Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2000
Penn researchers discover cause of kidney failure in diabetic mice
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have demonstrated in an animal model that diabetic kidney failure is triggered by a protein that can be neutralized, thus effectively blocking the development of kidney disease -- which is one of the most deadly side- effects of diabetes.

Fireworks causing fires, injuries cost state half million annually
Fireworks-related fires and injuries cost North Carolina and its residents almost a half million dollars a year, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study.

EBCT scan can point to medical options, but not early diagnosis for coronary artery disease
By detecting calcium deposits in the coronary arteries, a special

First artificial retinas implanted in blind volunteers
In landmark surgeries at UIC Medical Center, the first artificial retinas made from silicon chips were implanted in the eyes of two blind patients who have lost almost all their vision because of retinal disease

Improving preventative care for coronary bypass patients
Treatment of risk factors in patients who have had coronary bypass surgery has improved considerably over the past decade, although cholesterol levels remain high in many patients, according to research in this week's BMJ.

Compound that switches off appetite in mice discovered by Hopkins scientists
Johns Hopkins scientists have produced a compound capable of rapidly turning off appetite in mice and causing weight loss similar in many ways to that achieved by fasting.

European Commission sponsors earthquake risk conference at IIASA
The European Commission will sponsor the second EuroConference on Global Change and Catastrophe Risk Management focusing on earthquake risks in Europe, from July 6-9 at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) focusing on risk management, insurance or natural disaster fields.

ASA announces recipients of 2000 ASA Awards
The American Sociological Association (ASA) is pleased to announce the winners of the ASA Awards for 2000 to be presented in a ceremony at the Annual Meeting in Washington, DC on Sunday August 13th at 4:30 p.m.

Race may be factor in prescription of antidepressants to elderly
Racial bias appears to exist in the prescription of antidepressants to the elderly and could signal underdiagnosis or undertreatment of depression in African Americans, a Duke University Medical Center study has found.

First protein 'biochips' may deliver improved detection, diagnosis
Scientists at Purdue University have created the first protein

New research animals earn their stripes
Generations of geneticists have learned their science using the fruit fly Drosophila and laboratory mice, but Adelaide University scientists are among those uncovering the mysteries of development by using zebrafish.

Current research offers hope for liver cancer patients
A medical research team from Adelaide University in South Australia has begun final trials on a new and promising treatment for liver cancer

Fruit fly model could explain how mosquitoes carry malaria: new drugs and vaccines on the horizon
For the first time, scientists have found a way to turn a fruit fly into a surrogate mosquito, able to carry malaria and infect chickens with the deadly disease.

Meteorologists say 'Perfect Storm' not quite perfect
Real-life experts suggest the 1991 storm that is featured in the blockbuster movie,

Desktop biofactories? New microrobots might manipulate single cells, Science authors report
Tiny, submersible robots may suggest a single-cell retrieval system, desktop biofactories, or even tools for minimally invasive surgery, according to a 30 June report in the international journal, Science. At 670 micrometers tall and 170 to 240 micrometers wide, the new microrobots are shorter than this hyphen--and no wider than the following period.

Aspirin may cause more harm than benefit in preventing coronary heart disease
Taking low dose aspirin as a preventive measure against coronary heart disease may result in more harm than benefit in some men, according to researchers at the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine in London.

Stitching together a receptor reveals plant hormone action
HHMI researchers have created a chimeric receptor in rice cells that allows an Arabidopsis hormone to switch on disease-resistance machinery.

NLM and Medical Library Association to support scholarships, recruitment for minority medical librarians
Only 9.5% of current library school graduates are members of minority groups.

Are we too pessimistic about the future of the NHS?
The widespread belief that the NHS is doomed to failure - as demand continues to exceed supply - is called into question in this week's BMJ.

Putting medical research on-line to give patients the information they need
A woman who carried out her own research through scores of medical journals to find out what was causing her infertility and repeated miscarriages will next week tell some of the world's leading scientists, publishers and librarians why medical research information should be made freely available on the internet.

No risk of developing Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease from blood transfusion
There is no association between blood transfusion and development of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, according to research in this week's BMJ.

Electrical resistivity in metallic fullerenes
The electrical resistivity of metals is usually related to the average distance, l, electrons travel without being scattered.

Drawing blood: the earlobe is less painful than the thumb
Blood samples taken from the earlobe are less painful for patients than those taken from the thumb, suggests a study in this week's BMJ.

Virtual 7-year-old helping researchers learn how real kids' thinking develops
To test theories about the specific ways in which children's thinking develops as they mature, researchers are using a cyberkid -- a computer simulation -- that strategizes and makes choices when building a pyramid from blocks about as well as a real 7-year-old child.

Heart disease death rates among women vary dramatically by state and race, find University of Pittsburgh researchers
Striking differences in heart disease death rates exist among American women based on race and geographical location, according to a study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Study seems to show why French suffer less heart disease, cancer
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientists have discovered why a compound found in grapes and grape products such as red wine shows natural cancer-fighting properties that might be important in preventing or treating the illness.

Internet retailers track wrong data, paper argues
Internet retailers pay too much attention to the total number of hits to their sites and not enough to data about their best customer prospects, according to a paper given earlier this month during a marketing convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

32-Year old math problem solved with computer network
A problem in combinatorial optimization first proposed in 1968 as a test of computer capabilities has been solved, according to researchers from Northwestern University, the University of Iowa and Argonne National Laboratory.

Eye maps reveal optical health
An interdisciplinary team at Gartnavel General Hospital, Glasgow, UK, has devised a technique for mapping the function of the retina of the eye, providing a powerful tool for the early detection of eye problems and for monitoring treatment.

UNC opens first clinical trial of vaccine treatment for advanced breast cancer
Doctors at the University of North Carolina have opened their first clinical trial of a vaccine treatment for advanced breast cancer.

Missing proteins in the uterus tied to infertility in women with endometriosis
Proteins missing from cells lining the wombs of women with endometriosis may help explain their infertility, according to findings from a study headed by a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientist.
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