Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 01, 2000
Study by UB neurosurgeons finds that cigarette smoking is linked to size of brain aneurysms
Cigarette smoking appears to increase the risk for developing large brain aneurysms in patients who are predisposed to these life-threatening, blood-vessel malformations, a study headed by researchers in the University at Buffalo Department of Neurosurgery has shown.

UMass microbiologist's Nature article contributes to understanding of how cells divide
A University of Massachusetts microbiologist is one of a group of six researchers offering a major step forward in developing a model explaining DNA repair, recombination, and replication, in a report appearing in today's issue of the journal Nature.

Toughened glass may not be all that it's cracked up to be
Toughened glassware, used to minimise the risk of injury in bars, may not be all that it's cracked up to be.

Aging marijuana smokers face sharply higher risk of heart attack soon after using drug
Middle-aged and elderly marijuana users increase their risk of a heart attack by more than four and a half times during the first hour after smoking the drug, according to a study being presented today at the American Heart Assocation's 40th Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention.

UCSD researchers link angiogenesis factor with myocardial ischemia andinfarction
UCSD researchers have linked Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) to heart disease and heart attack in human patients.

Martian meteorites reveal clues to processes in planet's atmosphere
Detailed measurements of sulfur isotopes in five Martian meteorites have enabled researchers at the UCSD to determine that the abundant sulfur on the surface of Mars is due largely to chemical reactions in the Red Planet's atmosphere.

Results of NUVANCE (IL-4 receptor) in Phase I/II study in asthma patients featured at AAAAI Late-Breaker Abstract and Asthma Therapy Sessions
The results of a Phase I/II study of NUVANCEā„¢ (IL-4 receptor) in adult paitents with moderate asthma will be featured at the Late-Breaker Abstract Session at the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology's (AAAAI) 56th Annual Meeting.

NIAID releases The Jordan Report: Accelerated Development of Vaccines
NIAID today released its latest report on the state of vaccine research and development.

Results of ENBREL(R) in phase II clinical trial in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis to be featured at AAAAI late-breaker session
Results of a Phase II clinical trial of ENBREL in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis will be featured at the Late-Breaker Abstract Session at the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology's (AAAAI) 56th Annual Meeting

For the first time in 14 years, astronomers spot two 'shepherd' Uranian moons
Like cosmic sleuths, astronomers from Arizona, Cornell and Wellesley spot two

Estrogen shows potential as stroke treatment, UF animal studies show
A high dose of estrogen administered soon after a stroke can prevent a substantial amount of brain damage in laboratory animals, University of Florida researchers have found.

Proteins that bind to sperm offer clues to male fertility and possible male contraception
The discovery by University of North Carolina scientists of a distinct family of proteins that bind to human sperm may offer important new clues to male fertility and possible male contraception.

An inexpensive food staple can benefit your heart
Keep eating black bean soup or bean burritos. New research being presented today at the American Heart Association's 40th Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention shows the beans and dried peas can help reduce the risk of heart disease.

African 'chewing sticks' work as well as toothbrushes
Chewing Sticks -- used for oral hygiene for thousands of years in the Middle East, Africa and Asia -- clean teeth and prevent plaque as effectively as toothbrushes.

High levels of sexual assault and long term distress among women attending sexual health clinics
The level of sexual assault among women attending sexual health clinics could be more than one in five, reports a study in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Study finds link between mothers' substance abuse and their style of child discipline
Mothers who have alcohol and drug problems tend to be more punitive toward their children than women who do not have substance-abuse problems, according to a study conducted by two University at Buffalo School of Social Work faculty members.

Stroke severity found to be higher in African Americans, but still doesn't explain increased death toll among blacks
The initial brain damage caused by a stroke is more severe in African Americans than Caucasians, however researchers say this doesn't completely explain the higher toll stroke takes on African Americans compared to Caucasians.

Expert calls for common sense, science in national response to medicinal herbs
Because plants have been used to treat illness since before modern humans evolved and will remain popular into the foreseeable future, the nation needs to combine common sense with good science in its response to medicinal herbs.

MCG researchers find clues in process that enables working memory
New clues about how the neurotransmitter, dopamine, stimulates brain cells, enabling a person to literally complete a thought, have been identified by researchers at the Medical College of Georgia.

Home screening kits for common sexually acquired infection
The arrival of home screening kits for one of the most common sexually acquired infections might not be that far off, suggests research in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Many HIV+ urban indigents adhere well to strict anti-AIDS drug therapies; little drug resistance found among those who don't adhere
Most HIV-positive people who are homeless or live in low- income hotels are able to stick to the demanding drug schedules required by combination anti-viral therapy, a preliminary study has found.

Electron beam X-ray may be useful tool for predicting heart attack risk
A noninvasive, high-speed X-ray scan is more accurate than relying on traditional risk factors for determining an individual's risk for heart disease, according to a study presented today at the American Heart Association's 40th Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention.

Study finds that depression after bypass surgery raises risk of future heart problems
A study conducted by researchers at the University of Maryland Medical Center and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons evaluated the impact of depression on women following bypass surgery.

Scientists: herb known as comfrey can ruin liver, other herbs appear helpful
Comfrey, an herb widely available in U.S. health food stores and sometimes used as a laxative or anti-inflammatory medication, can cause severe liver damage and should be banned, according to scientists speaking Thursday (March 2) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Brookhaven Lab collaboration determines the atomic structure of a key enzyme called a 'biological blowtorch'
A team of scientists working at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has determined the atomic structure of a key enzyme: cytochrome P450cam in the bacterium Pseudomonas putida.

UMass exercise scientist studies how age affects upper-body motion and balance
UMass exercise science Professor Richard E.A.Van Emmerik is conducting research into how aging changes upper-body motion and the ability to maintain balance while walking.

Study shows that religion helps people who are clinically depressed
Religion appears to help people with depression, according to the findings of a study on religion, depression, and hopelessness, conducted by Patricia Murphy, PhD, assistant professor, Department of Religion, Health and Human Values at Rush-Presbyterian-St.

Scientists discover key molecule in transmission of AIDS virus
Scientists have discovered a key molecule that the AIDS virus uses to hijack a special type of cell in the body's outermost tissues, providing vital information into how the virus is first transmitted in the body.

Aventis supports White House global vaccine initiative
Aventis has donated 50 million doses of polio vaccine to Africa, and is reaffirming its commitment to the world's largest private AIDS vaccine research program.
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