Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 12, 2000
Polymeric chains in 'Flatland' reveal surprises, researchers say
Contrary to what scientists have long thought, recent experiments at the University of Illinois have revealed that flexible polymers stuck to a solid surface crawl around in a very different way than they would in the bulk.

NIH announces new clinical trials of promising transplant therapy for diabetes
NIH announces ten research centers within the Immune Tolerance Network will begin testing the Edmonton protocol, a promising technique for transplanting insulin-producing pancreas cells that may one day allow people with type 1 diabetes to stop their insulin shots.

Two studies compare triple nucleoside therapy Ziagen® + Combivir® with protease inhibitorplus Combivir® regimens in therapy-naive patients
Two studies comparing the triple nucleoside regimen of Ziagen (abacavir sulfate) plus Combivir (lamivudine/zidovudine) with triple-drug regimens containing protease inhibitors (PI) as first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) were presented July 12, 2000 at the 13th International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa.

San Francisco study shows antiretroviral treatment continues to improve AIDS survival
A study from the San Francisco Department of Public Health and University of California, San Francisco found that treatment with potent antiretroviral therapy continues to significantly improve how long AIDS patients survive with the disease.

Identification of yeast mating habits opens new doors to candida research
In the current issue of Science, researchers from the University of Minnesota report the discovery of mating behavior in the yeast Candida albicans, a potentially deadly microbe long thought to reproduce only by cell division.

Inexpensive AIDS drug still reduces HIV transmission from mother to child after one year
A team of scientists from the United States and Uganda reported today that the inexpensive AIDS drug nevirapine, when given to both mother and child around the time of birth, greatly reduces mother-to-infant transmission of HIV up to a year after the medicine was given.

A new model of cell death in neurodegenerative disease
An HHMI international research scholar has discovered a common principle underlying the death of brain cells in a number of neurodegenerative disorders.

Novel Colorado experiment helps explain charged dust in the vacuum of space
A University of Colorado at Boulder research team is on the verge of explaining the occurrence of a small, mysterious layer of dust suspended several feet above the moon's surface that was first observed by Apollo astronauts.

Family history of high cholesterol often not detected until middle age
Families with a history of high cholesterol are being denied early treatment to reduce the risk of coronary events because they often remain undetected until middle age, according to a study in this week's British Medical Journal.

Pulsars 'lying about their ages,' astronomers say, throwing theories into doubt
Pulsars, those spinning, superdense neutron stars that send powerful

Marijuana does not appear to alter viral loads of HIV patients taking protease inhibitors
A study by researchers from the University of California, San Francisco has found that patients with HIV infection taking protease inhibitors do not experience short-term adverse virologic effects from using cannabinoids.

HIV increasing at Brazilian test site, with evidence of transmission of resistant virus
University of California, San Francisco researchers and Brazilian colleagues report that analysis of blood samples taken at an anonymous test site in Santos, Brazil from 1995 to 1999 show an increase in the rate of HIV infection after a period of decline.

Commission calls for national imperative and public-private partnership to broaden the talent pool in the science, engineering & technology workforce
Representatives of the Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development (CAWMSET) released recommendations today calling for a national imperative to recruit, train and retain individuals for our domestic SET workforce among populations vastly underrepresented.

UI to host international engineering conference July 23-27
Nearly 400 engineering professionals from 41 different countries are expected to visit eastern Iowa when the University of Iowa's Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research (IIHR) hosts the 4th International Conference on Hydroinformatics first U.S. meeting July 23-27 at the Collins Plaza Hotel in Cedar Rapids.

Undercooked meat is chief cause of parasite infection in pregnancy
Eating undercooked, raw or cured meat during pregnancy is the main risk factor for the common parasite infection -- toxoplasmosis -- which can lead to brain damage in the unborn child, according to a study in this week's British Medical Journal.

Multifaceted intervention program helps prevent asthma in high-risk infants
An intervention program resulted in a modest but significant reduction in the risk of possible or probable asthma and rhinitis without apparent colds at the age of 12 months in high-risk infants.

Federal government report shows America's kids gain ground in key areas
The yearly Federal report on the status of children shows that America's kids have gained ground in many areas.

Tailoring new cotton genes for industry
Australia once 'rode on the sheep's back,' but its export of wool has declined in the face of synthetic fabrics, which have also had their impact on other natural fibres such as cotton.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory
(1) Medical-SeizAlert to the rescue; (2) Chemistry- Micromixing the easy way; (3) Mapping-Polution distribution a click away; (4) Chemistry-Trapping single atoms.

Research shows savings can be achieved if Ugandan company provides HIV drugs to employees
Researchers have found that it may be cost-effective for Ugandan companies to provide HIV drugs to their employees with HIV when they get sick.
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