Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 21, 2000
Propulsion Center opens as new Oak Ridge user facility
The Advanced Propulsion Technology Center at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been designated a DOE national user facility.

Oxygen-swapping offers clues for toxics management
UC Davis researchers used a novel, indirect strategy to quantify the rate at which minerals and water exchange molecules.

People unknowingly spread epidemic of sexually transmitted disease
An estimated one out of four Americans already has genital herpes caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), but the vast majority don't know it.

Detroit researcher receives national award
Martin E. Newcomb of Dearborn, Mich., will be honored March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for his efforts to understand ultrafast chemical reactions.

Montclair researcher receives national award
Valerie J. Kuck of Montclair, N.J., will be honored March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for her efforts to inspire female student-researchers.

New research on long-term ocean cycles reveals rapid global warming in near future
Scientists funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and affiliated with the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, report evidence of pronounced changes in the earth's clmate that can be tracked in cycles of ocean conditions over thousands of years.

New findings on genetically modified plants and foods
Administering oral vaccines through edible transgenic plants, developing wheats for specific baking needs and testing for allergens in biotech plants are among the topics to be discussed at a special symposium on genetically modified plants March 27-28 during the American Chemical Society national meeting in San Francisco.

Was Mars shaped by glaciers?
The large canyons on the surface of Mars could have been carved out by melting glaciers rather than running surface water as scientists originally concluded.

Holiday weight gain slight, but may last a lifetime
A new study by NIH researchers suggests that Americans probably gain about a pound during the winter holiday season -- but this extra weight accumulates through the years and may be a major contributor to obesity later in life.

Charlottesville researcher receives national award
Chemist Donald F. Hunt of Charlottesville, Va., will be honored on March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for developing techniques whose uses include identifying disease markers on unhealthy cells -- isolating a single protein among a cell's thousands.

Sea squirts in sperm warfare
Life is pretty competitive for sea squirts fighting for space on underwater rocks.

Palo Alto researcher receives national award
Chemist Chaitan Khosla of Palo Alto, Calif., will be honored March 28 for finding innovative ways to use microorganisms to make natural products more efficiently.

Penn State researcher receives national award
Alex S. Kandel, a post-doctoral chemistry student at Pennsylvania State University, will receive the Nobel Laureate Signature Award for Graduate Education in Chemistry March 28 from the American Chemical Society at its 219th national meeting in San Francisco for outstanding research on fundamental molecular behavior and reactions.

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Schedule Your Interviews: Missouri is an international center of plant and human genome research, health care advances and agricultural development -- all supported by a sophisticated transportation and information technology infrastructure, world-class research universities and a highly trained workforce.

Houston researchers receive national award
Five chemists and chemical engineers with Shell Chemical Co. in Houston, Texas, will be honored on March 28 for leading the effort that created a new carpet and textile fiber in record time.

Massive iceberg peels off from Antarctic ice shelf
A large iceberg was

Scientists demonstrate potential of a quick, sensitive test for durability of paints
Brookhaven scientists and collaborators present findings that could lead to the development of a way to test paint durability before the brushes even get wet.

German researcher receives american award
Peter Jutzi of Bielefeld, Germany, will receive the Frederic Stanley Kipping Award in Silicon Chemistry from the American Chemical Society March 28 at its 219th national meeting in San Francisco for his achievements in understanding the nature of silicon-based chemistry and developing new materials for the electronics and optics industries.

Mt. Prospect researcher receives national award
Chemical engineer Tamotsu Imai of Mt. Prospect, Ill., will be honored on March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for developing more efficient ways to make petroleum-based chemicals and fuels.

Bending light backwards
Researchers at the University of California have set everyday physics on its head with an ingenious new material that bends, or refracts, a light beam in the opposite direction to a normal substance like glass.

Stanford researcher receives national award
Chemist Richard N. Zare of Stanford, Calif., will be honored March for directing graduate student Alex Kandel's outstanding research on fundamental molecular behavior and reactions.

St. Paul researcher receives national award
Philip Portoghese of St. Paul, Minn., will be honored March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for revealing how drugs like morphine interact with opioid receptors.

Optical tweezers: single photons trap a single atom
A research group at the Max-Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Garching has generated a bound state between an individual atom and single light quanta (Nature, March 23, 2000).

Fresno researcher receives national award
Chemist George B. Kauffman of Fresno, Calif., will be honored on March 28 for more than 43 years of guiding students to think and act imaginatively and independently.

TIP/Real-time satellite images of massive Antarctic iceberg
A massive iceberg, about twice the size of Delaware according to estimates, is peeling off of Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf and may soon be adrift in the Ross Sea.

Tucson researcher receives national award
Chemist F. Ann Walker of Tucson, Ariz., will be honored March 28 for furthering understanding of how heme proteins work.

Stage set for national symposium on May 1999 Great Plains tornadoes
Some of the most intense tornadoes on record ripped through parts of the southern Great Plains on May 3, 1999, devastating metropolitan areas and nearly destroying entire communities.

Piedmont researcher receives national award
Richard J. Saykally of Piedmont, Calif., will be honored March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for research on the most common yet mysterious substance: water.

Urbana researcher receives national award
Chemist Peter G. Wolynes of Urbana, Ill., will be honored March 28 for explaining how glass keeps its shape and for providing insight into the functional shapes of proteins.

Salt Lake City researcher receives national award
Joel S. Miller of Salt Lake City, Utah, will be honored on March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for pioneering development of molecule-based magnets.

Education itself does not solve major social problems
Education is not the solution to major social problems like drug and alcohol abuse, according to a Penn State anthropologist.

Environmental quality gains require major policy changes
U.S. environmental policies have brought dramatic improvements in air and water quality in this country over the past 25 years, but further expansion of

Berkeley researcher receives national award
Chemist Gabor A. Somorjai of Berkeley, Calif., will be honored March 28 for reshaping researchers' understanding of surface chemistry -- reactions that make computer disk drives, photocopying machines, catalytic converters and other products possible.

New device helps wheelchair-bound swivel
A team of inventors including a Penn State engineer has developed a device that allows a standard wheelchair to swivel much like an office chair, giving disabled individuals a convenient way to move within their workstations.

Albuquerque researcher receives national award
George Samara of Albuquerque, N.M., will be honored March 28 by the world's largest scientific society for skills as a researcher and coordinator.
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