Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 15, 2000
Conference to examine polymer technology
The materials and technology of the 21st century will be under examination when a major industrial research conference, the 11th annual Polymer Outreach Program symposium, is held at Cornell University May 22 and 23.

The reproductive medicine revolution
New findings in the controversial research field of reproductive medicine will be presented to 4,000 of the world's leading fertility experts at the annual international conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction & Embryology (ESHRE) in Bologna from 25 to 28 June.

Carnegie Mellon features award winning computer scientists in two-day conference on applications of algorithms in industry
Carnegie Mellon University will host a conference on

Peer review set for NTP Studies May 18
Recent safety studies by the National Toxicology Program will be peer-reviewed at an open public meeting by a subcommittee of the NTP Board of Scientific Counselors on May 18.

Research on how positive emotions can transform people into more creative, resilient and healthy individuals results in psychology's largest prize
A researcher at the University of Michigan has received the largest monetary prize ever awarded in the field of psychology for creating a new theory explaining the beneficial effects of positive emotions.

DFG to launch 21 new priority programmes
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) lauches 21 new priority programmes that have been selected from 54 applications and that are to be supported with an overall funding volume of around 104 million marks, raising the total number of promoted priority projects to 129.

Patients with social phobia benefit from long-term treatment with sertraline HCl
Therapy with the antidepressant sertraline HCl (ZOLOFT®) prevents relapse and the re-emergence of symptoms in patients with generalized social phobia, according to results from a 44-week study presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association

UCSF to coordinate large clinical trial of new osteoporosis therapy
A UC San Francisco researcher will lead one of the first large trials in the country to study a combination drug therapy for osteoporosis, much in the same way physicians prescribe two or more drugs to treat other diseases such as HIV, high blood pressure and cancer.

US seed industry to benefit from free trade with China
Permanent normal trade relations with China will benefit the US seed industry along with other agricultural sectors, says the American Seed Trade Association.

Study: Shorter hospital stays not reducing breastfeeding
Shorter hospital stays following childbirth have raised concerns, including the possibility that new mothers may be less likely to breastfeed their infants.

Queen's University receives $765,000 from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
A Queen's University pathologist/biochemist, who is developing an inexpensive and effective treatment for malaria has been awarded $765,000 (U.S.) from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Multiple race option in census may be more popular than expected
A study suggests that many more people than previously thought are likely to identify with more than one race in the 2000 census.

World's largest motorsports team partners with Clemson on innovative scholarship
Clemson University joins with NASCAR team Roush Racing to paint the town - or, at least a car - in Clemson colors as part of an innovative scholarship program.

Center for Civil War Studies will produce videos about West Virginia
Virginia Tech's Virginia Center for Civil War Studies will produce two videos about

Older maternal age affects risk of low birth weight infants among latinas
Increased risk of low birth weight infants is linked to older Latina women but not adolescents, according to a new study.

High hostility level may predispose young adults to heart disease
High hostility levels are associated with coronary artery calcification in young adults, according to an article in the May 17 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Chemical from venom of Chilean tarantula could aid treatment of heart attack, other major diseases
University at Buffalo biophysicists have identified a component of venom from a Chilean tarantula that blocks the action of ion channels responsible for cellular mechanical responses.

NEH funds African-American history and culture project in Virginia
Ten consortium members of the Virtual Library of Virginia have received a $250,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to create the Virginia Heritage Project, a database of African-American history and culture in the commonwealth.

UF study: Cocaine exposure doesn't doom toddlers to misbehavior
There's new evidence that prenatal cocaine exposure won't trigger children to become the misbehaving, difficult troublemakers society predicted they would be.

High blood sugar levels increase pancreatic cancer risk
Diabetes and related health factors such as abnormal blood sugar levels, obesity and elevated serum uric acid concentrations have long been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk.

AAPS workshop to examine changes in analytical methods and packaging
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) will present the AAPS Workshop on Analytical Methods Post Approval Changes and Packaging Post Approval Changes, May 31-June 2, 2000 at the Crystal Gateway Marriott in Arlington, Va.

Increasing carbon dioxide threatens coral reefs
Increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide may cause more harm to marine communities than previously thought, according to research conducted at Columbia University's Biosphere 2 in Arizona.

Clinical trial will test controlled 'drug holidays' to counter HIV
Researchers have received approval for a new clinical trial to test carefully controlled interruptions in HIV patients' drug regimens as an approach to boosting their immune systems, eventually to the point where they can manage their infections without the need for drugs.

NSF awards $4.2 Million grants to three coastal sites for long-term ecological research
Estuaries and coastal landscapes; barrier islands and marshes; giant kelp forests.

Restaurant noise can exceed federal workplace standards, UCSF study finds
The noisiest restaurants are so loud they may be damaging the hearing of waiters and other workers who put in full shifts during the dinnertime rush, according to a study from researchers at the University of California, San Francisco.

Mice unable to synthesize vitamin C should become valuable research tool, scientists say
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientists have successfully developed the world's first mice incapable of synthesizing vitamin C, a nutrient essential for growth and healthy bones, teeth, gums, ligaments and blood vessels.

Program helps keep mentally ill out of jail, hospitals
The amount of time that mentally ill people spent in jails and hospitals dropped dramatically when they took part in an innovative program created by several Rochester, N.Y., community organizations and the University of Rochester.

Clot-busting drugs don't benefit older heart attack patients
Contrary to general belief among doctors, clot-busting drugs -- the main emergency treatment for heart attack victims -- fail to benefit patients more than 75 years old and may actually increase their risk of death, according to results of a Johns Hopkins-led study.

Discussion May 24 on recommendations for animal studies on DNA-based therapies, herbs, emissions from cellular phones
National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Councelors will meet May 24 to discuss and review NTP activities.
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