Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 22, 2000
Improving quality of life for brain cancer patients is reasonable goal, study shows
In the first study of its kind, Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have used standardized methods to identify neurologic and psychiatric problems in adult brain tumor patients shortly after diagnosis, opening a doorway to improving certain issues affecting patients' quality of life.

Fox Chase Cancer Center study links oxygen levels and angiogenesis in prostate cancer
A new study demonstrates a significant association between a lack of oxygen in prostate cancer cells and the increased expression of the angiogenesis marker, endothelial growth factor or VEGF.

Lifepoint reports performance results of THC detection in human saliva at American College Of Emergency Physicians
LifePoint, Inc. presented results showing their ability to detect THC in human saliva with its LifePoint™ Test System - an automated flow immunoassay that rapidly and simultaneously detects alcohol and NIDA-5 Drugs (THC, PCP, opiates, cocaine, amphetamines/methamphetamines).

Two years of hormone suppression in prostate cancer patients improves recurrence and survival
A Phase III trial examining the use of long-term hormone suppression with radiation in locally advanced prostate cancer shows that the treatment can prevent recurrence and improve survival.

Serious head injuries linked to Alzheimer's disease
A new analysis of head injuries among World War II veterans links serious head injury in early adulthood with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in later life.

Northwestern program aims at revealing genetic causes of spina bifida
Researchers at Northwestern University Medical School and Duke University Medical Center are analyzing DNA samples from families whose children have spina bifida to determine which genetic traits are found more often in these families, how these genes interact with each other and the environment and which genes may increase risk for spina bifida.

Progress in auditory hair cell studies in birds points way to possible human hearing improvement
Scientists have known for years that birds' ears do something human ears cannot: when hair cells in the avian ear are destroyed, the bird goes deaf only temporarily.

Fogarty International Center announces new AIDS international training and research program grants
FIC has awarded $15 million to fund new awards to U.S. universities under the fourth funding cycle of the FIC AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP).

Virco first to introduce drug-specific biological cut-offs for its HIV resistance tests
Data presented today at the 5th International Congress on Drug Therapy in HIV Infection identified and discussed new drug-specific, biological cut-off values developed by Virco for its HIV drug resistance tests.

Rise in non-communicable diseases commands pharmaceutical scientists' attention
The AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition:

UK scientists make major advance with novel chromosome testing technique
UK scientists have made a major advance in assisted reproductive techniques by developing a method that has allowed them, for the first time, to check the copy number of all the chromosomes in virtually every cell of a test-tube embryo.

Sea Grant and CTDEP announce $3.5M for LI Sound lobster research
The Sea Grant programs in New York and Connecticut, along with the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (CTDEP), jointly invite scientists to apply for approximately $3.5 million in federal and state funds that will be awarded in a national competition for research projects to investigate the causes of mortality and shell disease syndrome in Long Island Sound lobsters.

Quality of life study examines therapies for lung cancer; outcome suggests tailoring therapy
A new study shows that age dramatically affects quality of life outcomes for patients undergoing treatment for inoperable lung cancer.

Biocomplexity study in Lake Ontario bays and lagoons
A $3 million NSF grant will enable a five-year study by Cornell University, the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry at Syracuse and Syracuse University of how physical, biological and human interactions shape the ecosystems of Lake Ontario's freshwater bays and lagoons.

Human organs for transplants shortage is focus of 'Choices and Challenges' forum
Who is entitled to receive human organs when the supply is so limited?

Jefferson study shows women with very early breast cancer and an inherited breast cancer gene at greater risk for second breast cancers
Researchers have found that women with early breast cancer carrying a breast cancer susceptibility gene and who have had radiation and lumpectomy have a greater risk of relapsing or developing new tumors in the same or opposite breast compared to women who had similar treatment but don't carry the gene.

Book discusses women as mathematicians
The proportion of women earning Ph.D.s in mathematics fell to a record during 1940-1959.

Insect defenses point the way to defeating bacterial antibiotic resistance
Insects dominate the animal kingdom, partly because of their remarkable immune systems.

Mandatory asthma screening needed in high-risk groups, Jefferson researcher says
Schools are underestimating the prevalence of asthma among their young students and the students themselves all too often ignore their symptoms and don't realize they have asthma, a recent Jefferson Medical College survey shows.

Drug shows early promise in protecting lungs from radiation damage
Results from a study using rats demonstrate that a currently used drug could also be used to protect lung tissue from damage from radiation therapy aimed at tumors in or near the lungs, Duke University researchers report.

Predicting risk of lung damage from radiation should lead to improved treatment
By using a simple blood test, Duke University Medical Center researchers report they are able to stratify patients into groups with low, medium or high risk of lung damage from radiation, which offers the opportunity of tailoring treatment and improving the chances of effective radiotherapy.

NEAR Shoemaker closes in for unprecedented view of asteroid
On Oct. 26, after more than eight months in orbit around asteroid Eros, the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft will swoop to within 3 miles, taking images and collecting data from a distance closer than any spacecraft has ever come to an asteroid.
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