Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 30, 2000
Researchers studying technology effects on domestic lifestyle in unique residential lab
A residential laboratory that will be constantly connected via broadband communications opened May 1 to study how technology interacts with and affects domestic lifestyle.

Emory researchers help develop new way to identify prostate cancer patients at high risk of recurrence
Emory University participated in a multi-center trial aimed at developing a

Purdue 'stealth compounds' attack cancer cells
A new method to deliver compounds into cells may help scientists develop new, more powerful treatments that carry fewer side effects and are less likely to produce drug resistance in patients being treated for cancer and HIV.

Study finds few schools using effective anti-drug programs
The three most popular programs used by schools to prevent drug use are not among those proven to be effective, according to a survey of 81 school districts in 11 states.

Integrative approach to studying penguins, cockroaches and little hairy noses makes comparative biomechanics group at UC Berkeley the nation's best
The comparative biomechanics group at UC Berkeley has excelled at the study of animal locomotion, whether it's running, swimming, flying or wriggling.

Magnetic actuation folds micro-parts into 3-D structures
A novel fabrication technique developed at the University of Illinois could provide a reliable and robust method for assembling large arrays of three-dimensional microstructures.

New theory of human behavior takes internal goals into account
Why do we do the things we do? Is our daily behavior essentially a reaction to outside occurrences?

Higher doses of targeted radiation better than expected for aggressive early prostate cancer, study suggests
Early-stage prostate cancer patients with the most aggressive form of the disease may benefit more from high doses of carefully delivered radiation than previous reports would suggest, a new multi-center study led by current and former University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers has found.

Narcolepsy drug helps control fatigue in patients with MS
A drug used to treat some of the symptoms of the sleeping disorder narcolepsy also appears to help control fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Ropinirole appears effective against restless legs syndrome
Emory University neurologists have found that the drug ropinirole is a safe and effective treatment for restless legs syndrome (RLS), a common but often undiagnosed neurologic disorder.

UNC-CH survey of N.C. school officials reveals few districts offering effective anti-drug programs
Mirroring a national trend, a high percentage of North Carolina school districts have not been using anti-drug programs shown to be most effective in preventing adolescents from experimenting with drugs, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill survey.

Vanderbilt engineers build robotic 'bugs' that can go the distance
Mechanical engineers at Vanderbilt University have designed and constructed a two-ounce robotic

Chemical receptor key to fetal development
A chemical receptor in the brain associated with learning and memory probably also plays a key role in fetal development of the respiratory system, MIT researchers and colleagues report in the May 1 Journal of Neuroscience.

Anti-cancer compound could cause serious liver damage, report University of Pittsburgh scientists
An anti-cancer compound initially slated to enter clinical trials within months could harm patients, according to a University of Pittsburgh report in the May issue of Nature Medicine.

Real-world job training can cut the odds of returning to prison, UW study finds
The right kind of job training -- in a realistic business setting and coupled with personal counseling -- can cut in half the odds of returning to a life of crime, University of Washington researchers have found.

Microbes on Earth may be key to identifying life on other planets
Evidence of life in Martian meteorites or future rock samples from the Red Planet may be easier to identify thanks to microbes living in hot springs at Yellowstone National Park, says a University of Illinois geologist.

AAPS workshop to explore pharmaceutical reference standards
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) will present the AAPS Workshop on Reference Standards: Science, Methodologies and Compliance of Current and Emerging Pharmaceutical Products, May 15-16, 2000 at the Crystal Gateway Marriott in Arlington, Va.

BRCA1 mutations in Polish breast-ovarian cancer families
Dr. Jan Lubinski and colleagues have found recurrent BRCA1 mutations in Polish families suffering from breast cancer.

Pouch's newfound role tied to potential new treatment for malaria
For a century, a tiny compartment called the volutin granule in yeast, fungi and bacteria was thought to be a storage granule with no active function.

National Science Board to meet (May 3-4)
Journalists are invited to attend the next open session of the National Science Board (NSB) on Thursday, May 4, at the National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, Va.

Study finds elderly women can halt bone loss
A new Oregon State University study has found that postmenopausal women who participate in a long-term fitness regimen that includes jumping and

Decision on when to operate for childhood ear infections depends on which surgeon you ask: Study
Researchers have found a significant lack of consensus among surgeons in Ontario on when to operate on children with ear infections -- the most common surgery among Canadian children -- according to a study in the May 2 issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Anger-prone people are more likely to have heart attacks
A person who is most prone to anger is about three times more likely to have a heart attack or sudden cardiac death than someone who is the least anger-prone, according to a new study published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

New Gladstone/UCSF study finds inhibiting fat synthesis results in obesity resistance in mice
The regulation of fat mass in the body appears to be more complicated than previously thought, according to new study findings.

Wet-milling process potentially could expand ethanol, feed industries
An experimental filtering system being tested in the corn wet-milling process is showing promise.

Mountains of variables: The effect of landscape features on atmospheric deposition
A new study reveals that estimates of atmospheric deposition (sometimes called acid rain) need to take into account the complex landscapes of mountains, and the effects that mountain terrain may have on the way atmospheric deposition makes its way to the surface of the earth.

Drug fights fatigue in multiple sclerosis patients
SAN DIEGO, CA - Multiple sclerosis patients finally have a more effective and safe weapon against fatigue, one of the most impairing and disabling symptoms of the disease, according to research presented during the American Academy of Neurology's 52nd Annual Meeting in San Diego, CA, April 29 - May 6, 2000.

Gene tug-of-war leads to distinct species
By crossing two mouse species that normally do not interbreed, HHMI researchers have gained a better understanding of how gene imprinting can influence the establishment of distinct species.

UMass tornado researcher heading to great plains
Andrew Pazmany, the University of Massachusetts researcher and tornado chaser, will be on the trail of the swirling storms in tornado alley again this year.

Study finds that a new class of drugs may stabilize progressive, recurrent prostate cancer
Columbia Presbyterian researchers have shown that a new drug may be a viable treatment option for slowing tumor growth in men with advanced prostate cancer.
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