Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 26, 2000
NASA scientist improves solar predictions
Every 11 years, the Sun generates an increase in solar flares, sunspots and other phenomena.

Increased production of antibiotics in space reported by University of Colorado researchers
Results from a space shuttle experiment flown by the University of Colorado at Boulder in 1998 indicated the production of the cancer-fighting antibiotic, actinomycin D, by microorganisms was 75 percent higher in space than in ground-control experiments.

New Florida bank of injured brain tissues will aid nationwide studies of head injuries
University of Florida Brain Institute researchers today announced plans to open a first-of-its-kind bank of human brain tissue to support studies of traumatic brain injury, which affects someone in the United States every 15 seconds.

Screening mammography found effective in reducing advanced breast cancer in elderly women
Screening mammography can reduce the risk of advanced breast cancer in elderly women, according to a University of California, San Francisco study.

Expanding the use of potent HIV therapies will limit infections and AIDS deaths under most likely scenarios, new model shows
Expanding the use of the most potent anti-retroviral drug therapies would help limit new HIV infections and AIDS deaths among gay men in San Francisco over the next ten years even if drug resistance and dangerous sexual behavior soar, according to a mathematical model developed at UC San Francisco.

Functional MRI will enable non-invasive visualization of brain
Minnesota scientists' findings, based on optical imaging techniques innovated by Weizmann Institute scientists, bridge gap between neurophysiology and psychology by providing detailed insight into sensory perception and higher cognitive functions

Winner of New Hampshire's primary may not be true choice of the people
With five Republican candidates vying to win the Feb. 1 presidential primary, the highly anticipated outcome may not accurately reflect voters' true wishes -- a paradox that can result from elections decided on a simple plurality where one person casts one vote, says Donald Saari, Pancoe Professor of Mathematics at Northwestern University.

Keeping doctors in the dark: Why women don't discuss using alternative treatments for breast cancer
Although recent findings indicate that patients frequently don't tell their medical physicians what kinds of alternative therapies they're using, the reasons for remaining silent have been unclear.

Carnegie Mellon interactive web site big signal allows public to explore Antarctica through a robot's eyes
Big Signal --www.bigsignal.net--an interactive Web site and interface for remote experience, currently featuring a robot searching for meteorites in Antarctica, is now available to the public.

Study: Productivity can be increased even as baby boomers retire
Although the labor force is threatened as the baby boomers retire, productivity still can be increased enough to produce adequate goods and services for society.

Weizmann institute scientists capture first-ever 3D visualization of molecules breaking apart when exposed to x-rays
Findings May Yield Future Measures For Preventing Radiation- induced Health Damages

Satellite instruments reveal evidence the atmosphere has gotten warmer and wetter over the past decade
Frank Wentz, a physicist at Remote Sensing Systems in Santa Rosa, Calif., has confirmed that the atmosphere has gotten warmer and wetter over the last decade.

New mathematical model explains changing patterns in epidemics
A simple, new mathematical model enables scientists to predict epidemics of infectious diseases such as measles.

Eastman gives Clemson University $38 million fiber technology
Eastman Chemical Company announced today that it has given Clemson University a unique fiber technology worth an estimated $38 million in intellectual property and patent rights.

Earthquake shakes New Hampshire
A very minor earthquake, preliminary magnitude 2.9 according to the U.S.

Origin and trade of some of the world's most historic emeralds
Oxygen isotope studies of nine famous emeralds dating from the Roman occupation of France through the 18th century reveal the sources of these gemstones, uncovering lost Asian mines and demonstrating the rapid introduction of New World gems into Old World trade.

Colorado State researcher thinks Groundhog Day is about fatty acids rather than traditional tricks of light and shadow
Greg Florant, Colorado State University professor of biology, takes a slightly different tack on Groundhog Day.

Costs of influenza in children higher than previously thought
A new study of the total disease burden of influenza shows that the rate of hospitalization for infants is simiar to that of the elderly.

Migration can lead to new perceptions of women's work, health, and social status
When Leonora found herself working as a maid in the United States, the familiar line between employer and servant blurred.

Duke geneticists unraveling the tangled web of autism
Less than three years after beginning a search for genes that confer a risk of developing autism, Duke geneticist Margaret Pericak-Vance and her colleagues have found evidence of two defects that may be linked to the complex combination of behaviors called autistic spectrum disorder.

Scientists find that of tons of carbon dioxide get stored in the subtropical oceans
The cold Southern Ocean surrounding Antarctica soaks up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere like a sponge, but scientists have discovered that the greenhouse gas doesn't stay there.
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