Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 24, 2000
Promising new Parkinson's treatment proves safe
An experimental drug that may improve Parkinson's disease symptoms when used in conjunction with current therapies is safe for use by Parkinson's patients, according to a study published by the Parkinson Study Group in the April 25 issue of Neurology, the American Academy of Neurology's scientific journal.

Practice parameter takes unified approach to diagnosis, treatment of migraines
An article published in the April 25 issue of Neurology, the American Academy of Neurology's scientific journal, encourages aggressive treatment of migraine headache, a condition affecting 28 million Americans, and refers physicians to a new set of practice guidelines being published simultaneously on the journal's Web site.

Wealthy, more educated Canadians have better access to specialists despite universal healthcare system: U of T study
Despite universal health care, a University of Toronto study reveals Canadians with higher incomes and more years of schooling have significantly greater access to specialized health services.

High iron levels linked to more stroke damage
Stroke patients with elevated levels of iron are much more likely to experience more severe neurological symptoms and possibly increased brain damage, according to a study published in the April 25 issue of Neurology, the American Academy of Neurology's scientific journal.

Discovery: Atomic-sized carbon nanotubes show promising tunable structure, electronic properties
Carbon nanotubes -- strong tubular structures formed from a single layer of carbon atoms and only about a billionth of a meter in diameter -- display previously unknown properties with significant technological potential, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows.

Michael Czech to receive CIIT Founders' Award
Noted diabetes researcher Michael Czech will accept the CIIT Founders' Award at the Institute's Annual Meeting May 9.

Eating recommended foods associated with decrease in risk of mortality for women
CHICAGO--New data suggest that a dietary pattern characterized by consumption of foods recommended in current dietary guidelines is associated with decreased risk of mortality in women, according to an article appearing in the April 26 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

$2.4 Million grant is helping UMass researchers create "Tinkerplots" software for kids
Statistics class has a reputation for tripping up even the brightest students.

Map makers can avoid confusing the color blind
For 8 percent of men, color blindness is not just a fashion inconvenience, but an impairment that makes reading maps and other visual data difficult if not impossible.

Scientists seek to relieve suffering through research
As part of an ongoing effort to foster the highest standards of care for the laboratory animals that make medical progress possible, several national scientific organizations are planning initiatives to focus understanding on the assessment, classification and treatment of pain and distress.

NASA scientist: Lightning studies may provide earlier tornado alerts
On May 3, 1999, more than 50 tornadoes cut a killer swath across the Great Plains, costing $1.2 billion in property damage and taking more than 40 lives.

Conference on youth and violence to be held May 12-13, 2000
The Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis announces the Conference on Youth and Violence.

UCSD cancer researcher awarded $16.5 million grant to create national leukemia research consortium
The National Cancer Institute has awarded a $16.5 million program project grant to an internationally recognized cancer researcher at University of California, San Diego (UCSD) to establish and lead a national research consortium to study chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in an entirely new way.

Calcium is not as readily absorbed from soy milk as from cow's milk
Soy milk is growing in popularity because of many perceived health benefits by the public of consuming soy.

Irregular fetal heartbeat indicates serious problem in small number of cases
Irregular fetal heartbeats are relatively common, but a Yale study, the largest of its kind to date, shows these arrhythmias are an indication of serious problems in only a fraction of affected fetuses.

Chandra shows new way to measure cosmic distances
Using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, a team of scientists has attacked one of astronomy's oldest and thorniest problems, determining the distance to a cosmic object.

Chemical industry science leaders keynote CIIT meeting
Science policy leaders from the chemical industry will provide keynote talks at CIIT's Annual Meeting May 9.

Neuronal growth in the brain may explain phantom limb syndrome
Neuroscientists at Vanderbilt University report the first direct evidence that significant growth and reconnection of neurons in the brains of amputees may be at the root of phantom limb syndrome.

2000 Spring Meeting: Sessions and abstracts online
Reporters and PIOs may look up Spring Meeting abstracts on the web and may search for papers from specific institutions or localities.

89th annual meeting to be held May 10-14 in Chicago
May is National Mental Health Month and the American Psychoanalytic Association will convene its 89th Annual Meeting in Chicago at the Palmer House Hilton May 10- 14.Highlights include the Town Meeting on Youth and Violence, a panel symposium moderated by John Callaway, former host of PBS's news forum, Chicago Tonight.

Jefferson scientists find new link between gene and hereditary colon cancer
The FHIT gene, when damaged, has been implicated in several cancers, such as breast and lung.

Lower metabolic rate places black women dieters at greater risk for weight regain
The prevalence of overweight or obesity in black women in the USA (66%) is 1.4 times that of white women (47%).

Older people are more prejudiced -- and they can't help it
As older adults lose their inhibitory ability -- the capacity to suppress unwanted or irrelevant information -- they find it difficult to disregard their own stereotypical or prejudicial thoughts.

South Dakota windbreaks need renovation
People aren't the only things that age. South Dakota windbreaks and shelterbelts, planted in the 1920's and 1930's are showing their age too.

Physician and nurse recommendations and media messages associated with placing infants on their backs to sleep
Recommendations by physicians and nursery staff, as well as print and broadcast media messages, are associated with the increase of caregivers' decisions to place infants on their backs for sleep, according to an article in the April 26 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

UCSF ARI launches new international program that will focus on global HIV/AIDS issues
The UC San Francisco AIDS Research Institute is launching a new international program that will focus on stemming the worldwide HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Vitamin K intake may be helpful in preventing hip fracture
In a new study in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Booth et al. investigated a group of elderly men and women in order to determine the importance of vitamin K, along with several other osteoporosis-related factors, in the incidence of hip fracture.

Patterns of disease recurrence after radiation therapy treatment for prostate cancer suggest cure
Few studies have been conducted examining the long-term (8-10 years) efficacy of external beam radiation treatment for prostate cancer until now.
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