Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 26, 2000
Inner health, outer embarrassment: in between it's interesting history
James Whorton didn't set out to write a history of constipation.

Researchers restore vision in an animal model of childhood blindness
Researchers rapidly restored lost vision in a mouse model using oral doses of a chemical compound derived from vitamin A.

Study finds untapped political clout among Americans with disabilities
The first major political-attitude survey of people with disabilities -- 54 million Americans who could be viewed as the nation's largest minority group -- reveals potential power largely untapped by parties and candidates.

Journalists will get latest information at Addiction Studies Institute
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, in conjunction with National Families in Action (NFIA), has announced the inaugural workshop of the Addiction Studies Institute for Journalists, designed to give reporters and editors the latest scientific information about the causes and nature of drug addiction.

NIAID public-private partnerships seek to develop HIV/AIDS vaccine
NIAID announced today four novel public-private partnerships to accelerate development of promising HIV/AIDS vaccines for use around the world.

Lasers to the aid of embryos
Lasers, once the weapon of choice for science fiction writers have found yet another role - as catalysts to aid the very beginnings of life.

Annual chemical industry report shows mixed results
Chemical industry facts and figures are the subject of an annual special report in the June 26 issue of Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Negative views of aging increase cardiovascular stress in older persons, Yale scientist finds
In the first study of its kind, a Yale-led research team has shown that older individuals' beliefs about aging can have a direct impact on their health.

Discovery of white blood cells that can enhance survival of organ transplants
A novel subset of immune system cells has been identified that can help prevent the rejection of donor tissue in such a highly specific manner that other parts of the immune system are not affected.

Rum and 'coke' combo far worse on the brain, study shows
In what seems at first an obvious conclusion, researchers at Johns Hopkins and The National Institute on Drug Abuse have found that people who

Sleep disorders may cause cluster headaches
The majority of people with cluster headaches may also have sleep disorders that trigger the attacks, according to a study in the June 27 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

AAAS's Project 2061 report: Big biology books fail to convey big ideas
Today's high-school biology textbooks fail to make important biology ideas comprehensible and meaningful to students, according to the latest study of Project 2061, the long-term science and math education reform initiative of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Lescol® XL effectively manages all major lipid parameters
Lescol ® XL produced 38 percent median reductions of LDL-C and up to 16 percent mean increases of HDL-C in dyslipidemic patients.

Why is silicon so brittle?
For the first time, the well known fracture anisotropy of silicon is explained by quantum mechanical bond breaking characteristics.

Europe leads the world for IVF treatment
The IVF consortium of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology has produced the first report of results of IVF in Europe.

MetaPhore reports general anti-inflammatory surface treatment for biomedical materials
The nearly 50,000 heart surgery patients who suffer severe problems after stents are inserted into their unclogged arteries are among the growing number of Americans with medical implants who may benefit from a general anti- inflammatory surface treatment for biomedical materials reported for the first time today in the Journal of Biomedical Materials Research.

Mars may hold twice as much water as previously thought
Mars may hold two to three times as much water as scientists have previously believed.

Study suggests ERT stimulates blood flow to key memory centers in brain
In the first long-term study of its kind, researchers at the National Institute on Aging recently used neuroimaging technology to find evidence that the brains of post- menopausal women who receive estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) age differently and have significantly greater blood flow to areas involved in memory formation than the brains of women who do not receive hormone replacement.

Multicenter study shows Benecol spread significantly reduces cholesterol levels in patients taking statin drugs
Patients controlling high cholesterol levels with statin drugs achieved further significant reductions in cholesterol by adding Benecol spread to their diet, according to a multicenter study published in the July 1, 2000 issue of the American Journal of cardiology.

Express Scripts 1999 drug trend report: Seniors hit hardest by record 17.4-Percent prescription drug spending increase
Spending on prescription drugs increased a record 17.4 percent last year, with senior citizens 70 years or older seeing the biggest cost increases per prescription.

First pivotal studies for new alzheimer's treatment published in Neurology
Data highlight overall patient benefits of Reminyl™ (galantamine) treatment over 1 year.

Guidelines issued on risk of driving with Alzheimer's
Note: The text of this release has been changed since it was originally posted (6/21/00).

Virginia Tech wins $15 million contract for advanced highway safety research
Advanced safety research will be performed by a consortium of traffic safety research organizations headed by the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute in Blacksburg, Va.

Mortality rates are lower after surgery when an anesthesiologist directs anesthesia care
Patients have a significantly lower death rate after surgery when their anesthesia care is directed by an anesthesiologist, according to a study of 217,000 Medicare patients in Pennsylvania.

International economic negotiation -- models versus reality
The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and Edward Elgar Publishing, Ltd. announce the publication of International Economic Negotiation - Models versus Reality, edited by Victor Kremenyuk and Gunnar Sjöstedt, members of IIASA's Process of International Negotiation Network Project. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to