Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 07, 2000
Researchers hope to solve cosmic mystery
Researchers at Michigan Tech are playing a major role in what many have dubbed the largest truly international scientific collaboration in history.

Genes and violent suicide
An article by scientists from the University of Munich, Germany, published in Molecular Psychiatry (Nature Publishing Group), reports that a specific subtype of the serotonin transporter gene is associated with violent suicide.

Cigarette smoking: Neuroticism and genes
Two articles in Molecular Psychiatry present research by scientists at NIH and Georgetown University showing that both the personality trait of neuroticism and a specific variant of the serotonin transporter gene contribute to smoking behavior.

Tobacco smoke flavoring contains hazardous chemicals
Scientists have new data that toxic flavoring chemicals found in cigarettes -- known as alkenylbenzenes -- are reaching smokers through cigarette smoke and may pose health hazards of their own.

The German-Japanese Consortium deciphers human chromosome 21 - A basis for comprehensive understanding of trisomy 21 (Down syndrome)
Chromosome 21 is one of the smallest among the 23 different human chromosomes.

Sleep apnea more common, severe in post-menopausal women
Sleep apnea is more common and severe in post-menopausal women, and is likely due to decreased levels of female hormones, say clinical researchers at the University of Toronto and St.

New USGS map shows arsenic in nation's ground water
A new U.S. Geological Survey national map shows where and to what extent arsenic occurs in ground water across the nation.

NYU professor Marsha Berger elected to National Academy of Science
Professor Berger's research is in large-scale scientific computing, with applications in the area of computational fluid dynamics.

New genes and old genes contribute to personality traits
Two articles in Molecular Psychiatry examine the effects of genes on personality.

New findings on aging and lung disease at American Thoracic Society Meeting
New hope for older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, new findings about the nighttime breathing disorder known as sleep apnea in postmenopausal women, and evidence of treatment bias toward elderly lung cancer patients were presented at the American Thoracic Society's International Meeting.

Jews are the genetic brothers of Palestinians, Syrians, and Lebanese
A new study of the Y chromosome reveals Jews are the genetic brothers of Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese.

American Psychological Association's (APA) 108th Annual Convention to be held in Washington
With healthcare and work environments changing at light speed, psychologists are examining the possibility of having prescription privileges, the advantages and disadvantages of online therapy, ways to reduce workplace violence and discrimination and the medical and societal implications of gene therapy.

Mayo Clinic study finds natural progesterone offers more health benefits to post-menopausal women
A new type of natural progesterone improves the quality of life for post-menopausal women, according to a new Mayo Clinic study published in the May issue of the Journal of Women's Health

Chill out
ONR-funded researchers at Michigan State University believe that a new type of thermoelectric material - a combination of cesium, bismuth and tellurium - may increase the speed of computers and extend lifetimes of processors by operating at lower temperatures.

Genetically engineered foods: science and nature don't necessarily mix
Many genetically-engineered (GE) foods are released onto the market before adequate studies are done to test their risks to humans, according to the May 2000 issue of the Journal of the American Chiropractic Association (JACA).

ONR-funded researcher wins Canada's highest academic honor
An ONR-funded researcher at the University of Toronto is a recipient of the Killam Prize, Canada's most prestigious award for scientists.

Black hole research boosted by new telescope
Cangaroo II, a gamma-ray telescope which will search for black holes in the southern hemisphere, is launched at Woomera, the site of Australia's rocket range.

A new picture of the brain may reveal the key to Alzheimer's
Vertical structures, called microcolumns, found in the cerebral cortex of normal brains are disrupted in the brains of people affected by Alzheimer's disease and may be connected to the cognitive loss associated with it, report Boston University scientists in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

HHMI announces selection of 48 new investigators
The Institute has selected 48 scientists, including 12 computational biologists, in a national competition to become HHMI investigators.

DoubleTwist completes the first annotation of the human genome
DoubleTwist has completed an extensive, multi-process ordering and analysis of the available Human Genome Project data, revealing genes and other information.
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