Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 10, 2000
Researchers design test for visioning ability
Two Penn State researchers have fine-tuned a test measuring one of the key components of leadership: the ability to shape a long-range vision for one's company, church or local school district.

No AIDS-related viruses or chimpanzee DNA found in 1950's-era polio vaccine
Tests on 1950s-era Wistar Institute polio vaccine samples failed to find any traces of SIV, HIV-1, or chimpanzee DNA.

National conference to discuss changing rural landscapes
A national conference to understand the causes and consequences of rural land use changees will be held Sept.

Researchers work to combat dangerous aflatoxins
Recently, plant health scientists, gathered in New Orleans for their Annual Meeting, presented and discussed the latest advancements in controlling the fungi that produce aflatoxins (toxic chemicals that are known to cause cancer in animals).

The American Phytopathological Society announces award recipients
American Phytopathological Society (APS) awards were presented recently at the 2000 APS Annual Meeting, in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Sensors monitor white-hot aircraft brakes
'Too hot to handle' is no mere cliché for Air Force pilots and ground crews when an F-16 comes in for a landing.

Cigarette smoke chokes the heart
Cigarette smoking contributes to heart disease by choking off the heart's blood supply, according to a study in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researcher to address black congressional caucus on ways to increase African Americans in clinical trials
A University of Georgia researcher's success in recruiting and retaining older African Americans in a dietary intervention trial will be among the projects highlighted in a meeting of the Black Congressional Caucus on Friday, Sept.

Potent potential antibiotic found
After screening some 150,000 compounds, a University of Michigan College of Pharmacy team has found an especially promising prospect---a compound that is 10,000 times more effective than other known inhibitors of a key enzyme in Gram negative bacteria.

Marital researchers now can predict not only which couples will divorce but when they will split
Rsearchers studying the state of American marriages now can predict not only which couples will divorce but also when they will divorce.

Energy secretary announces plan to modernize Oak Ridge National Laboratory
OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Sept. 11, 2000--Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson today announced a five-year plan that is being developed to modernize facilities at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

Parkinsons brain implant treatment leaves no damage
A postmortem study at the Hospital of the Univeristy of Pennsylvania demonstrates that deep brain stimulation (DBS) used to suppress tremors in Parkinson's disease causes no anatomical damage to the brain.

Leading breast cancer researchers will present latest findings
A group of internationally renowned scientists and clinicians will discuss recent advances in the science and treatment of breast cancer at the second annual Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium on Friday, Sept.

UT Southwestern researchers discover protein that promotes cell death
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have discovered that the protein SMAC may lead to the development of drugs that eliminate cancerous cells.

Out of time: researchers recreate 1665 clock experiment to gain insight into modern synchronized oscillators
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have recreated the classic 1665 synchronized clock experiment to gain new insight into the operation of more modern coupled oscillators, which are becoming increasingly important in electronics and lasers.

Chronic lead contamination in San Francisco Bay shows long-term persistence of lead from past use of leaded gasoline
The use of lead as a gasoline additive was phased out years ago in California, but an enormous reservoir of lead- contaminated soils and river sediments remains in the Central Valley and will continue to contaminate the waters of San Francisco Bay for decades to come, according to a study by researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Walking in their shoes - psychiatrists experience the virtual reality of schizophrenia
Janssen Pharmaceutica today unveiled Paved with Fear, using state of the art technology to simulate the experience of having schizophrenia.

Oral formulation of antipsychotic offers 'user-friendly' alternative to injections for patients with acute psychosis
Although many physicians rely on intramuscular injections of antipsychotic drugs to treat patients who need emergency treatment for psychotic agitation, new research has found that the oral-solution form of Risperdal™ (risperidone) is just as effective and may be a more acceptable alternative for both caregivers and patients(1).

Nicotine addiction can start within a few days and after just a few cigarettes
The first symptoms of nicotine addiction can start within a few days of starting to smoke and after just a few cigarettes, shows a study in Tobacco Control.

ORNL supercomputer helping shed brighter light on fusion
Some of the secrets to achieving fusion energy may be unlocked by calculations developed by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and run on the lab's supercomputer.
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