Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 08, 2000
Rotavirus vaccines may trigger diabetes
Infection with rotavirus, the commonest cause of gastro- enteritis, might trigger type-I diabetes in children, say Australian immunologists.

First-ever Technology Transfer Fair featured at ACS National Meeting
Representatives from more than 20 organizations will discuss their latest technology innovations at the Technology Transfer Fair, to be held August 21-22, as part of the 220th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Microscopic bone evidence supports dinosaur-bird evolution link
The notion that birds evolved from dinosaurs has come under assault with evidence of a feathered reptile that pre-dates birds.

A simple model for the formation of ice clouds
Ice clouds strongly affect the chemistry of the atmosphere and the radiant properties of the Earth.

Hummingbird studies raise questions about birdsong evolution
In a collaborative study, American and Brazilian scientists have discovered that hummingbirds, parrots and songbirds -- orders of birds that are evolutionarily distant from one another have evolved remarkably similar brain structures in order to learn to sing.

Nearly half of college students used tobacco in one-year period, according to JAMA study
The first national study to report on both cigarette and non- cigarette tobacco use by college students finds that nearly one-half of college students (46 percent) reported using tobacco products in the previous year.

Ancient lake sediments yield clues about future central plains drought cycles
Analyzing ancient sediments laid down in a North Dakota lake thousands of years ago, ecologists and earth scientists have found evidence of century-scale cycles of drought and moisture.

Arctic temperatures warmest in past four centuries, study says
Arctic temperatures in the late 20th century, which were the warmest in four centuries, have been accompanied by a variety of other environmental changes, according to a review paper published in mid-July by a group of the world's leading Arctic researchers.

Giant jellies invade Gulf of Mexico threatening shrimp fishery
Giant 'jellies' - up to two feet in diameter - have taken up residence in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

UF engineer: new method predicts severity of hurricane-driven waves
As Hurricane Alberto churns in the open Atlantic, a University of Florida coastal engineering professor says he has developed a new method to more accurately estimate the severity of waves near shore during hurricanes.

Cinnamon may help prevent diabetes type-II
An extract from cinnamon might help prevent or delay type II diabetes, which usually affects people in middle age.

Virginia Tech teams with US Army on exercise research
Stress fractures are debilitating and costly, and they pose a serious problem for physically active military personnel.

New shoes for speed freaks
New running shoes that dampen vibrations through the body could help shatter world records in the Sydney Olympics this year.

Strange quasicrystal metal alloys spring an electronic surprise
An international team of scientists has demonstrated that the electronic states of the strange metal alloys known as quasicrystals are more like those of ordinary metals than theorists believed possible.

Dairy scientist advances field of transgenics and knowledge of growth hormones
Virginia Tech dairy scientist R. Michael Akers has greatly advanced the understanding of mammary gland development, discovered new information about growth factors, and contributed to transgenic technology worldwide.

Development of cancer in older adults
A new study by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute offers fresh evidence for why certain cancers are more common in older adults.

Making an artificial eye move
A team of researchers at the University of Alberta is making artificial eyes move, giving patients more confidence after radical facial surgery.

Reading your mind
The emergence of conscious thought has been witnessed for the first time by monitoring brain activity.

PQRI workshop to address blend uniformity
The Product Quality Research Institute (PQRI) Workshop on Blend Uniformity will take place Sept.

Vion awarded NCI research contract for preliminary studies of TAPET® imaging of tumors
VION PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. announced that Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center and Vion have been awarded a $141,000 research contract by the National Cancer Institute to study the use of Vion's TAPETĀ® bacterial vector technology for the diagnostic imaging of tumors; to perform a preliminary investigation of TAPET-based tumor diagnostic imaging in preclinical animal models, as well as to determine the suitability of this approach for tumor diagnosis based on defined molecular signatures.

Adverse drug events in nursing homes: common and preventable
Medication-related injuries in nursing homes are common and often preventable according to authors of the largest study to date evaluating adverse drug events due to medication errors in US nursing homes.
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