Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 11, 2000
Boston University scientists uncover the secret to movement in super-cooled water
Scientists at the Center for Polymer Studies at Boston University and at the Universitá di Roma La Sapienza have created a computer model that is useful in understanding how molecules move through super-cooled water.

Life from the skies
Life may not have emerged from the sea but high in the sky, according to a startling new theory.

Pulsars much older than thought, astonomers say
Pulsars -- spinning, superdense neutron stars that emit powerful beams of radio waves and light -- may be older than scientists thought, according to researchers using measurements made with the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Very Large Array (VLA).

FDA advisory committee recommends approval of Remicade® with methotrexate for reduction of joint damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Centocor, Inc. said today that the Arthritis Advisory Committee to the U.S.

Cadmium makes brittle bones in Rocky Mt. birds
Toxic cadmium from abandoned mines in Colorado is destroying the bones of a little known bird, the white-tailed ptarmigan, and may be harming other Rocky Mountain wildlife, Cornell University ecologists report in the July 13, 2000, issue of the journal Nature.

Multi-institutional study shows immune benefit when interleukin-2 is added to antiretroviral therapy
A multicenter U.S. study has found that the addition of the immune stimulator interleukin-2 (IL-2) to antiretroviral therapy (ART) appears to improve immunologic function in patients with an intermediate stage of HIV infection and may augment the anti-HIV activity of potent antiretroviral agents.

New mechanism of drug resistance found in cancer cells
Researchers found a new mechanism of drug resistance in cancer cells, and, possibly, a means to overcome chemotherapy resistance.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Technology 2020 announce plan to create new companies
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Technology 2020 have formed a partnership to help create more jobs in East Tennessee.

Baby boomers' wealth is good news for Social Security
A new study of wealth in the United States concludes that baby boomers have already accumulated more wealth than their parents did at similar ages.

New Alzheimer's treatment Reminyl™(galantamine) completes EU mutual recognition procedure
Beerse, Belgium -- [12 July 2000] Reminyl(TM) (galantamine), a new treatment for Alzheimer's disease, was granted marketing approval under the Mutual Recognition Procedure by thirteen European Union member states as well as Norway and Iceland.

First bioengineered cornea studies reported
In separate reports this month, two groups of scientists announce they have restored eyesight to patients with previously untreatable corneal damage, using novel tissue bioengineering techniques.

Nighttime lens wear may mean near-perfect daytime vision
After just seven nights of wearing reverse-geometry gas permeable contact lenses, researchers saw improvement in the daytime eyesight of seven of eight nearsighted subjects.

UCSF research reveals how the embryo brings its heart together
Early in the life of every vertebrate embryo, be it human or hamster, there is a moment when the heart comes together -- literally.

Titan here we come
NASA want to explore Titan, a mysterious moon way out beyond the icy rings of Saturn that may contain clues about the origin of life itself.

Cadmium toxicity threatening wildlife in Rocky Mountains
An alarming number of white-tailed ptarmigan in a large region of the southern Rocky Mountains are suffering from acute cadmium poisoning, due to an exposure to high concentrations of the extremely toxic trace metal.

Electrode to lower cost of aluminum smelting, lessen pollution
An engineer here has patented a potentially major improvement in aluminum production: an electrode that could cut smelting costs by one-fourth and air pollution by half.

Recently infected patients show immune benefit when interleukin-2 is added to antiretroviral therapy
In an early report from an ongoing, randomized clinical trial, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco have shown that the addition of the immune stimulator interleukin-2 (IL-2) to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) improves immune function in patients who have been recently infected with HIV.

UCSD chemists find extraterrestrial 'anomaly' in Earth's rocks
Chemists at the University of California, San Diego have discovered an isotope anomaly previously thought unique to meteorites and other extraterrestrial rocks in sulfate minerals on Earth.

Navajo Tribal Utility Authority brings solar electricity to homes in remote areas
A new solar power initiative of the Navajo Tribal Utility Authority (NTUA) is bringing electricity to the homes of people living in remote areas of the reservation.

New scientific theory may change how treatments for inherited neurodegenerative diseases are developed
Researchers at the University of Toronto and the Hospital for Sick Children have a new theory on how neurons die in inherited neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington's and Parkinson's -- they believe the cell death occurs randomly, not cumulatively.

Women with low body iron find exercise harder
Aerobic exercise -- and physical work -- are much harder for women who do not have adequate iron in their systems but who are not yet anemic, according to a Cornell University study published in the Journal of Applied Physiology (Vol.

NIH announces new international network to study HIV prevention strategies
The U.S. National Institutes of Health forms the international HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) to develop and test promising alternative strategies, besides AIDS vaccines, that may be able to block or reduce infection with HIV.

New research analyzes game of missile interception
War is never a game, but one expert has brought game theory to bear on defending against incoming ballistic missile attacks.
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