Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 28, 2000
UI researchers solve 32-year-old mathematics problem
University of Iowa researchers and their colleagues at Argonne National Laboratory have solved an applied mathematics problem that had challenged computer scientists for 32 years.

Do fish farms really add to the world's supply of fish?
The decline of ocean fisheries worldwide has prompted a boom in commercial fish farming, or aquaculture.

Improving preventative care for coronary bypass patients
Treatment of risk factors in patients who have had coronary bypass surgery has improved considerably over the past decade, although cholesterol levels remain high in many patients, according to research in this week's British Medical Journal.

American Academy of Periodontology's 86th annual meeting
Major advances have been made in understanding the etiology of periodontal disease and its impact on overall health in recent years.

Selective inhibitor can target specific enzyme that promotes cancer
The first selective molecule able to target specific enzymes that help spread cancer may stop the development of some tumors, according to research presented in the July 19 edition of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, published by the world's largest scientific society.

Frequent pressure shifts increase risk of blindness in glaucoma patients
The more eye pressure fluctuates during the day, the higher the risk that a glaucoma patient will lose vision, according to a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins and two other academic medical centers.

Antidepressants impair cognitive function in the elderly
New medical research provides preliminary evidence that psychoactive drugs such as antidepressants have both immediate and cumulative negative effects on cognitive performance for people age 80 and over.

Trade agreements help prevent military conflicts, study shows
A new study suggests trade agreements between countries may make military conflicts less likely.

Ancient math refines theories of evolution
Evolutionary biologists are used to digging into the past--but rarely in a quest to unearth equations.

Helping to better understand the development and maturation of the auditory pathway
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have discovered the function of a group of nerve fibers that originates in the brain stem and fires off signals even before newborn rats can hear.

WEPAN awards recognize outstanding contributions to the advancement of women in engineering
IBM Corporation and two leading educators -- . Dr. Elaine Seymour of the University of Colorado at Boulder and Dr.

How E. coli bacteria put a death grip on intestinal cells
A team of researchers has produced the first detailed picture showing how pathogenic E. coli bacteria achieve a molecular death grip on intestinal cells.

Scientists discover fruit fly can open new doors to malaria research
Scientists at NIAID and the Whitehead Institute in Cambridge, MA, have for the first time grown malaria parasites in the fruit fly, creating an easily manipulated model for studying how the parasite develops in insects.

National Science Foundation awards research grant for $1.1 million to UA Museum
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $1.1 million research grant to the University of Alaska Museum to create the Arctic Archival Observatory, the first NSF-funded observatory of its kind in the U.S.

Expansion of methadone programs cost-effective in combatting spread of HIV
Methadone maintenance treatment for IV drug usuers is a highly cost-effective way to combat the spread of HIV infection, according to a new study by Stanford University and the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Lactose intolerant girls can have their milk and drink it, too
Teenage girls who can't adequately digest lactose can still consume enough dairy products every day to provide their recommended daily dose of calcium, new research suggests.

International investments don't reduce risk for US Firms
American companies don't reduce their financial risks when they expand operations outside the United States or when they establish joint ventures with foreign firms.
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