Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 06, 2000
Study evaluates Zyban in smokeless tobacco users
Data presented today at the 11th World Congress on Tobacco Or Health evaluated the use of ZYBAN® (bupropion HCl) Sustained Release 150 mg Tablets as a cessation aid for users of smokeless tobacco.

Genetic 'switch' key to biotech patent royalties
The first royalties for a genetic sequencing patent that acts like a molecular switch to expose encrypted characteristics of genes has netted University of Alaska Fairbanks biochemist John Keller $10,000.

Environmental Health Institute announces meeting on possible studies of agent orange/dioxin in Vietnam
NIEHS announces a public meeting Aug. 18 in Monterey, California to discuss possible scientific studies related to Agent Orange exposure that could be conducted in Vietnam.

Astronomers report discovery of three new extrasolar planets, plus hints of many multi-planet systems
A team of astronomers led by Geoff Marcy of UC Berkeley report another three extrasolar planets.

Model helps patients, clinics, & drug manufacturers cope with health insurance cutbacks
Faced with growing concern that patient care may suffer from strict insurance policies meant to contain rising drug costs, a new model helps patients, clinics, and drug manufacturers find a mutually beneficial strategy, according to a study published by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

Analysis of study looks at why quitters return to smoking
Data presented today from an analysis of a study evaluating maintenance use of ZYBAN (bupropion HCl) Sustained-Release 150 mg Tablets may shed some light on the challenges faced by people who try to quit smoking but subsequently return to it, a common problem for the approximately 23 million people who try to quit smoking each year in the U.S.

Medical providers need more training to spot and intervene in cases of domestic violence, according to new study
Research has shown that the prevalence of people, particularly women, being beaten by their partners is high and that such victims are frequent users of medical services.

New protein a key to cell shape and movement
A protein discovered by scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill appears to play a key role in determining the shape of cells and allowing them to move.

Positive school climate equals positive children's behavior, peacebuilders program teaches social competence
Creating a pro-social school environment increases the frequency of children's positive behavior, develops their social skills, and may limit future aggressive behaviors.

March of Dimes disputes task force report on testing newborns
The March of Dimes strongly criticizes a new report on newborn screening for genetic diseases published in the latest issue of Pediatrics, saying the report should have argued for the health of babies rather than for a cost- benefit balance.

Sex issues, training and research visibility seen as challenges for women in psychology
Issues such as counselors having sex with former patients, multiculturalism, graduate training and more visibility for research on women's issues are among the challenges facing women as psychology enters a new century, a University of Illinois professor says.

Preterm infants found to be at risk for cognitive, social and behavioral problems after ten years
Many pre-term and low birth weight infants who do not suffer from a physical debilitating condition are still at risk for subtle developmental delays that are more social, behavioral and cognitive in nature that are often undetected until a child reaches school age, say researchers.

Astronomers discover youngest massive star cluster in Milky Way
A University of Colorado at Boulder professor and several colleagues have identified what is believed to be the youngest massive star cluster yet detected in the Milky Way Galaxy.

For cardiac patients: What's good for the head may not necessarily be good for the heart
The demographic characteristics that are associated with improved mental health and well-being of cardiac disease patients are not necessarily good for their physical recovery, according to new research presented today at the 108th annual convention of the American Psychological Association (APA).

Low-cost treatments for heart attack underused in blacks, women and the poor
Blacks, women and poor people who have a heart attack are less likely to receive proven, inexpensive treatments such as aspirin or beta-blocker therapy, according to an article in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Religious faith and spirituality may help people recover from substance abuse
Among people recovering from substance abuse, a new study to be presented at the American Psychological Association's Annual Convention in Washington, DC, finds that higher levels of religious faith and spirituality were associated with several positive mental health outcomes which may help contribute to the recovery process.

Smokers' misperceptions of the health benefits of light and ultra light cigarettes impact quitting efforts
Smoking cessation messages aimed at smokers of light and ultra light cigarettes, approximately two-thirds of the U.S. cigarette market, must take into account that these products do provide positive sensory experiences like feeling less harsh, which can support a misperception about their health benefit.

UK Chandler Medical Center to establish Kentucky prevention research center
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center researchers and physicians announced Aug.

New diagnostic test for lupus to bridge detection gap
Scientists at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have developed a new diagnostic test for lupus.

Children's personality features unchanged by short-term video play; long-term play likely to be governed by combined influences
Children who are either aggressive or empathic seem not to have those traits changed by short-term exposure to violent video games, according to new research being presented today at the 108th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (APA).
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