Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 24, 2000
Emory-led research group awarded NCI grant for developing novel anti-cancer drugs
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded a $3.8 million grant to establish a National Cooperative Drug Discovery Group (NCDDG) at Emory University in conjunction with the University of Georgia and Wayne State University.

Researchers explain decade-old riddle: why does silicon energy barrier exist?
Chemists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have answered an important decade-old scientific riddle that has been the subject of hundreds of research papers about hydrogen - the simplest element - and properties of silicon, which are at the heart of the microelectronics revolution.

When ball meets bat, the hands no longer matter: Physicist shows that grip does not make a difference during contact
In a new paper, a University of Illinois researcher says the grip on the bat during contact with a baseball does nothing to affect the power delivered to the ball.

UC Davis offers new type of hearing aid
A new type of hearing aid for people who are unable to wear conventional ones because of chronic ear drainage, skin irritation or ear malformation is available from the Department of Otolaryngology at UC Davis Medical Center.

ORNL sees increase in sales of radioisotope to fight cancer
OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Oct. 25, 2000 - Sales of radioisotopes to treat cancer increased significantly this year at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), although overall revenue from radioisotopes declined.

Tumor cells made more sensitive to radiation by blocking a key cellular molecule
In recent years, cancer researchers have sought ways to make tumors more receptive to treatment.

New research shows major sleep disturbances overlooked in management of patients with Parkinson's disease
Sleep fragmentation/nocturnal symptoms, and its implications are serious neglected symptoms in PD.

November GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY highlights
Topics this month include the new Los Angeles martian meteorite, a study of impact ejecta on Earth through geologic time, a climate modeling study that explains high-latitude faunal migrations that occurred approximately 55 million years ago, and reef recovery following a mass extinction event.

Comprehensive care for high-risk infants saves money while improving health, UT Southwestern physicians report in JAMA
Providing high-risk infants with more comprehensive follow-up care not only results in substantially healthier babies, but also saves money, according to a study by a UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas physician in today's issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Sense of touch/nerve research
Sensory receptors in the skin transmit a wealth of information about our environment.

New method of delivering radiation to malignant tumors increases the cure potential, a UM medical center study shows
Doctors at the University of Maryland Medical Center are using a new method to treat cancerous tumors in various parts of the body with a higher dose of radiation, while sparing surrounding organs and tissue.

Radiation plus hormonal therapy more effective than radiation alone for certain prostate cancer patients
A combination of radiation and hormonal therapy is more effective than radiation alone for certain prostate cancer patients with more aggressive disease, a Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) study has found.

Poor oral health increases stroke risk, UB study finds
People with severe gum disease are at twice the risk of suffering a stroke than those with good oral health, University at Buffalo researchers have shown in the first national, population-based cohort study of periodontal disease and cerebrovascular disease.

New ergonomic keyboard relieves wrist pain
Peter McAlindon has taken the stress out of using computer keyboards.

Myth challenged: uninsured adults not receiving needed care
National surveys reflect a growing perception that the United States' uninsured can obtain proper health care through various

Sex-based differences emerging in pain, addiction, and STDs
Gender plays a major role in treatments for pain, addiction, and sexually transmitted diseases, according to recent research.

Research suggests possible marker, preventive treatment for preeclampsia
New research findings suggest a possible marker - and preventive treatment - for preeclampsia, the second leading cause of pre-term birth in the United States.

Think before you press the "Delete" key
If you thought you'd safely buried that rude description of your boss in an e-mail by pressing

Black and white patients fare equally well following post-lumpectomy radiotherapy, despite initial differences
Despite significant differences in the severity of their diseases upon diagnosis, black and white women with breast cancer who are treated with lumpectomy followed by radiation therapy are equally likely to survive disease-free for at least five years and to achieve local control of their disease.

Sick athletes passed virus to opponents, N.C. medical detective work revealed
As expected, Florida State University beat Duke University in football on Sept.

She could be teaching the next Tiger Woods about golf - and physics too
Mississippi physics professor Sandra Harpole runs a summer program for 6th-8th graders called

More protests against abortion pill
After a ten-year fight, the anti-abortion pill is now legal in the US.

New quantum dots pave way for atom-sized transistors
Engineers at the University of Rochester have created uniform silicon quantum dots -- molecule-sized crystals of silicon that could someday offer computer manufacturers an economically viable way to slip beneath an impending limit to computer power.

New report challenges assumptions about what the Internet means to the public
Americans use the Internet extensively without sacrificing their personal and social lives, although users and non-users alike have strong concerns about privacy.

Newspapers, not TV, move the educated to civic action
You are what you read. Daily newspapers, not television news, motivate highly educated people into civic participation, creating a civic-participation gap between people with high and low education levels, according to researchers at Cornell University and Ohio State University.

Archaeologists look for WWII wrecks off Normandy coast
Fifty-six years after the Normandy invasion, Project Neptune 2K is attempting to find out what happened to soldiers lost in sunken landing gear and tanks by surveying and identifying the underwater wreckage lying off the coast of the Utah and Omaha beaches, where the Americans went ashore.

New optical switch removes barrier to light-speed communication
A device that has the potential to remove a major bottleneck between optical networks has been built by researchers from the University of Rochester.

Spray-on plasters
A new spray-on gel which acts like an internal wound dressing inside the body has been developed by an American company.
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