Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 13, 2000
Psychologically abused women experience significant physical and mental health problems
Women experiencing psychological intimate partner violence were more likely to report poor physical and mental health than women who were not abused, according to an article in the May issue of the American Medical Association's Archives of Family Medicine, a member of the JAMA family of journals.

Parents want more communication when infants are being treated in hospital intensive care nursery
Parents of infants undergoing treatment in hospital intensive care nurseries feel their role in the therapy decision-making process could be improved through more communication and use of simpler terminology, according to a new international study.

Pennsylvania's Early Discharge law results in increased health care costs
A study by neonatologists at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital to assess the effectiveness and impact of Pennsylvania's Early Discharge legislation found that the law was effective in keeping new mothers and their babies in the hospital longer.

Study points to need for policy reforms: Patients with liver cancer have little time to wait
An analysis of waiting times and tumor growth in patients needing liver transplants for hepatocellular carcinoma indicates national wait-listing policy should be changed.

Researchers link PKA to voluntary alcohol consumption and alcohol effects
Researchers at the University of Washington report in the May 15 Journal of Neuroscience (Volume 20, RC75) the first direct evidence in mice that protein kinase A (PKA) signaling regulates both alcohol-seeking behavior and sensitivity to some of the effects of alcohol intoxication.

Mutant mice voluntarily drink more alcohol, recover faster from its sedative effects
University of Washington researchers have found the first direct evidence that PKA, a brain chemical, is associated with the voluntary consumption of alcohol.

Hindsight bias - not just a convenient memory enhancer but an important part of an efficient memory system
It is said that hindsight is 20-20. According to new research, hindsight bias -- the way our impression of how we acted or would have acted changes when we learn the outcome of an event -- is actually a by-product of a cognitive mechanism that allows us to unclutter our minds by discarding inaccurate information and embracing that which is correct.

University of Pittsburgh researchers reveal possible screening to identify transplant patients who are 'rejecters'
Patients prone to rejection could be screened and their immunosuppression tailored to prevent serious episodes that could result in graft loss, according to a University of Pittsburgh study that classified pediatric heart transplant patients by their genetic profiles of certain hormones involved in the immune response.

New UCSF study looks at risk factors for infant mortality in Latina women
New research by a University of California, San Francisco team looks at the behavioral, medical, and nutritional characteristics of Latina women and how they affect the risk of infant mortality.
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