Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 24, 2000
Witebsky Center to sponsor conference on TMJ disorders
The Ernest Witebsky Center for Immunology at the University at Buffalo will sponsor on Aug.

Brain scans of Gulf War veterans show brain damage
Brain scans of veterans who returned from the Gulf War sick show evidence of significant brain-cell loss, according to UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers.

Air New Zealand honored in operations research competition
Air New Zealand has been honored by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) for innovations in the complex art of crew scheduling that realize more than $7 million a year.

UI study finds residential radon exposure poses a significant lung cancer risk
Long-term exposure to radon in the home is associated with lung cancer risk and presents a significant environmental health hazard, according to a study by researchers at the University of Iowa.

Ford test vehicle optimization honored
Ford Motor Company has been honored by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) for development of a mathematical model that contributed to significant cost and time improvements to its vehicle testing program, while maintaining test integrity.

Tropical tree distribution could have implications for forest management, conservation
A census of six large plots of 25 to 52 hectares in five South American and Asian countries is described in this week's Science and shows most tropical trees are aggregated, or clumped.

IBM honored second time for supply chain management
IBM was honored for the second year in a row by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) for excellence in supply chain management.

Vulnerable groups less likely to receive early HIV drug therapy
African Americans, women, injection drug users, and people with low levels of education are less likely than other groups to have early access to antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), says new research.

Biofeedback may help children with migraines
Children with migraines can significantly reduce the number, intensity, and duration of their headaches with biofeedback training, suggest the results of a small study by German researchers.

Equatorial water may have provided means of survival
The precursor of modern animals may have been able to survive a Snowball Earth era that occurred some 600 million years ago because of a belt of open water along the equator, suggests scientists from the University of Toronto and Texas A&M University.

Sound of deadly danger: Researchers combine acoustic waves with radar to detect buried land mines
By simultaneously using sound waves to create tiny soil disturbances and precision radar to measure the resulting movement, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new method for detecting land mines buried in the soil.

UniStates, Tufts University collaborate on new technology
Medford, Mass. -- Cars and planes will be lighter, tougher and roomier in a few years thanks to a breakthrough technology announced today at an international gathering of automotive industry experts in California.

Duke awarded $27 million NIH grant to function as central testing lab for national AIDS vaccine trials
Duke University Medical Center has been awarded a $27 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct the detailed analysis necessary to determine whether potential vaccines show promise as a preventative measure against infection by HIV, the AIDS virus.

Intelligence more than IQ test scores, study says
To improve a child's likelihood of succeeding at school, educators need a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the IQ test, says a University of Toronto psychiatry professor.

Summer heat spells lights out, but new power company software might keep nation's power on
A recent study headed by Sandia National Labs suggests that major power emergencies like statewide conservation alerts in California might be averted if power companies adopt new software that predicts future energy demand rather than simply responds to it.

UCSF professor receives World Health Organization prize for Palestinian cancer treatment program
When Yoav Horn, MD, began treating cancer patients in the Palestinian West Bank in 1978, the region faced a severe shortage of oncologists and people suffering from cancer too often remained undiagnosed until the disease had become untreatable.

Ney honored for fish research
John J. Ney, fisheries science professor at Virginia Tech's College of Natural Resources, received the 1999 Outstanding Achievement Award from the Southern Division of the American Fisheries Society.

Chandra Clocks 1 million mph wind expanding from vicinity of black hole
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has examined the stormy environs of a giant black hole in the active galaxy NGC 3783 and measured the dramatic effects of intense radiation produced by matter before it plunges into the black hole.

NIAID creates global network to advance development of HIV vaccines
The worldwide search for an HIV vaccine received a boost today as the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) announced funding of nine U.S. clinical units of the new HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN).

How stress maintains population levels
A continentwide network of bird-feeding enthusiasts helped researchers at the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology prove a long-standing theory that a naturally occurring disease -- mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in house finches -- can regulate a wildlife population.

Dr. Pinkel receives Walter Munk Award for Distinguished Research
Dr. Robert Pinkel, Professor of Oceanography at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, was presented with the Walter Munk Award for Distinguished Research in Oceanography Related to Sound and the Sea, in a recent SIO ceremony.

FAA honored for reducing ground delays
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) was honored by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) for improvements to the nation's ground delay system that have speeded up air travel and resulted in $150 million in savings.

NASA Marshall News selects companies to help identify new space transportation technologies
NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., has selected nine companies to help define how NASA can get into space more safely and for less money than we can today using the Space Shuttle.

Bypass surgery patients at Cedars-Sinai participate in nation's first study of cardiac inpatient acupuncture therapy
Three pilot studies aimed at assessing the benefits of

Job strain as important as smoking and lifestyle on ill health
Women in jobs with high demands, low control, and low social support are at the greatest risk of ill health according to a paper in this week's British Medical Journal.

Jeppesen Sanderson wins operations research prize
Jeppesen Sanderson's success at increasing production efficiency and reducing costs was a key factor in the aviation information company's selection as winner of the Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences.
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