Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 21, 2000
Use of complementary and alternative medicine before surgery poses risk to patient safety
A new study by Columbia Presbyterian researchers cautions patients about to undergo cardiac surgery on the risk for potential adverse reactions from the use of alternative and complementary medicines.

Too few intensive care cots for newborns to cope with demand
Demand for neonatal intensive care in the UK outstrips supply, finds research in this week's BMJ.

Northwestern receives NSF funding for information technology research
Recent grants from the National Science Foundation will aid two Northwestern University research teams, one that is designing special robots to assist humans in heavy materials handling to prevent injury and another that is developing technology to distribute, via the Internet, the use of computer software for large-scale optimization problems.

Researcher proves fetuses hears at 30 weeks
Reseachers at Queen's University have demonstrated for the first time that the human fetus can hear by the eighth month of pregnancy.

Findings of Griffiths review into allegations of research misconduct fundamentally flawed
'Almost every statement made about the design, conduct, and reporting of the neonatal CNEP trial in the Griffiths report was ill informed, misguided, or factually wrong,' concludes a review of its findings in this week's BMJ.

Attachment helps young children inhale asthma medications, UF researcher says
Although the electronic nebulizer has long been favored by practitioners, a University of Florida clinical pharmacist wants parents and physicians to know they have another option - a device that cheaply and effectively delivers asthma medicine in a fraction of the time, without the need for electricity and with fewer side effects - the metered-dose inhaler.

Conservation under the shade coffee canopy: ant-bird interactions in Panama croplands
Shade grown coffee has become increasingly fashionable among American consumers.

Social support during pregnancy can affect fetal growth and birth weight
An infant's birth weight may be affected by the amount of social support the mother receives during pregnancy, according to a new study.

NASA Marshall Center selects Hernandez Engineering for $35 million contract
NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., has selected Hernandez Engineering, Inc. of Houston, Tex., for a contract to provide mission services to Marshall's Safety and Mission Assurance Office.

Twins are significantly less likely to have asthma than singletons
Twins run less risk of developing asthma than singletons, reports a study in this week's BMJ.

Abrupt withdrawal of drugs to prepare for surgery can be dangerous
Abruptly stopping drug treatments before surgery can be dangerous and increase the risk of postoperative complications, suggests an editorial in this week's BMJ.

Temple's Sisters in Science sport science program to help girls learn science of sports
Middle school girls in Philadelphia will learn the science behind sports this fall during Temple University's Sisters in Sport Science program.

Stress may cause abdominal fat accumulation in otherwise slender women
Lean women who are vulnerable to the effects of stress may be more likely to accumulate excess abdominal fat -- increasing their risk for certain diseases, the results of a preliminary study indicate.

A highly conserved mechanism used during the development of zebrafish and fruitfly eyes points to a common evolutionary origin of animal eyes
The eyes of vertebrates and invertebrates are structurally so different that it has been believed they evolved independently.

Johns Hopkins enters suit over lab animal regulations
The Johns Hopkins University asked a federal court today for permission to intervene in a dispute in which animal rights activists are seeking to make biomedical experiments with mice and rats virtually impossible to conduct.

New device studied for diagnosing precancerous, cancerous changes in the cervix
A device that uses light energy to rapidly diagnose precancerous and cancerous changes of the cervix is under study at the Medical College of Georgia.

Babies born to diabetic mothers four times as likely to die as those born to healthy mothers
The babies of diabetic mothers in northeast England are four times as likely to die as those born to healthy mothers, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Discovery of armored viruses may inspire new designs for nanotechnology
Anyone suffering from a cold knows how tough and persistent viruses can be.

Vacations may improve your health
Going on vacation may be more than just a frivolous pleasure -- it may actually be good for your health, according to a study of men at high risk for heart disease.

Exercise may be a viable alternative to antidepressants
Regular exercise may combat depression as effectively as antidepressants, say the results of a new study.

Snapping shrimp drown out sonar with bubble-popping trick, described in Science
The oceans' shallow waters are noisy places. Loudest of all are the colonies of snapping shrimp, whose underwater cacophony is the bane of military and scientific efforts to 'see' through the ocean using sonar.
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