Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 28, 2000
Decision to abolish gender testing at Sydney Olympics supported by Yale physician
The International Olympic Committee decided to abolish gender testing at the summer Olympics in Sydney, on a trial basis.

USGS scientists warn: West Nile virus is on the move
Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey in Madison, Wisc., confirmed today that West Nile virus is on the move and is likely to head south.

How Salmonella bacteria protect against death by iron
HHMI researchers have discovered a survival mechanism that Salmonella bacteria employ to detect and protect themselves from high levels of iron in the environment.

New Madrid earthquakes still threaten the central United States, scientists conclude
The threat of large earthquakes striking the New Madrid seismic zone remains all too real for people in St.

Little-known substance regulates inflammatory response
University of Chicago researchers show that A20 plays a critical role in controlling inflammation.

Beauchamp named to direct Vanderbilt's Section of Surgical Sciences
Dr. R. Daniel Beauchamp, James L. Sawyers Chair in Surgery and associate director of clinical programs for the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, will be Vanderbilt University's next director of the Section of Surgical Sciences, officials announced today.

Hepatitis C initiative expands to new centers
A multidisciplinary scientific coalition is expanding its investigation of acute and chronic infection caused by the hepatitis C virus.

High dose chemotherapy effective in patients with recurrent testicular cancer
High-dose chemotherapy followed by stem-cell transplantation offers new hope to testicular cancer patients who experience cancer recurrence.

Scientists spot way around cystic fibrosis cells' poor performance, way to improve drug testing
Exploiting what appears to be a newly found regulator of cystic fibrosis chemistry, scientists at Johns Hopkins report they have been able to experimentally improve the function of the cell molecule most affected by this common inherited disorder.

The digital divide: can the Internet improve the health of developing nations?
Despite the Internet being hailed as one of the potential solutions to improving the health of populations in developing countries, the current digital divide is far more dramatic than any other inequity in health or income, according to a paper in this week's BMJ.

International research often unethical and irrelevant
International research is often unethical and irrelevant to the needs of developing countries, argues Professor Solomon Benatar of the University of Cape Town's Bioethics Centre, in this week's BMJ.

CPR training for parents of high-risk neonates improves family adjustment at home
Cardiopulmonary (CPR) training can relieve stress for parents and improve survival outcomes for infants at high risk for cardiopulmonary arrest, a new study has found.

NASA, Lockheed Martin agree on X-33 plan
NASA and Lockheed Martin have agreed on a plan to go forward with the X-33 space plane program, to include aluminum fuel tanks for the vehicle's hydrogen fuel, a revised payment schedule and a target launch date in 2003.

New prostate cancer prognostic tool can help patients make treatment decisions
A new prognostic tool, developed at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, could aid physicians and patients in decision making regarding treatment options for early stage prostate cancer, and in identifying those patients who are at high risk of recurrence following radiation therapy.

NSF recommends funding for 24 partnerships to foster local innovation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has recommended awards for 24 projects in communities around the country to help translate knowledge gained from basic research into new products, businesses and services, as well as to provide workforce education and training opportunities focused on innovation.

Master material-maker provides the stuff for Harvard and Chicago experiments reported in Science
Arthur Gossard of the University of California at Santa Barbara is an author of two unrelated articles in the Sept.

Can anti-oestrogens prevent breast cancer? We'll know in five years says cancer specialist
Tamoxifen has been approved by the FDA for risk reduction in women at high risk of breast cancer, but European experts are more cautious.

Male infertility linked to testicular cancer
Men who have infertility problems have an increased risk of developing testicular cancer, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Too many medically unwarranted circumcisions being done in England
Too many English boys, especially those under the age of 5, are being needlessly circumcised reveals a study in this week's BMJ.

Government and industry team up to battle infectious diseases
A new initiative launched today encourages private-sector involvement in attacking several of the world's most deadly infectious diseases.

FERCO announces results of 2000 Archaeology Grant Competition
Research projects on ancient civilizations in Asia, North and South America and Europe have been funded by grants from the Foundation for Exploration and Research on Cultural Origins (FERCO) in Tenerife, Canary Islands.

Radiation safe and effective for treating breast cancer patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations
To answer concerns of patients and physicians, researchers in the U.S. and Canada examined whether radiation therapy could be safely delivered to women with early stage breast cancer and BRCA1 or BRCA2 genetic mutations - and found that it can.

Offshore oil and gas platforms could provide more than just fuel; cures for cancer and AIDS could be at stake
A $1.1 million study at LSU will examine the marine organisms that cling to the legs of offshore oil and gas platforms to see if they have any pharmaceutical value.

New data suggest anakinra may accelerate reduction in joint destruction and improve quality of life for rheumatoid arthritis patients
Amgen announced anakinra or interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), an investigational rheumatoid arthritis therapy not yet approved by the U.S.

Getting new drugs to patients - approvals process needs streamlining
Duplication of regulatory processes between the USA and Europe means delays in getting new drugs and treatments to patients.

U.S. cancer expert calls for new thinking on clinical trials and drug spend
Major changes to the way clinical trials are conducted are imperative to avoid unacceptable delays in getting new cancer treatments on to the market.

NIH funds unique diabetes program that combines research with technology development
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a $4.6 million, five-year grant that will allow UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas technology researchers and biologists to work together to develop new therapies for type II diabetes mellitus.
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