Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 23, 2000
Lead accelerates aging process years after exposure
Lead exposure on the job can cause progressive declines in memory and learning abilities nearly two decades later, according to a study in the October 24 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Radiation therapy controls voicebox tumors and saves voice
Radiation therapy controls tumors of the voicebox almost as well as surgery, according to a new study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Millennium and Bayer industrializing drug discovery process through ongoing successful research alliance
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Bayer AG are moving more than 70 disease-relevant validated drug targets into high- throughput screening or lead identification in the first two years of their five-year alliance.

Arrival of first baby doesn't mean wife's marital satisfaction has to take big nose dive
The frequent sharp decline in a wife's marital satisfaction after the arrival of a first baby isn't inevitable, say University of Washington researchers who have uncovered a

Montana State solar physicist receives nation's top award for young scientists
A Montana State University-Bozeman physicist who studies the sun received one of the nation's top honors for young scientists today during a White House ceremony.

Fox Chase Cancer Center study: some prostate cancers may be more sensitive to radiation treatment
Radiation treatment for prostate cancer is more effective in tumor cells in which the DNA is structurally compact.

Could bacterial infection be responsible for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
A common bacterium implicated in peptic ulcers and heart disease may also be a cause of sudden unexpected death in babies (SIDS), suggests research in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Sexually transmitted infections as likely among lesbians as among heterosexual women
Women who have sex with women are just as much at risk of sexually transmitted infections as heterosexual women, finds a study in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

UCSF-led study offers insight into cancer development, resistance to therapy: finding focuses on Ras oncogene
UCSF-led scientists have determined that under certain conditions the Ras oncogene, a key culprit in many cancers, suppresses the function of the p53 tumor-suppressor gene, offering an important insight into the development of some cancers, and an explanation for why some cancers are resistant to radiation therapy.

President honors top junior faculty in science and engineering
President Clinton today named 20 National Science Foundation (NSF)-supported researchers as recipients of the 2000 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE).

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy: new technique improves quality of life for head and neck cancer patients
A new radiation treatment technique that targets head and neck tumors without completely destroying the salivary glands saves patients long-term discomfort and enables them to function more normally, a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Radiation therapy may be safe after all for women with breast cancer gene mutations
Women with breast cancer who carry the BRCA 1 or 2 genetic mutations might not have to fear having radiation therapy as previously thought.

Many uninsured adults do not receive needed medical care
American adults without health insurance are less likely than insured adults to receive preventive care or routine checkups, and more likely to report they could not see a physician because of cost, according to an article in JAMA, a theme issue on access to care.

'Unheralded safety net' providing state health practitioners for under-served areas
To their surprise, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and colleagues have identified scores of programs around the United States that provide scholarships, loan forgiveness plans and incentives to doctors and others to practice in medically under-served areas.

Beta radiation treatment can prevent repeat blockages in vessels after angioplasty, new study shows
Delivering beta radiation following angioplasty may prevent new blockages from forming in the stents placed in heart vessels, according to results of a multi-center study headed by researchers at the University of Maryland Medical Center in Baltimore.

Dinosaurs: New study counters age-old theory
Movies and TV programs show long-necked dinosaurs raising their heads vertically to browze on the treetops, but an Adelaide University researcher has just published new data that suggests otherwise; they wouldn't have had the heart for it.

Boys still 'weaker' sex at birth despite improvements in treatment
Newborn boys, particularly those born very prematurely, seem to be more susceptible to death and illness than girls, finds new research.

Designer lighting and ecological benefits from the same advance: tiny Sandia laser generates ultraviolet light
It won't be found in tanning salons, but the first ultraviolet (UV) solid-state microcavity laser has been demonstrated in prototype by scientists at the Sandia National Laboratories and Brown U.

The fabled myrrh may fight cholesterol
The extract from a tree in the fabled myrrh family of plants is being investigated by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine for properties that may lower cholesterol.

Colorado University researchers show family helpful in treatment of bipolar disorder
Patients battling the often crippling effects of bipolar disorder now may have another ally in their fight to control the disease - their own family members, according to researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Little convincing evidence for herbal medicines to treat asthma
Despite their widespread use among asthmatics, there is little definitive evidence that herbal medicines reduce asthma symptoms, shows research in Thorax.

Virginia Tech offers mini-conference on nanoscience/engineering
Scientists from across the country will speak during the Virginia Tech Mini-Conference on Nanoscience/Engineering Nov.

NHLBI publishes update on high blood pressure in pregnancy
Evidence-based medicine and consensus are the foundation for the NHLBI National High Blood Pressure Education Program's Working Group Report on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy.

Researchers find new, more accurate way to detect precancerous and curable-stage colorectal cancer
Mayo Clinic researchers working in collaboration with scientists at EXACT Laboratories, Inc. of Maynard, Mass have developed a new, non-invasive test that was 91 percent sensitive for detecting cancer throughout the colon, according to a study released today in the journal Gastroenterology.

Access to substance abuse treatment for Medicaid clients
Researchers at the Oregon Health Sciences University found that implementation of a capitated substance abuse benefit appeared to increase access to related services for state Medicaid clients in Oregon.

Comprehensive follow-up care for high risk infants effective method to reduce life-threatening illness
A program that provided more comprehensive follow-up care for high-risk infants, including 24-hour access to care, had better outcomes and lower overall costs estimates when compared with routine follow-up care, according to an article in the October 25 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on access to care.
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