Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 26, 2000
Cutting-edge TV technology arrives at NASA; First high-definition equipment from Dreamtime readied for missions
Specialists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama have received, assembled and tested the first of a two-phase high-definition television equipment package provided by NASA's multimedia commercial partner, Dreamtime Holdings Inc.

New lab could help robots "feel" more like humans
If robots are going to have a sense of

Four new NSF centers will explore methods to create innovative materials
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced the establishment of four new Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSECs) that will explore innovative materials and stimulate the integration of research and education in the field of materials science.

Researchers receive federal funds to study marine organisms and potential products on oil platforms
A treasure trove of biological material, in the array of marine organisms -- from starfish to mussels to sponges -- attached to oil platforms or living around them, will be studied intensively in a search for potential medicines and products, as a result of a cooperative agreement and award from the U.

Johns Hopkins surgeon develops new technique to improve breast cancer detection and surgery
A Johns Hopkins breast surgeon has developed an important new way to find breast cancers that would otherwise go undetected by existing techniques.

Committee calls for improved tracking, action to cut rate of new HIV infections
U.S. efforts to thwart the spread of HIV -- the virus that causes AIDS -- have slowed rapid growth of the epidemic, but the number of new infections remains unacceptably high, a national committee has concluded.

Dietary patterns predict heart attack risk in middle-aged men
In research published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Hu and colleagues tracked the food consumption of 44,875 men and identified two dietary patterns which they labeled as either 'prudent' or 'Western.' Men who adhered to the prudent dietary pattern had one-third the risk of cardiovascular disease of those who stuck most closely to the Western pattern.

New long term survival figures give hope to breast cancer patients
Adjuvant treatment can prevent late relapse in breast cancer patients, say results from a new worldwide overview of 300 trials and 200 000 patients.

Pandas use sexy smells to attract partners
Female pandas use sexy smells to advertise to potential mates, say American and Chinese researchers.

New knee replacement offers increased flexibility that will not cramp style of active individuals
A new artificial knee joint implant provides patients with a higher degree of flexibility, up to 155 degrees compared with 133 degreees in existing knee implants.

Holding parents accountable: soccer kids need protection, say doctors of chiropractic
Although soccer can be a great overall sport for children, some youngsters are enduring mild to severe head traumas, neck injuries, damage to the cervical spine, headache, neck pain, dizziness, irritability, and insomnia as a result of their participation, according to the September 2000 issue of the Journal of the American Chiropractic Association (JACA).

Origin of salts in the 'Dry Valleys' of Antarctica provide clues to atmospheric deposition on Mars
Chemists at the University of California, San Diego have discovered that the mysteriously high salt concentrations in exposed soils of Antarctica's Dry Valleys are due in large part to biological sulfur emissions in the oceans surrounding the continent.

'Realities' of AIDS epidemic shared at IHV science meeting
Everyone shares a moral imperative to help places hardest hit by the AIDS epidemic.

Byrnes named as Skinner professor
Christopher I. Byrnes, Ph.D., dean of the School of Engineering and Applied Science at Washington University in St.

NSF awards Brown $7 million for materials and engineering center
The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at Brown University has been awarded $7 million by the National Science Foundation.

Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lab receives $6 million grant to decipher protein structures
Now that a map of the human genome is nearly complete, scientists face a new challenge - understanding the form and function of the proteins our genes produce.

Five New York City research institutions collaborate to study 3-D structures of proteins
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), part of the U.S. government's National Institutes of Health, awarded the New York Structural Genomics Research Consortium (NYSGRC) $4.5 million to develop high-speed methods to decipher the three-dimensional structures of proteins.

Graduate School of Public Health at University of Pittsburgh receives $1.6 million grant to train public health workers
A federal grant of $1.6 million to the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health will help Ohio and Pennsylvania public health workers to upgrade their professional skills.

Major new initiative to resolve structure of protein families
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences has launched the

Researchers discover major diabetes susceptibility gene
For the first time, a genome-wide approach has identified a susceptibility gene for a common, genetically complex disorder.

Neuronal stem cells are transplanted into diseased eye, extend into optic nerve
Neural progenitor cells transplanted to the diseased retina of rats have integrated into the eye, taken on some of the characteristics of retinal cells and extended into the optic nerve, a necessary prerequisite to re-establishing connections to the brain, researchers report.

Americans still consume one-third of calories from low-nutrient 'tip of the pyramid'
Energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods (EDNP's), which are generally rich in fats, oils and sugars, continue to be consumed at the same rate that they were in the 1970's in the USA, according to recent research published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Rising rates of overweight among preschoolers in developing countries
Despite rising rates of overweight among preschoolers in some developing countries, undernutrition remains a major public health burden in most of these regions, according to new research published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.In infants and children ranging from 0-5 years of age, the overall global prevalence of overweight was 3.3%, with some countries having very high rates of both overweight and wasting.

Left-handedness is not necessarily the kiss of death
Although the percentage of left-handed people among those over age 60 is lower than in the rest of the population, there is no indication that left-handedness leads to an early demise.

Researchers discover new genetic culprit in type 2 diabetes
HHMI researchers at the University of Chicago have identified a new genetic culprit in type 2 diabetes.

Ice-breakers drive whales away
Noisy ice-breakers in the Arctic may be frightening beluga whales away from their preferred habitat.

New test predicts complications in diabetes
A new blood test predicts which diabetes patients are likely to develop complications.

Clearing minefields has just gotten worse
Clearing minefields is difficult enough without robotic landmines that hop into gaps in minefields that have been cleared.

ARICEPT better tolerated than Exelon in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease
ARICEPT is better tolerated than Exelon in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease, according to the first head- to-head study between the two drugs.
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