Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 12, 2000
Upper Columbia River: Some fish contaminants decreasing, USGS study shows
Biologists updating 1994 studies of contaminants in upper Columbia River fish--including Lake Roosevelt--have found either decreases or no change in levels of mercury, dioxins and furans, and PCBs, according to a report released today by the U.S.

Sandia attenuation technology may help resolve arsenic envirnomental crisis in Bangladesh
Technology developed at the Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories to remove toxin from groundwater contaminated by nuclear waste may offer cludes about how to resolve a catastrophic environmental crisis in Bangladesh where arsenic-polluted wells are slowly poisoning and killing hundreds of thousands of people.

NIH researchers zero in on viral changes that lead to chronic hepatitis C
Scientists from the NIH and other institutions have discovered a clue that begins to explain why so many patients fail to fully recover from infection with the hepatitis C virus.

Jays and cars don't mix
JAYS AND CARS DON'T MIX While roadside restoration is touted as a way to provide more habitat for native species, living along roads can do more harm than good.

AAPS Workshop to Examine Chemistry and Manufacturing Controls Trials, Emerging Products
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) will present the AAPS Workshop on Successful U.S. and EU Registrations: Chemistry and Manufacturing Controls (CMC) Trials and Tribulations, May 3-5, 2000 at the Crystal Gateway Marriott in Arlington, Va.

Researchers find key to spurring methane conversion
Microbiologists Derek Lovley and Robert Anderson of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst have found that bacteria living just below the earth's surface can be coaxed to rapidly convert oil to methane gas in oil-rich soil.

Older children, boys more likely to be physically abused in families with history of wife abuse
In homes with wife abuse, children ages 14 and older are more than three times as likely to be physically abused than are youngers childrens ages 1 through 13, a University of Washington study examining the risks of child abuse has found.

UCSD scientists identify genes controlling seed dispersal
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have identified genes in a laboratory weed that are necessary for normal seed dispersal.

Adolescents found to have strong immune response to HIV infection, may benefit from early treatment
Adolescents infected with the virus that causes AIDS have a surprisingly robust immune response and may benefit particularily well from aggressive early treatment with anti- HIV medications, according to a research team led by an immunologist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

UW researchers still monitoring plants, forest stands, seismic activity 20 years after eruption of Mount St. Helens
List of experts at the University of Washington who can help reporters who are preparing stories to mark the 20th anniversary of the eruption of Mount St.

Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center Community Service Program Targets West Side Children in Homeless Families
A community service program that targets the health care needs of homeless families in Chicago received a shot in the arm recently when the Chicago-based John R.

Mouse genome revealing which DNA sequences activate human genes
Researchers report that comparative analysis techniques used to identify DNA sequences coding for genes in mice and humans can also be used to identify sequences that regulate the

Adolescents with mentors less likely to engage in risky behaviors
Children who have a strong positive relationship with an adult mentor are less likely to participate in risky behaviors, according to an article in the April issue of the American Medical Associations's Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Italian wolves haven't gone to the dogs--yet
ITALIAN WOLVES HAVEN'T GONE TO THE DOGS--YET While centuries of persecution have nearly wiped out European wolves, they are making a comeback in Italy.

Best bet for saving cave species
The U.S. has the most cave-dwelling species worldwide and 95% are imperiled.

Gulf War Syndrome dizziness linked to nerve gas
In medical tests analyzing brain function, Gulf War veterans who complain of dizziness showed results similar to those of victims of the Toyko subway nerve-gas attack, according to a recent study.

AVAX Technologies' Australian joint venture signs contract manufacturing agreement
AVAX Technologies' Australian subsidiary, AVAX Australia Pty. Ltd., signed a contract manufacturing agreement with Bio Enterprises Pty.

AAPS PharmSciTech Tip Sheet
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists' (AAPS) newest exclusively online journal, AAPS PharmSciTech, www.pharmscitech.com, today published its premier issue.

Evaluating the aging driver: when mental abilities are affected, driving competence is always questionable
Getting incompetent older drivers off the road has been made easier thanks to a scientific-based test designed by a professor emeritus at the University of Alberta.

New discovery an important link in understanding the last evolutionary stages of low-mass stars
When low-mass stars called red supergiants die, they fade away on a wimpy wind-or so scientists have thought.

RX for Hawaii's dry forests: no cows and lots of hard work
Many people believe that getting rid of cows and goats is key to restoring Hawaii's native ecosystems.

UC Irvine researchers discover how airborne sea salt particles may influence air pollution levels
UC Irvine researchers who study the chemistry of ocean/air interactions have discovered how airborne sea salt particles may be involved in helping to determine the levels of some greenhouse gases as well as air quality in coastal urban areas

Researchers decode human chromosomes 5, 16, and 19
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute have decoded in draft form the genetic information on human chromosomes 5, 16 and 19.

Updated study shows baseline annual diet costs less for women than men
The cost of providing a nutritious diet remains less expensive for a woman than a man, according to the updated version of a classic diet study that will be published later this year in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

Nobel laureate Sheldon Glashow to join Boston University faculty
Sheldon Lee Glashow, a distinguished theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate, will join the faculty of Boston University this July as the first Arthur G.

National Reading Panel reports combination of teaching phonics, word sounds, giving feedback on oral reading most effective way to teach reading
In the largest, most comprehensive evidenced-based review ever conducted of research on how children learn reading, a Congressionally mandated independent panel has concluded that the most effective way to teach children to read is through instruction that includes a combination of methods.

A point-and-click revolution in health and demographic research
In developing countries, long-standing health and population- related concerns such as unwanted pregnancy, maternal and child mortality, and infectious diseases have been difficult to track.

Smoking during pregnancy associated with negative behavior in toddlers
Mothers who smoked during pregnancy were more likely to have toddlers with negative behaviors than mothers who did not smoke during pregnancy, according to an article in the April issue of the American Medical Association Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Researchers identify pathway that may slow the progression of Lou Gehrig's disease
Columbia researchers have participated in a new study that points toward a potential treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
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