Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 2000
Cranfield joins the UN fight against land mines
Cranfield University in England and The United Nations have joined forces in the fight against land mines.

UCSF scientists report first direct demonstration that deformed prion protein shape alone causes infection and disease
Scientists have shown for the first time that pure prion proteins can trigger normal proteins to change shape and become infectious.

Advanced systems aim to keep new cars running clean as they age
Purdue University and Ford Motor Co. are teaming up to develop an advanced, onboard electronic system designed to monitor the health of aging engines and keep cars in compliance with stringent exhaust-emission standards.

Purdue researchers track deadly foodborne bacterium
Researchers at Purdue University are developing new electronic sensors that should be able to detect the deadly pathogen Listeria monocytogenes in food processing lines.

Health professionals as peace advocates in areas of conflict
Health initiatives can be successfully used as peace-building mechanisms in war-affected zones, according to research in this week's BMJ.

Risky sexual behaviour linked to psychiatric disorders in young adults
Common psychiatric disorders, such as depression and substance dependence, are associated with risky sexual behaviour in young people, according a study in this week's BMJ.

New Indian lands map available from USGS
A striking new map on Indian lands is now available thanks to a cooperative effort between the U.S.

USGS has a blast at NASA Langley
The USGS is drillinga hole at NASA Langley near the edge of a 51-mile wide impact crater that was created by a meteor or comet.

Even the Immune System works with Pincers
A key building block of the human immune system was identified up to the atomic detail using the method of x-ray crystallography by scientists of the Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry in Martinsried/Germany (Nature, 20.

A new potent greenhouse gas of industrial origin has been discovered in the atmosphere
An international research team have detected a previously unreported compound in the atmosphere, trifluoromethyl sulphur pentaflouride (SF5CF3).

Babies born at night are at greater risk of early death
Babies born at night are almost twice as likely to die as babies born during the day, according to a study in this week's BMJ.

UNC professor explores how Buffalo Bill shaped americans' views of the country
UNC-CH professor's book sheds light on the origins of 20th Century popular culture and celebrity hero-worship and to raise intriguing questions about our understanding of the American past.

Sentinel node biopsy identifies patients in which cancer of the vulva has spread
A new diagnostic tool used in patients with melanoma or breast cancer is also beneficial for women with vulva cancer.

Hubble sees comet LINEAR blow its top
A Johns Hopkins-led team observing with the Hubble Space Telescope happened to catch and record a brief, violent outburst when a comet blew off a piece of its crust, like a cork off a champagne bottle.

Ibuprofen reduces amyloid found in Alzheimer's; may eventually find use to prevent the disease
A new study finds that ibuprofen significantly reduces inflammation and amyloid plaques in an animal model of Alzheimer's disease, and may someday help prevent the disease in humans.

Smoking cessation therapy availability increases assisted quit attempts
Providing more treatment options to smokers, as well as increasing access to those options, increases treatment- assisted quit attempts, according to a study in the July 28 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Oliver Smithies wins major award from Japanese research foundation
Dr. Oliver Smithies of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has received the 15th International Okamoto Award from the Japan Vascular Disease Research Foundation for contributions to medical research.
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