Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 14, 2000
Pitt research shows early lead exposure is a significant cause of juvenile delinquency
Children exposed to lead have significantly greater odds of developing delinquent behavior, according to a University of Pittsburgh researcher.

Scientists find unique nuclear DNA structure
For the first time since Watson and Crick described the double helix, a new and stable nuclear DNA structure has been discovered and described -- elucidating the process by which different classes of immunoglobulins (antibodies) are produced and helping researchers to understand how Burkitt's lymphoma comes into being.

New research on maritime alcohol: A few sips may sink ships
New findings published in the current issue of the journal Addiction suggest that low doses of alcohol may impair sailors who are unaware that their skills are diminished.

Fact sheet: the Report on Carcinogens - 9th edition
The Report on Carcinogens (ROC)- 9th edition identifies substances -- such as metals, pesticides, drugs, and natural and synthetic chemicls - and mixtures or exposure circumstances that are

Carbon diem: Grants awarded to research that seizes excess carbon dioxide
The Department of Energy recently announced grants to remove excess atmospheric carbon dioxide and store it out of harm's way.

Chemical discovered that causes plant tumors
Researchers in Oregon and elsewhere have discovered a new class of chemicals they call

Making kidney transplants last longer: Large UM study finds newer drug is better
Kidney transplant recipients may be able to keep their new organs longer using mycophenolate mofetil, a drug that was originally designed to prevent only short-term rejection, a new University of Michigan study concludes.

Higher dose of electroconvulsive therapy works better to relieve depression
More powerful shocks of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) speed relief of depression, researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and two other centers report in the May 15 issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, an American Medical Association publication.

Mutations identified in gene causing blindness, early heart attacks
Molecular geneticists have for the first time characterized gene mutations in families affected by a rare, inherited, connective tissue disorder that can lead to blindness and early heart attacks.

Sequencers take a bird in hand
Long before Alfred Hitchcock, Charles Darwin, and even John Audubon, man had a passion for studying birds.

No single indicator accurately predicts inflation, study finds
No economic indicator often used to forecast inflation - such as changes in the unemployment rate or in the price of gold - does a good job of prediction, a new study suggests.

Internet increases value of used and rare books, study finds
E-commerce has raised the value of and market for used and rare books, according to a new survey of 189 booksellers around the world.

OHSU researchers discover new synapses in brain
Oregon Health Sciences University researchers have discovered a new type of synapse taking place in the brain between oligodendrocyte cells and neurons.

Right to bear arms is not as clear as legal scholars claim
Don't look for one

Images of evolution
For new clues on evolution, DNA leaves fossils in the dust.

Success of introduced Argentine ants tied to reduced genetic variation
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have discovered that the proliferation in California of the introduced Argentine ant, a major pest that has invaded homes and displaced native species of ants in much of the coastal regions of the state, is due to the lack of genetic diversity among individuals up and down the coast.

Taking public health to the streets works
Going door-to-door with public health messages can be an effective way to educate at-risk populations, suggest the results of such an effort in New Zealand.

Recreational use of cocaine promotes blood clots
Even occasional use of cocaine promotes the formation of blood clots, shows a study in Heart.

Scientists find evidence for black hole in nearby galaxy
Scientists studying a nearby galaxy have found evidence of a supermassive black hole similar in size to one believed to lie in our own Milky Way.

Science board issues statement on need for open communication and access
The National Science Board (NSB) today issued a statement saying it is concerned about indications that heightened security concerns, especially at federal labs over the past year, are causing a growing difficulty in recruiting, hiring and retaining foreign-born and native-born minority scientists and engineers.

Up in smoke: Smokers blow away antioxidants that protect against heart disease
Cigarette smoking is hard on the arteries, according to a study that finds smokers have low levels of a chemical

Gamma ray hide & seek
Draping the earth and entire universe in a thin, ever-present veil, their origin remains one of the greatest puzzles of cosmology.

Safety education program seems to have little effect
A program meant to teach young children basic safety skills seems to lack the desired effect.

NSF creates partnership to further digital government
The National Science Foundation (NSF) will announce a new partnership for the advancement of digital government at a national workshop that opens today in Los Angeles.

Molecular footprints and memory squeeze-downs: Is your music collection taking up too much space?
Is your music collection taking up too much space? How would you like to pack all of your music onto a single CD?

'Real world' offers data to enhance safety of ambulance transport of children
A four-month study of more than 200 ambulance arrivals at an urban medical center suggests that the potential for injury to children and other occupants should the vehicle crash during transport is
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