Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 16, 2000
Initial results from first international trial of immunotherapy show it may help some melanoma patients
Preliminary results from the first ever Phase III trial of immunotherapy show that it has no advantage in melanoma patients with advanced disease.

The environment and cancer
In the fourth article in the Canadian Medical Association Journal series on Environment and Health, Dr.

Construction of new South Pole begins
Several major construction projects will begin or be completed during the 2000-2001 Antarctic research season which are significant milestones toward opening a modern and environmentally sound scientific station at the South Pole in 2005.

Colorectal cancer screening cost effective in increasing life expectancy
Screening for colorectal cancer is as cost effective as other forms of cancer screening, and deaths from colorectal cancer can be significantly reduced with even a single colonoscopy at age 55, according to an article in the October 18 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

New obesity treatment program to sustain weight loss, UCSF study finds
An obesity treatment that avoids restrictive diets and weight loss drugs, but instead focuses on training individuals in developing two fundamental internal skills, has resulted in weight loss that was sustained for six years, according to a new University of California, San Francisco study.

A dash of adventure leavens the cutting-edge science of 2000 Antarctic research season
Scientists supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) will attempt to

Study backs drug choice for initial Parkinson's treatment
Doctors now have an alternative in how they treat patients newly diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.

Canada's social safety net missing the hungry
The 1994 national Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth included questions about whether children had experienced hunger.

Initial awards announced under new international bioethics education and career development award
The Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announces the funding of five initial awards and three planning grants to institutions in developing countries under the new International Bioethics Education and Career Development Award Program.

Millions of women of childbearing age still lack health insurance
The number of American women of childbearing age lacking health insurance has not significantly improved since 1998, with nearly 12 million women -- one in five -- uninsured, according to new data commissioned by the March of Dimes from the U.S.

National Science Board to Meet (October 19)
Journalists are invited to attend the next open session of the National Science Board (NSB) on Thursday, October 19, at the National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Room 1235, Arlington, Va.

Brain size in premature infants significantly smaller than full-term babies
Brain scans of children born prematurely show key areas of the brain are much smaller than those of children born at full-term, a study by Yale researchers has found.The study published in the October 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association is believed to be the first time brain volume is measured in children born prematurely.

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tip Sheet, October 17, 2000
1) Study Finds Colonoscopy Cost-Effective in Screening for Colorectal Cancer; 2) Smoking is Associated With Kidney Damage; 3) Better Access to Information About Clinical Trials in New Registry on Web

Randomized trials vs. clinical reality
The use of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) instead of intubation in cases of acute respiratory failure has become more widespread over the past decade, but its use and outcomes in the clinical setting are uncertain.

New technique will improve delivery of drugs and gene therapy for cystic fibrosis patients
Johns Hopkins researchers have successfully targeted aerosol particles to smaller, harder to reach airways in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis (CF).

New wave of exorcisms seen; some people can be convinced they witnessed a demonic possession as a child
Re-release of

Physicians need to counsel patients about online health information
More people are using the Internet to find health information on their own and physicians and other medical professionals need to take a more active role in helping patients evaluate such online data, according to a study by doctors from Duke University Medical Center and an Illinois clinic.

The pathway of estrogen metabolism affects breast-cancer risk, UB research shows
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have found that the development of breast cancer appears to be related to how the body breaks down estrogen.
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