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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | September 18, 2000

Nabi reports successful reduction in S. aureus bacteremias at Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC)
Nabi-StaphVAX™, a new vaccine approach to preventing Staphylococcus aureus infections, dramatically reduced blood stream infections in a Phase III study in patients on hemodialysis who are at high risk of infection, according to results presented at ICAAC.
Long working days with too few hours' sleep slow responses as much as alcohol
After 17 to 19 hours of staying awake- a normal working day for many people- reaction times are up to 50 per cent slower than they are after drinking alcohol within the legally accepted limits.
Zebra mussel impact on microbenthic community low in Lake Erie
Ohio Sea Grant research by Robert Heath at Kent State University and Joseph Balczon of Westminster College, has found that unlike other aquatic nuisance species, zebra mussels may have little effect on microbenthic organisms in Lake Erie.
Effectiveness of nurse home visitation program to prevent child maltreatment limited in households with extensive domestic violence
A nurse home visitation program may not be effective at preventing child abuse and neglect in households with high number of incidents of domestic violence, according to an article in the September 20 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
New study suggests prostate screening should be done earlier, every two years
Although medical scientists still debate the effectiveness of prostate cancer screening known as serum prostate-specific antigen testing and even of prostate cancer treatments themselves, the PSA procedure is performed widely to detect the deadly illness earlier.
Annals of Internal Medicine tipsheet for September 19, 2000
1) Wine Associated With Lower Death Risk, Compared to Beer or Other Alcohol
2) Garlic Lowers Cholesterol Slightly But Is Not an Efficient Treatment
3) Measuring CD4 Counts and Viral Load Have Different Prognostic Values But Both Should Continue to Be Used To Evaluate Anti-HIV Therapy
4) FDA Researchers Say Placebo-Controlled Trials are Ethical and Often Scientifically Necessary
Can tomatoes protect against cancer?
Dietary antioxidants such as the common tomato have been identified as some of the strongest antioxidants and lycopene, a carotenoid pigment found in red fruits and vegetables, is one of the most potent antioxidants known.
Olive oil seems to protect against cancer
Olive oil seems to protect against bowel cancer, suggests research involving 28 countries.
Is your home at risk from wildfires?
Forest fires in the western states continue to grow, threatening more than just national park land.
No apparent connection between periodontal disease and coronary heart disease
A thorough study suggests there is little or no connection between periodontal disease and risk of coronary heart disease, according to researchers at the University of Washington School of Dentistry.
Bullying at work increases sick leave among employees
Bullying at work increases the amount of sick leave employees take, shows research in Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Lead-contaminated calcium supplements pose small but avoidable risk
Many calcium supplements contain small but detectable levels of lead, needlessly boosting consumers' exposure to the toxic heavy metal.
Radiotherapy booster cuts risk of breast cancer recurrence - findings should change practice, conference told
Giving extra radiotherapy to patients with early breast cancer substantially reduces the risk of cancer recurring in the breast, say results from a major international trial.
Abnormal heart rate recovery during treadmill exercise testing predicts subsequent mortality
Among patients referred for exercise electrocardiography, heart rate recovery is a strong, independent predictor of mortality, and provides additional prognostic information over and above conventional treadmill test scores, according to an article in the September 20 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.
Editorial calls for making defibrillators available for home use to save lives of heart attack victims
One of the nation's most respected emergency room doctors says that we should put defibrillators in homes to save lives.
Study evaluates dosage adjustments of Agenerase
A study that evaluated dosage adjustments of the protease inhibitor (PI) Agenerase® (amprenavir) capsules in HIV patients treated with efavirenz or nevirapine, antiretroviral (ART) agents known to affect the plasma levels of amprenavir, was presented here today at the 40th annual meeting of the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC).
Worsening urban air pollution won't increase global temperature over next 100 years
Researchers using a new climate change model developed at MIT have concluded that urban air pollution, which is expected to increase significantly in the next century, will not have a great effect on global surface temperature.
Study challenges mammogram effectiveness in breast screening
Annual mammograms do not lower breast cancer deaths in women aged 50 to 59 who are also receiving professional breast physical examinations and have training in breast self- examination, say University of Toronto researchers reporting on the Canadian National Breast Screening Study-2 (CNBSS).
Low dose internal radiotherapy prevents artery narrowing
Low dose internal beta radiation can prevent artery re- narrowing after balloon angioplasty in patients with blocked coronary arteries, say results from a 50-centre US and European randomised trial.
Stronger goals are needed for program to benefit uninsured children
Although a glance at recent federal and state legislation suggests impoverished children will receive unprecedented health care in the new millennium, a deeper look reveals flaws that need immediate attention, according to a recent study.
Study suggests greater pressure on family care as baby boom ages
Future long-term care needs may take a heavy toll on families and public budgets, according to a new study.
Wisconsin team narrows search for Higgs boson
With time running out for Europe's largest particle accelerator, a team of University of Wisconsin physicists may be tantalizingly close to being among the first to see the Higgs boson, the subatomic particle that is responsible for endowing all matter with mass.
Global climate change and health
In the second article in the Canadian Medical Association Journal series on environment and health, Dr.

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