Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 11, 2000
Workplace solvents may intensify Parkinson's disease
Jobs involving the use of common solvents can put people at risk for developing symptoms of Parkinson's disease earlier in life and more severe disease symptoms throughout its course, according to a study in the September 12 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Nicotine addiction can start within a few days and after just a few cigarettes
The first symptoms of nicotine addiction can start within a few days of starting to smoke, and after just a few cigarettes.

Manufacturers use chemical additives to mask environmental tobacco smoke
Cigarette manufacturers use a range of chemical additives to reduce the odour and visibility of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), show internal industry documents from the US Patent and Trademark Office online database and four US tobacco manufacturers' websites.

Wolves in Yellowstone may aid aspen recovery
A new study suggests that the decline of aspen groves in Yellowstone National Park, which is reaching crisis proportions, may be at least partly due to the elimination of wolves for much of the past century from the Yellowstone ecosystem.

Cattle, human genomes contain many identical genes
The most detailed map ever produced of cattle genes and the first comparison map of cattle and human genomes show that many genes, and even whole chromosomes, are configured in the same way in the two species, a team of scientists report.

Research measures migraine's impact on 'typical' sufferer, links migraine and depression
The first research to examine migraine's impact on the general population shows that even 'typical' migraine sufferers consistently report lower mental, physical and social well-being than people without migraines.

Program shown to help non-alcoholics reduce drinking 66%
A University of Michigan program for non-alcoholics who want to reduce their drinking and lower their health risk has helped more than 260 participants cut their alcohol intake by an average of 66 percent, new statistics show.

Combinaton of radiation and hormone suppression therapy shown to effectively treat early-stage prostate cancer
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Dana- Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) have found that combined radiation therapy (RT) and androgen suppression therapy (AST) is a more effective treatment for localized, early-stage prostate cancer compared to treatment using radiation therapy alone.

MIT tool impacts multi-billion dollar drug
MIT scientists and colleagues announce work that could impact the multi-billion dollar heparin industry and change how the FDA regulates that common anti-clotting drug.

Women perform better in math when tested without men, study says
A study of 164 Brown University undergraduates in 1998 and 1999 found women performed as well as men when they took math tests with other women, but did not perform as well when tested with men.

North American study aims to optimize stroke prevention in children with sickle cell disease
How long blood transfusions are needed to optimize stroke reduction and minimize transfusion-related problems in children with sickle cell disease is the focus of a new, federally funded study of 100 children at 20 sites across North America.

Study shows farm work appears to protect against breast cancer
US women who live on farms are less likely to develop breast cancer than other women, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows.

Lung function may predict long life or early death
How well your lungs function may predict how long you live.

RI offers nation a view of the future for higher quality end-of-life care
A Brown-led survey of 204 bereaved family members finds a need for better pain management, care planning, communication and pastoral counseling in RI nursing homes.

Chemotherapy and radiation together may help lung cancer patients live longer
Researchers at Jefferson Medical College have clinical trial results showing that giving advanced lung cancer patients a common chemotherapy drug at the same time they receive daily radiation may help them live longer.

Guidelines recommend EEG to evaluate children's first nonfebrile seizure
Children who experience a first seizure in the absence of fever or obvious precipitating cause should receive an EEG evaluation, according to new guidelines from the American Academy of Neurology and the Child Neurology Society.

Subliminal 'rats' ad could backfire on Bush, GOP
'Rats' the subliminal political commercial may prove to be one long bad memory for the national Republican Party, according to a researcher who was among the first to show that subliminal visual messages can influence human thought processes and decision making.

Advances in animal medicine increase quality of life for older pets
Within the past five to 10 years, veterinary medicine has seen some significant improvements in treatments for the maladies commonly faced by aging cats and dogs.

Anti-smoking adverts on TV can help smokers kick the habit
Anti-smoking adverts on TV can help win the war against ill health caused by smoking, shows research in Tobacco Control.

Anticipating devices of the future: study predicts unique properties of silicon nanowires just a few atoms in diameter
Large-scale simulations of silicon nanowires just several atoms in diameter have given device designers new clues about how these nanometer-scale devices will one day perform.

First evidence of recessive gene in Alzheimer's discovered
An unusually high incidence of Alzheimer's disease in an Arab community provides the first evidence that a recessive gene is involved in the disease, according to a study published in the September 12 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Chandra clinches case for unexpected black hole discovery
There's new evidence the universe is home to a type of black hole that's not too large and not too small.

Readers become part of the action through high-tech mixture of traditional storytelling and virtual reality in University of Washington's 'Magic Book'
University of Washington researchers have combined virtual reality with the real world to create
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