Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 03, 2000
Honey bees contribute over $14 billion to the value of US crop production
Many of the country's crops would not exist without the honey bee at bloom time.

University of Washington researchers map rice genome
Researchers, under sponsorship of Monsanto Company, have produced a working draft of the rice plant genome.

Scientists move in on genes conferring susceptibility, resistance to cancer
UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have identified genetic regions in mice that confer susceptibility and resistance to a human-like skin cancer, suggesting, they say, that mouse studies may reveal genetic markers of susceptibility and resistance to cancer in humans.

Hypertension drug effective at preventing atherosclerosis
Blocking the hormone that causes high blood pressure can reduce the development of heart vessel disease, report researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center in this week's issue of Circulation.

$11-million grant supports study of how genes affect cancer chemotherapy
Due to the April 2 time change, the correct embargo time is 00:00 ET US.

'Carbonating' cow manure kills dangerous microbes
Researchers have found a cheap and easy way to kill dangerous microbes such as E. coli in cow manure.

Finding carotid plaque on a standard dental x-ray may predict fatal heart attack or stroke, UB study finds
Evidence is mounting that information gleaned from a routine dental X-ray may serve as an accurate early-warning system of risk of dying from heart attack or stroke, according to research conducted at the University at Buffalo.

A roadmap for prostate cancer treatment
In this issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal, Dr.

Dental research topics
Kids' preferences in dentists, new approaches to growing bone, insights into childhood cavities are among topics U-M faculty will discuss at international meeting.

CIIT researchers honored for 'Paper of the Year'
Two teams of researchers from CIIT are honored with

First awards made in NIH effort to understand how genes affect people's responses to medicines
Diet, environment, and lifestyle can all influence how a person responds to medicines--but another key factor is genes.

When arthritis strikes
This issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal presents the introduction and the first instalment in a series on rheumatology, a medical field that has changed dramatically over the last decade and continues to progress at an accelerating pace.

NIH awards UCSF $12 million in new national effort to learn how genes affect people's repsonses to medicines
A team of UCSF scientists has received a $12-million grant from the National Institutes of Health in a new national research effort to identify the genetic differences that underlie people's different responses to drugs.

World beating ANU laser technology goes on show
A team of AUSTRALIAN scientists will unveil their powerful new semiconductor 980nm laser this week (5 April).

Some coronal mass ejections are caused by shock waves from solar flares in other regions of the sun
Scientists have discovered a new source for some coronal mass ejections.

Study shows gene may boost smoking-related heart disease
A common gene appears to boost the risk of coronary heart disease among smokers, according to a new study of heart disease and heart attack patients in four U.S. communities.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet for April 4, 2000
1)Men Often Suffer from Incontinence and Want Help But Seldom Ask; 2)Physicians Can Learn to Use Patients' Spirituality in Their Treatment Plans; 3)Eating Whole Walnuts Further Reduced Bad Cholesterol in Dietary Study

Using new FDA regulations, Kellogg takes the lead in promoting heart-health benefits of folic acid
Kellogg Company will be the first leading U.S. food manufacturer to communicate on many of its adult-targeted cereals that

AVAX Technologies' M-Vax™ cancer vaccine induces T cell mediated immune reactions in patients with metastatic melanoma
AVAX Technologies presentations data at the 91st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), which indicate that M-Vax™, a cancer vaccine made from the patient's own tumor cells, induces T cell infiltration of metastatic sites.

Genetically engineered salmonella in combination with radiation shown effective against tumors in Yale study
Combining Salmonella injections with radiation therapy in mice has shown promising new results for improved cancer treatment.Tumor supression by a combination of X-rays and a genetically altered strain of Salmonella was greater than that seen with X-rays or Salmonella alone.

Homicidal thoughts are common for teens, study says
April 20 marks the anniversary of the fateful day when Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris opened fire at Columbine High School -- the deadliest school-shooting spree in the history of the United States.

Penn researchers announce results of Phase I trial using combretastatin drug
In a Phase I clinical trial, a team of researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center have found that patients with solid cancerous tumors were able to safely tolerate a new drug, originally derived from a South African willow bush, that interacts with the tumor's blood supply.

UCSD team demonstrates potential for widely effective cancer vaccine
Vaccination against an enzyme common to a variety of human tumors might effectively mobilize the body's own immune system to attack and kill cancer cells, scientists from the UCSD School of Medicine and Cancer Center report in the April 4 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

Freeing up the ER for real emergencies
In their study of emergency room use at St. Paul's Hospital in downtown Vancouver, Dorothy Pope, Christopoher Fernandes, France Bouthillette and Jeremy Etherington found that 24 patients visited the emergency department 616 times during the course of one year.
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