Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 01, 2000
Biological legacies a key of ecological rebirth after Mount St. Helens eruption
Even in desolate-looking areas after the eruption of Mount St.

Teens can help design school obesity programs
The recommendations of teens may help in the design of effective school-based obesity prevention programs, suggest the results of a study of teen focus groups.

Scientists on scent of better coyote management
Based on observations that coyotes without puppies are less likely to attack livestock, scientists with the U.S.

UCSF study finds danger in marathon runners drinking too much water
Drinking too much water while running a marathon can kill you.

Study: Drinking drivers still taking large yearly toll on nation's children
While the rate of motor vehicle deaths linked to drinking has declined in the United States, alcohol remains a leading killer of child passengers, according to a new study.

A first in robotic heart valve surgery
NYU Medical Center cardiac surgeons, leaders in minimally invasive heart surgery techniques, and Computer Motion, Inc., the leader in medical robotics, announced today the successful completion of the first minimally invasive robotic heart valve surgery in the United States.

MGH study shows protein can repel as well as attract immune cells
Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital are the first to show that a chemical signal controlling the movement of immune system cells can repel those cells as well as attracting them.

Ginkgo may protect brain against stroke damage
Ginkgo, a daily supplement commonly used for memory enhancement, reduces the extent of brain damage caused by stroke induced in mice.

Possible outpatient relief for millions of older men: MD researcher develops improved technology to shrink enlarged prostate glands without surgery
Millions of older men who suffer from urinary obstruction and associated pain caused by an enlarged prostate gland could benefit from new treatment technology developed by a senior scientist MD .The method should have several advantages over existing ones -- it could be done on an outpatient basis,a single treatment should have long-lasting benefits (perhaps for the life of the BPH patient), and side effects should be almost nil from the minimally invasive technique

African American adults at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes
African American women and African American men are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes (adult-onset diabetes) than their white counterparts, according to an article in the May 3 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Housework is as tough today as 60 years ago
Much of today's housework, particularly scrubbing and mopping, are just as tiring as they were 50 years ago.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Study shows novel agent can prevent transplant reactions and promote immunological tolerance
Hutchinson Center researchers found that by controlling the activation of specific T cells by blocking the anti-CD28 antibody they could reduce or prevent graft-versus-host disease in mice.

Tip Sheet May 2, 2000
1)- ACP-ASIM Guidelines for Drug Treatment of Depression; 2) - Overweight Women Less Likely To Be Screened for Two Cancers; 3) - Some Marathon Runners Developed Deadly Blood and Brain Condition

Penn reseachers spearhead project to create a national database model to retrieve and archive digital mammograms
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center have received a $6.3 million grant to design and develop a prototype of an integrated database that will be capable of instantly retrieving and storing digital breast images from mammography facilities across the country.

Engineering research news tips for the 21st century
Seven engineering experts predict 21st century innovations in areas ranging from materials research to automotive technology.

Chlordane found in foods decades after pesticide use
Chlordane, a now-banned hazardous chemical introduced more than five decades ago, is still in the ground, affecting foods grown where it was used.

Majority of alcohol-related child passenger deaths occur with child riding with a drinking driver
The majority of drinking-driver related child passenger deaths in the United States involve a child riding unrestrained in the same vehicle with the drinking driver, according to an article in the May 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Work/family spillover can affect health
Spillover from work to family life and vice versa may affect both physical and mental health, according to a new study.

ACP-ASIM issues guidelines for precribing antidepressant drugs
New guidelines for drug treatment of depression, released today by the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine (ACP-ASIM), say that both older and newer antidepressant drugs are effective, and that St.

High blood pressure, cholesterol and weight increase dementia risk
Do you need another reason to revive your New Year's resolution to eat better and exercise more?

Navy conference to facilitate interaction with commercial companies will be held August 9-11 in Washington, DC
The Office of Naval Research announced today that the first annual Naval-Industry R&D Partnership Conference will be held August 9-11, 2000, in Washington, D.C.

Falling birth rates in sub-Saharan Africa signal move toward greater economic security
Recent birth rate declines in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in cities, may signal the first small, faltering steps toward balanced population, adequate food supplies and relative economic stability, a Penn State study says.

New vaccine technology achieves dramatic immune response in mice
UCSD School of Medicine scientists report in the May Nature Biotechnology a potentially powerful new approach to vaccine protection against cancer, infectious disease and allergy, based on immune response-boosting DNA technology derived from microorganisms linked to tuberculosis.

Chemical sales nearly double GNP growth rate
Chemical sales of the top 75 chemical producers in 1999 were up more than ten percent over the previous year, nearly double the 5.6 percent growth rate in the 1999 U.S. gross national product, according to Chemical & Engineering News.

Indications for insertion of ear tubes
Dr. Warren McIsaac and colleagues report that many otolaryngologists disagree on what is an indication for surgery to insert ear tubes to manage recurrent ear infections in children.

More data needed on waits for health care in Canada
Morris Barer and colleagues cite gaps in the study of waiting lists and an overall dearth of scientific data as major reasons for the mismanagement of waiting lists for medical care in Canada.

BioMed Central to launch at microbiology meeting
A new publishing house that aims to change the way scientists communicate their research findings will be launched at the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) meeting in Los Angeles from 21-25 May 2000.

Students' diets become less healthful with age
As students move from childhood to adolescence, their consumption of breakfast, fruits, vegetables, and milk decreases while their soft drink consumption increases, according to a new longitudinal study.

New chemical instrument uses advanced missile technology
Purdue engineers, using heat-seeking missile technology, have developed an instrument that dramatically speeds up the search for new catalysts that could improve chemical manufacturing processes and automotive pollution-control systems.

Overall percentage of alcohol-related motor vehicle deaths declines for children
Between 1991 and 1996, the overall percentage of alcohol- related motor vehicle deaths for children declined, according to an article in the May 3 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Youth tobacco control linked to lower crime rates
Towns that come down the hardest on merchants selling cigarettes to minors and on minors buying cigarettes may also possess characteristics that protect them from crime, suggest the results of an exploratory study in Illinois.
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