Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 15, 2000
Women are unaware that mammography can detect non-progressive cancers
Most women are unaware that detection of non-progressive cancer by screening mammography can lead to unnecessary invasive treatment, according to a study in this week's BMJ.

More tolerable treatment for severe, obstructive sleep apnea around the world
While the most effective treatment for severe, obstructive sleep apnea is a tracheotomy, many people decline to have the operation because they loathe the idea of having a quarter sized opening in their neck.

Scientists discover new way to distinguish self from other
Challenging an important dogma, immunologists have discovered a new way the body distinguishes its cells from foreign cells so it can destroy microbes without harming itself.

Is British primary care under threat from modernisation?
Several of the proposed changes to the NHS could damage Britain's strong primary care infrastructure, according to editorial this week's BMJ.

Elderly people would welcome living wills
Over 70% of elderly people in the UK are interested in making a living will and most have clear views on the issues raised by them, reveals a study in this week's BMJ.

Disability in head injury patients much greater than expected
Disability in patients admitted to hospital with a head injury is far higher than expected because previous work has not studied properly representative patient groups and because classification on arrival at hospital underestimates later problems.

Oral health of blacks, Mexican Americans significantly worse than that of whites, UB study finds
African Americans and Mexican Americans have significantly poorer oral health than non-Hispanic whites in the United States, and men have more periodontal disease than women, a study of national data by University at Buffalo epidemiologists has shown.

Scientists meet in Connecticut to discuss research findings
Topics ranging from potential therapies for cocaine addition to the chemistry of wine will be presented at the Northeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, to be held in Storrs, Conn., June 18-21.

UI study finds evidence of multiple symptoms, but no 'Gulf War syndrome'
In a study involving nearly 3,700 Gulf War-era veterans, University of Iowa researchers did not find evidence of a 'Gulf War syndrome' attributed to military service in the Persian Gulf from 1990-1991.

$3.6 Million Super Computer to advance Physics research
What is thought to be the largest supercomputing cluster in the southern hemisphere has been opened by Adelaide University and Sun Microsystems.

Protease inhibitors linked to bone disease in HIV/AIDS patients
Chronic use of protease inhibitors is associated with an increased risk of bone disease in HIV/AIDS patients, according to a new UC Francisco study.

Chubby children risk developing unfavorable lipid profile in childhood, UB study shows
University at Buffalo investigators have determined that children with a high body mass index (BMI), a measure of obesity, are likely to have high levels of triglycerides and low levels of protective cholesterol in childhood, dyslipidemia conditions that contribute to heart disease in adulthood.

UCSD researchers find genetic key to puzzling congenital disease
UCSD researchers studying, in mice, the molecular machinery of an important signaling pathway inadvertently discovered the gene responsible for a mysterious human congenital disease.

First-ever World Botanic Gardens Congress
Approximately 800-1000 scientists and horticulturists representing some 40 countries will convene in Asheville, North Carolina, for the World Botanic Gardens Conference, June 25-30, 2000.

UCSF receives grant to study cancer in latino population
In an effort to decrease cancer incidence in U.S. Latino populations, the National Cancer Institute has awarded a grant to a UC San Francisco researcher to raise awareness about cancer issues in Latinos, promote more research on the subject and train more Latino investigators.

Internet brand leaders dominate low price competitors, MIT study shows
Although the Internet is perceived as a near perfect market where customers buy at the best price, branding has made leaders out of companies like Amazon.com that don't charge the lowest prices, according to a study published by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).
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