Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 24, 2000
The internet in Latin America: the lessons of connectivity
OTTAWA - Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) has been supporting various research projects designed to assist Caribbean and Latin American countries in using the Internet as a development tool.

Language production tasks can shift from left to right brain hemispheres after damage
Columbia-Presbyterian researchers find evidencereport that rather than being completely 'hard wired', structures on one side of the brain can take over certain language functions normally achieved by a damaged region on the opposite side. side.

Study: supply chain savings jump 22% for companies that use I.T. to cut lead time
Manufacturers and retailers that use improvements in information technology to shorten the time it takes to produce and deliver a product can realize an average 22% savings in supply chain costs, according to a study published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

Researchers battle drug-resistant HIV on promising new ground
Researchers believe they have found a promising new battleground for HIV, the virus that causes AIDS: a portion of the virus that is unaffected by its myriad mutations.

Management of osteoarthritis pain
A leading rheumatologist comments on new guidelines for osteoarthritis treatment.

One-third of the American diet is junk food: The other two-thirds don't achieve 100% of the recommended daily allowance
One-third of the average American's diet is made up of

Scientists develop chemical switch for natural signaling molecules, opening new approach to biomedical research and drug design
Applying the tools of chemistry where modern genetic techniques have so far fallen short, a team led by a University of California, San Francisco scientist has developed drug-like inhibitors to study vital signaling molecules essential for almost all cell activity.

Teens, women, and whites more vulnerable than others to becoming nicotine-dependent
An analysis of data from the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse interviews with 22,292 smokers showed that adolescents, women, and whites are particularly vulnerable to developing nicotine-dependence symptoms.

Defense Department awards Stanford nearly $5.3 million for a 'revolutionary' biosciences project
Imagine using the principles of air traffic control to unlock the mystery of why animal cells grow.

Research breakthrough for fiber optic communications: single-crystal semiconductor lasers grown in one step will function as low-cost transmitters
A University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) research group has successfully demonstrated operation of a high performance long-wavelength (1.55 mm) Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) grown as a single semiconductor crystal.

Delving into the nanoscopic
Dr. Hagai Cohen of the Weizmann Institute Chemical Services and Prof.

Vast majority of depressed teens do not get needed psychiatric treatment
Approximately 80 percent of depressed teenagers do not get necessary psychiatric medical treatment, a new study found.

Disposable nappies may explain the increase in male infertility
The use of disposable nappies may explain the increase in male infertility over the past 25 years.

UF pilot study shows massage, relaxation reduce sickle cell anemia pain
Scientific scrutiny of massage is showing it not only kneads away stress and soothes sore muscles, it can ease pain, tension and fatigue for those suffering from several medical conditions, including cancer and low-back problems.

Rutgers plant genome research receives multimillion-dollar NSF awards
The National Science Foundation has awarded five-year funding for plant genome research to researchers Eric Lam of Rutgers' Biotech Center, who will receive approximately $4.3 million, and Joachim Messing, director of Rutgers' Waksman Institute of Microbiology, who will receive about $1.2 million on a project managed by University of Florida.

October Geology and GSA Today highlights
Articles of interest address: earthquake hazards in coastal southern California; fracturing on Europa, the icy moon of Jupiter; the question of whether evolution is controlled by external or internal forces; new insights into the late Paleocene thermal maximum and its environmental impacts; arguments for a protracted, multistage amalgamation of the supercontinent Rodinia; and remote sensing of gases emitted by active volcanoes.

First ever transplantation of skeletal muscle cells into patient's heart to test whether the cells can repair damaged heart muscle
To test whether it will improve cardiac function, Temple University Hospital physicians have transplanted a patient's own skeletal muscle cells (autologous myoblasts) directly into a damaged area of his heart.

High rate of heart-related deaths found in HIV-infected children
For the first time researchers have linked heart failure to increased risk of death in children with HIV, according to a study in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Personality disorders among youths increase risk for crime
Columbia-Presbyterian researchers have found that personality disorders among youths may increase risk for criminal and violent behavior during adolescence and young adulthood.

Harvard Medical School new digital library to feature MD Consult full text medical resources
In one of the nation's largest online clinical information initiatives sponsored by a medical institution, Harvard Medical School announced today that it will launch a pilot project called the Digital Library featuring MD Consult's comprehensive full text medical resources.

American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene holds annual meeting in Houston, October 29-November 2
Media representatives are invited to attend the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, October 29th-November 2, 2000, at the Western Galleria and Oaks Hotel, Houston, Texas.
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