad, a phenomenon researchers call negative bias.

Older adults outperform younger ones in mental task, as computer predicted
A new study from Washington University in St. Louis has identified at least one mental task that older adults seem to perform as well, if not better, than their younger counterparts.

First genetic toggle switch engineered at Boston University
The first-ever

Milk found safe from toxic algae
Research by CSIRO in Australia shows that even if dairy cattle drink water polluted by toxic blue-green algae, the toxins do not get into their milk, which remains safe for human consumption.

International panel announces new treatment guidelines for HIV
A 17-member international panel of AIDS/HIV experts has reviewed existing treatment guidelines for people infected with HIV and announced new guidelines, which appear in the January 19, 2000, issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Coupling of brain proteins may prompt new treatments for schizophrenia, addiction
Researchers have discovered a method of signal transduction between two structurally different neurotransmitter receptor systems -- a direct coupling of proteins -- that provides a new therapeutic window on how to restore normal cellular function in diseases like schizophrenia with the right medication to either block this interaction or make it happen.

OHSU scientists seek to advance the study of human disease by taking steps to clone identical monkeys through embryo splitting
Oregon Health Sciences University researchers for the first time have successfully split a monkey embryo resulting in a birth.

Research highlights from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Winter issue of TechNotes -- the quarterly news tipsheet from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to