Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 14, 2000
Earlier detection for breast cancer in sight
Scientists in the Materials Science department at Cranfield University have been looking at ways to improve the diagnosis of breast cancer.

From smoking to sumatriptan, researchers present important new findings on the impacts of drug metabolism
Pharmacologists from across the country and around the world will offer more than 350 presentations during the American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics annual meeting March 15-18 at the Century Plaza Hotel & Tower.

Vaccine study to target bioterrorism threat
Smallpox may be officially eradicated according to the World Health Organization (WHO), but, because of bioterrorism concerns, the Saint Louis University School of Medicine Center for Vaccine Development has begun a study to determine the safety and effectiveness of a smallpox vaccine.

Concorde to blame for missing pigeons?
Concorde may be to blame for putting thousands of racing pigeons off course, say scientists in California.

Carnegie Mellon's National Robotics Engineering Consortium hosts open house to showcase robotic technologies
Carnegie Mellon's National Robotics Engineering Consortium will showcase the growing robotics industry in Western Pa.The NASA-sponsored consortium opened in 1996 with three projects.

Link between suicide and exposure to magnetic fields
Prolonged exposure to low frequency electromagnetic fields may increase the risk of suicide, suggests a study of US electricians in Ocupational and Environmental Medicine.

Eyelids for satellites
Spy satellites could soon be equipped with artificial

Comprehensive heart failure teams reduce health care costs
When a team of specialists cares for patients with congestive heart failure, the costs of treating these patients can be reduced by more than one-third, according to a new cost analysis conducted by Duke University Medical Center.

Divorce and separation double risk of suicide in men
Divorced and separated men are twice as likely to commit suicide as married or partnered men, and more than four times as likely to kill themselves as women,shows research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Researchers develop easy-to-read booklets to explain medications
People who take prescription drugs have a difficult time understanding how to take their medicines safely and effectively.

ENBREL® (etanercept) follow-up study in chronic heart failure presented at American College of Cardiology meeting
Continued treatment with the TNF inhibitor ENBREL (etanercept) was generally well-tolerated by the first twelve patients with advanced heart failure treated with the drug for nine months.

Study finds physicians err in treating tuberculosis, raising risk of drug-resistant disease
A study by infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins concludes that public health doctors do a far better job of treating tuberculosis (TB) than private-practice physicians.

New quit strategy offers smokers more pleasure, less risk
By targeting the enzyme that metabolizes nicotine, researchers at the University of Toronto have devised a new strategy to wean smokers from cigarettes.

'Biodiesel' fuel could reduce truck pollution
Diesel fuel made from natural renewable sources such as vegetable oils or animal fats can lower air-polluting emissions of heavy trucks without modifying the engines.

Experts say independent scientific panels useful in advising judges in complex cases
Judges and juries face significant challenges when trying to unravel testimony of expert witnesses in courtroom trials.

Can we create black holes here on Earth?
Two scientists think they know how to create a black hole right here on Earth, without being sucked into it themselves.

ENBREL (etanercept) dramatic advancement in treating juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
A study conducted by researchers at Children's Hospital Medical Center of Cincinnati shows that nearly 75 percent of children with severe, longstanding juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) respond, often dramatically, to ENBREL (etanercept), a new drug.

Madia named Director of the Year for technology transfer efforts
The Federal Laboratory Consortium has named William J. Madia, former director of the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 1999 Laboratory Director of the Year.

Brookhaven Lab and Gould Electronics develop new materials for building better batteries
The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Gould Electronics, Inc., an Eastlake, Ohio company that produces lithium-ion polymer batteries, are working together under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement to enhance the efficiency of these batteries, while reducing the use of toxic salts in them.

A young woman's chances of surviving a heart attack depend on her postcode
Young women in Scotland are four times more likely to have a heart attack than young women in the South of England, but almost twice as likely to survive as their English counterparts.

Novel approach may roust HIV from its hiding places
Disabling a biochemical

NIAID researchers discover why some HIV-infected people don't develop AIDS
For reasons largely unknown, a small number of HIV+ individuals remain symptom-free long after AIDS normally would have appeared.

Effectiveness of breast cancer support groups mediated by spousal support
For women with breast cancer whose spouses are not supportive, participation in peer-support groups can help improve women's ability to cope and function with their illness on a daily basis.

Scientists clarify much-sought enzyme, pave road to cancer therapy
Scientists worldwide have eagerly eyed the enzyme telomerase as an ideal target for anti-cancer therapy.

Have we missed signs of life on Mars?
The surface of Mars could be littered with the chemical residues for life -- we've just missed the signs.

NSF invites media to visit Greenland
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is accepting written requests from professional journalists to visit its Greenland scientific facility in June 2000.

Tough standards boost high school dropouts
A Cornell University and a University of Michigan economist report that an average increase in stricter standards results in a 3 to 7 point jump in the high school dropout rate, equivalent to up to 65,000 more high school dropouts a year.

Hospital stays of three days for uncomplicated heart attack
Hospitals could safely discharge patients with low-risk heart attacks within three days, but most keep them five days or more, Duke University researchers report in the March 16 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.

deCODE Genetics is bad business for commercial genomics in Iceland says Rensselaer ethicist and professor
deCODE Genetics, the company licensed to create a nationwide healthcare database in Iceland, recently filed for an IPO with the Security and Exchange Commission earlier this week, making the genes of the people of Iceland a publicly traded commodity.

Comprehensive study reveals no systemic breast implant dangers
The largest, most comprehensive study done to date of the possible link between silicone breast implants and connective tissue diseases has found no evidence that the implants impair women's health.

Warmer climates favour the birth of boys
Warmer climates favour the birth of boys, shows a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Accountability keeps decisions more honest -- sometimes -- says study of two professions
Auditors and workers in professions with greater legal liability are less likely to distort new information as they make decisions than sales people who are drilled to believe in themselves, according to a study published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®).

Social support and confidence predict medication adherence for AIDS patients
AIDS patients are more likely to follow newer, more complex medication schedules if they are confident they can do so and if they possess a network of friends and others to support them, researchers from the Medical College of Wisconsin have found.

Largest study finds evidence of association between EMFs and exposed worker suicide
A large and detailed study of the possible link between exposure to low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and suicide among electric utility workers has uncovered what appears to be a distinct association.

Time important in transporting critically injured to trauma centers
In the continuing debate among emergency medical services (EMS) personnel regarding the best pre-hospital management for trauma patients, a new study by Johns Hopkins and the University of Southern California raises the bar on the importance of time.

Cancer's triple threat: three doctors at Cedars-Sinai team up against women's cancers
America's First Lady, three physicians at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and numerous Hollywood celebrities are all joining forces on March 28 to raise funds for the fight against ovarian, breast, endometrial and other women's cancers.
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