Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 19, 2000
MTBE threatens thousands of public drinking wells
As many as 9,000 community water wells in 31 states may be affected by contamination from the gasoline additive methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) due to their proximity to leaking underground storage tanks, according to a new study in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, published by the American Chemical Society.

Purdue researcher finds space fertile arena for gene transfers
Biotechnology may have found a new home in space, based on Purdue research that found genetic engineering of soybeans in microgravity was 10 times more successful than on earth.

New research proves fullerene can be cosmic carbon carriers
Buckyballs and other fullerenes encapsulate extraterrestrial noble gasses that, delivered to Earth and other planets via meteroids, could have contributed to devlopment of life- supporting atmospheres and death of the dinosaurs.

Potent anticancer agent found in hazelnuts
The active chemical of the anticancer drug Taxol® has unexpectedly been found in hazelnuts -- the first report of the chemical being found in a plant other than the yew tree, according to research to be presented March 29 at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in San Francisco

Imaging tests elucidate post-stroke recovery process
Although patients are known to recover from paralysis of one side of the body after a stroke, the mechanism by which this recovery occurs is not understood.

Department of Defense awards $1.5 Million for prostate cancer research project
The Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center in Nashville, Tenn., has been awarded a $1.5 million, three-year grant from the U.S.

New polymer shows promise against ovarian cancer
A new polymer derived from an antibacterial drug has unexpectedly and dramatically inhibited the growth of ovarian cancer cells line previously thought to be resistant to drugs, according to research presented March 28 at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in San Francisco.

NIAMS-funded analysis of glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate trials shows probable
A systematic analysis of clinical trials on glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for treating osteoarthritis has shown that these compounds may have some efficacy against the symptoms of this most common form of arthritis, in spite of problems with trial methodologies and possible biases.

Researchers identify alcohol antagonists in neural cells
Harvard Medical School and Veterans Administration researchers report in today's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that certain long-chain alcohols can block harmful effects of short-chain alcohols including ethanol (beverage alcohol) on nerve cell growth and development.

New research on long-term ocean cycles reveals rapid global warming in near future
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, report evidence of pronounced changes in the earth's climate that can be tracked in cycles of ocean conditions over thousands of years.

Sociology journal reflects on social issues at millennium
Articles by leading sociologists in this special issue of the American Sociological Review provide insightful discussion of broad social trends over the past century and reflect on the state of society at the beginning of a new century and millennium.

Chemistry predictions in hindsight
Nineteenth-century French chemist Marcellin Berthelot and novelist Jules Verne had different visions of science in the year 2000.

Diversity of trees in forests may be caused by soil pathogens, IU biologists find
Microbes in the soil beneath a parent tree can kill most of the tree's seedlings in that particular area.

Researchers discover glaucoma not just in the eyes
Researchers at the University of Toronto and St. Michael's Hospital believe there's more to glaucoma than meets the eye -- they have discovered that the disease associated with blindness affects not only the eyes but the entire visual system, including the brain.

Parents pass on religious beliefs more by word than by deed
The saying goes that

'Kissing bug' researcher to speak at world's largest scientific society meeting
Dr. F. Ann Walker of the University of Arizona will present award-winning research about the kissing bug and how it transmits the deadly Chagas' disease.

Caregiving impacts emotional health of the giver
Caring for an ill or disabled family member at home takes its toll on the caregiver's emotional health, and on his or her physical health to a lesser extent, according to researchers.

Leading scientist, J. Craig Venter, to speak on mapping the human genome
Scientists are racing to complete the Human Genome Project, which aims to map the complete set of genetic instructions for human life.

Environmental and genetic factors influence development of psychiatric disorder
The experience of misfortunes, or extreme adverse circumstances, can make a person more vulnerable to psychiatric disorders, but in recent years such environmental influences have received less research emphasis than genetic ones, according to a study.

Hospitals collaborate to improve care for heart attack patients
Clinicians at more than 20 hospitals in the Midwest and Northeast are midway through a yearlong project to improve the clinical assessment, management and discharge planning for heart attack patients.

Fueling the fire: Investments in university research help ignite $136 million deal -- and new design jobs
Two announcements in as many weeks provide strong validation for Georgia's strategy of investing in university research to spur development of technology-based start-up companies and new jobs from existing firms.

Gravitational lens helps Chandra find rare type of black hole
A team of astronomers from England and France have reported strong evidence for the existence of a rare type of black hole, called a Type 2 quasar.

Tuberculosis Foundation selects Core Research Scientists
In an initial step towards the development of a new vaccine to prevent tuberculosis, the Sequella Global Tuberculosis Foundation has named 13 researchers to the Core Scientist Program of its Tuberculosis Vaccine Collaboration (TBVC) program.

Quality of herbal remedies often is guesswork, expert says
The natural variation of plants within a species can have a tremendous effect on the quality of a herbal remedy.The way to control the variations in quality and to instill consumer confidence is to demystify herbal products through scientific research, says Purdue horticulture professor James Simon.
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