Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 10, 2000
Current HIV treatment guidelines may result in more men than women being eligible for treatment
Helping to clarify a long-standing issue, a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins shows that women carry lower levels of HIV in their blood than men, especially during early phases of the infection, but have the same risk as men of developing AIDS.

Study of Agenerase® combined with low-dose ritonavir in PI-experienced patients combination raised plasms levels of amprenavir
Preliminary results of a study of the protease inhibitor (PI) Agenerase (amprenavir) suggest that plasma levels of amprenavir are raised by adding a low dose of the PI ritonavir.

Fauci presents new data on structured intermittent therapy at XIIIth World AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa
Preliminary results from two NIAID studies of the feasibility of moving HIV-infected patients from a continuous highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen to structured intermittent therapy in which an individual discontinues, then resumes HAART in a pre-planned, cyclic fashion.

Feeling sleepy? Let me look into your eyes
Under a $1.52 million grant from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing, UIC researchers are investigating the feasibility of using a measure of pupil size as a means of objectively diagnosing sleep disorders like narcolepsy and sleep apnea.

Treatment response to Aricept® (donepezil hydrochloride) not predicted by Apolipoprotein E4 genotype or gender
ARICEPT® (donepezil hydrochloride) demonstrated beneficial effects on cognition and global function over the course of one year in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational study in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease.

Chandra captures flare from brown dwarf
NASA's latest observatory, designed to see the most violent and stunning cosmic phenomena, captured something unexpected.

First X-ray from brown dwarf observed
Surprised scientists made provocative observations of an X- ray flare from a celestial object called a brown dwarf -- the first ever seen from such an object -- giving them strong hints of the tangled magnetic fields that may exist inside, according to an article in the July 20th Astrophysical Journal Letters.

UT Southwestern study shows vitamin E works as anti-inflammatory agent in type II diabetes
A high intake of vitamin E can help reduce heart disease and stroke risk in type II diabetics, UT Southwestern researchers have found.

Herbal remedies: do their benefits outweigh the risks?
With the market for herbal supplements now approaching $4bn a year in the United States alone, what evidence is there to show that these treatments actually work, asks Professor Ernst of Exeter University's Department of Complimentary Medicine in a BMJ editorial this week.

Extra oxygen improves survival odds for climbers on Mount Everest, K2
Climbers who conquer the world's highest peak are about one- third as likely to die during descent if they use supplemental oxygen during the journey than if they rely only on the limited oxygen in thin mountain air, a University of Washington researcher has found.

K-State researchers shake things up for earthquakes
Kansas State University researchers are working to build safer structures to save lives and limit damage caused by earthquakes like the one in Turkey.

UMass hurricane hunters flying into the eye of the storm
University of Massachusetts hurricane hunter Jim Carswell will be flying into the eyes of hurricanes again this year, using high-tech weather sensors developed at UMass.

Queen conch shell suggests new structure for ceramics
CWRU researchers report in the June 29

New study shows prescribing of newer antipsychotic medication risperdal may save millions in schizophrenia care
11th July 2000, Brussels] - Treatment with the newer antipsychotic medication Risperdal® (risperidone) for patients with schizophrenia could have the potential to save millions of dollars from healthcare budgets across the world, according to a major new study presented at the Collegium Internationale Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum (CINP) meeting in Belgium.

Researchers find jail-based surveillance screening useful in monitoring HIV and sexually transmitted disease epidemics
A study by the San Francisco Department of Public Health, conducted at the San Francisco County Jail, has found that anonymous HIV screening of jail inmates offers an opportunity to track the epidemic in at-risk groups, particularly those who traditionally under-utilize health care services.

Vitamin E from dietary supplements may help reduce cognitive decline among older persons
A study of more than 6,000 persons ages 65 and older showed that a high intake of vitamin E from foods and/or dietary supplements was associated with reduced memory loss and other cognitive decline.

New test for radiation damage to DNA developed at Brookhaven Lab
In research that could help assess the radiation risks faced by astronauts, improve the cancer-killing potential of radiation therapy, and distinguish between DNA damage caused by normal living and that caused by low-level radiation, scientists at the U.S.

Researchers document rare cases of West Nile Virus
Two unique cases of West Nile virus infection highlight the need for greater vigilance regarding the mosquito-borne virus reported in the American Academy of Neurology's July 11 issue of Neurology.

Imaging of brain chemicals improves Alzheimers diagnosis
Diagnosing Alzheimer's disease may become easier with the help of imaging studies from the San Francisco Veteran's Affairs Medical Center, which is affiliated with UC San Francisco.

MRI measurements will track brain development in NIH-sponsored study at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
To better understand disease, first understand normal, healthy conditions. That's the rationale behind the first comprehensive MRI study of normal brain development in children.
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