Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 10, 2000
OHSU researchers show drug education prevents use
Results from a three-year study of high school football players shows decreased use of anabolic steroids, alcohol and illicit drugs after participation in a team-centered education program.

Researchers develop new technique for identifying remaining unknown human genes
Scientists from the University of Chicago and Johns Hopkins University have developed a new technique that promises to significantly enhance the rate of novel-gene discovery, a process that becomes increasingly difficult as the Human Genome Project moves closer to completion.

Polyester may help shore up damaged bones
Michael Yaszemski, M.D., Ph.D. of Mayo Clinic has combined his two areas of expertise -- orthopedic surgery and chemical engineering -- into two new molecular approaches to fixing bone injuries.

Preventive treatment of CMV infection greatly reduces charges for liver
Cytomegalovirus infection is common in transplant recipients, affecting an estimated 30 to 60 percent of these patients.

Protease inhibitor could help prevent alzheimer's
Researchers have succeeded for the first time in designing a chemical that -- in test tube studies -- can stop the chain reaction that leads to Alzheimer's disease, a finding reported in the current (April 12) print edition of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, published by the American Chemical Society.

HIV infection increases smokers' risk of emphysema
Smokers who test positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may be up to seven times more likely to develop emphysema, new research suggests.

Two UF professors win Presidential Award for Young Researchers -- one is married to last year's winner from UF
Two University of Florida researchers have won one of the nation's most prestigious awards for outstanding young scientists and engineers.

Computerized prescription system reduces errors caused by bad handwriting
According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report

Improvement in some patients who underwent neuronal transplantation following stroke, according to study by University of Pittsburgh researchers
Douglas Kondziolka, M.D., professor of neurological surgery and radiation oncology at the University of Pittsburgh department of neurological surgery, reported today that some patients who underwent neuronal transplantation following stroke showed improvement in motor function.

People with AIDS illnesses more prone to memory problems
People whose diagnosis of AIDS was based on specific illnesses are at greater risk of developing memory problems than people whose diagnosis grew from low immune-cell counts.

Nerve protein shown crucial to sensations of pain from heat, injury
Probing the molecular pathways of pain, scientists have shown that a protein lodged on the surface of many sensory nerves triggers the nerves to fire pain signals when it is exposed to Death Valley-like heat or the fiery properties of peppery food.

The chip that could change the world
On April 11, 2000, President Clinton presented a 1999 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers to Sanjay Raman, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Virginia Tech.

Surgery and anesthesia increase risk for ischemic stroke
A new Mayo Clinic study shows that people who have surgery and anesthesia are at increased risk for ischemic stroke (stroke caused by an obstruction to the blood supply).

Dietary bioflavonoids induce DNA breaks, may contribute to infant leukemia
Ordinarily considered quite beneficial, bioflavonoids, found in many foods, including soybeans, fruits, root vegetables and herbs, and in high concentrations in dietary supplements, can cause breaks in DNA that could trigger the development of infant leukemias.

White House honors Hutchinson Center Scientist with Presidential Early Career Award
President Clinton today named Cecilia Moens, Ph.D., a basic scientist at Seattle's Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, a recipient of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers, the nation's highest honor for young professionals.
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