Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 30, 2000
Aslera™ improves bone mineral density in lupus patients
Aslera™ (GL701 or prasterone) improves bone mineral density (BMD) and prevents BMD loss in female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) treated with prednisone, according a Phase III placebo-controlled, double- blind multicenter study.

Fish oil and vitamin E reduce levels of pro-inflammatory proteins in rheumatoid arthritis, UB study shows
A study by University at Buffalo researchers has shown that fish oil and vitamin E are promising potential therapies for those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.

Cheesecloth-like device bends light with little loss: May improve lasers, optical communications, photonic computers
A tiny bar that in appearance resembles cheesecloth has bent infrared beams with very little loss of light in laboratory experiments at Sandia National Laboratories.

The horrible impact of war on health
War rivals infectious disease as a global cause of morbidity and mortality, not only during active fighting, but also as a consequence of the destruction of infrastructures and the environment, the displacement of populations and the ongoing presence of radioactivity, weapons and toxins.

Tracking a microscopic "rocket" by its tail
Using a laser device that allows them to view microscopic movement, biomedical engineering researchers at The Johns Hopkins University have produced startling new findings about how deadly bacteria spread infection between neighboring cells.

After 5,000 year voyage, world's oldest built boats deliver
A fleet of the oldest built wooden boats in the world, located in the desert of Abydos, Egypt are painstakingly being excavated by archeologists.

High success rates for variety of heroin addiction treatment medications
A new study has shown that levomethadyl acetate (LAAM), buprenorphine, and high doses of methadone were much more effective in treating heroin addiction than low-dose methadone maintenance.

Low frequency EMF damages mice ovarian follicles
Italian scientists have discovered that mice ovarian follicles fail to develop properly in many cases if they are exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields.

Black men more likely to suffer some osteoarthritis, differences in women weight-related, research shows
Older black men in the United States are about 33 percent more likely than white men here to suffer hip osteoarthritis, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows.

NSF-funded scientists to examine environment at the molecular level
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $19 million over five years to scientists seeking to distinguish, at the molecular level, between natural and human-caused environmental processes.

GL701 (prasterone) significantly reduces lupus flares
The incidence of debilitating flares or exacerbations that systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) patients experience, some resulting in hospitalization, significantly declined with the use of GL701, according to a Phase III placebo-controlled, double-blind multicenter study conducted.

Five Rutgers professors named fellows of national science association
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, announces that five faculty are name AAAS Fellows.

National drug abuse treatment clinical trials network expands
The National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network launched a year ago by the National Institute on Drug Abuse with grants to six research facilities has been expanded to include an additional five regional centers and a total of almost 70 community based treatment programs.

UMR research could pave way for discovery of life on Mars
Follow up, 250-million-year-old microbe finding: In the wake of last month's announcement that scientists have found what they believe to be a living microbe that pre-dates Tyrannosaurus rex, Dr.

Irradiation, refrigeration can add to beneficial effects of wine grapes
Low-level irradiation and refrigeration of grapes before they are made into wine can magnify the healthful effects of drinking red wine, making a good source of antioxidants two or three times more potent.

Aslera™ improves lupus disease activity and symptoms
Aslera™, an investigational drug, significantly improves disease activity and symptoms of patients with the chronic autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus), according to a Phase III placebo-controlled, double- blind multicenter study.

Injured children have higher survival rates at pediatric trauma centers than at adult trauma centers
Injured children who receive care at trauma centers certified to treat children have better survival rates than children treated at adult trauma centers, according to a recent Pennsylvania study.

Consider typhoid vaccination for short-term travel
Vaccination for typhoid fever should be considered for even short-term visits to high-risk areas, Dr.

Common kidney disease has a genetic basis
HHMI researchers have discovered that one of the most common kidney diseases has a genetic basis and they have located the gene that causes the disease.

USGS director applauds FY 2001 appropriations
USGS Director Chip Groat is pleased to announce that the FY 2001 appropriation provides a significant increase for the USGS that will enable the agency to expand and modernize its earthquake monitoring network in urban areas across the country; enhance its capability to monitor the quality of ground-water systems; expand its network of real-time stream gages; and add an additional high-risk Alaskan volcano to its hazards monitoring network.

Refugee health compromised by stress
The stress of adjusting to a foreign country plays an under- recognized role in the health complaints of refugees, according to the results of a study of refugees in the Netherlands.

Mammography programs show benefit
In this issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal, Dr.

Transplanted human stem cells develop into broad range of tissues, persist over a year in research at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Adult human mesenchymal stem cells taken from bone marrow have been induced to develop into a wide range of normal tissues when transplanted into fetal sheep.

Compounds also present in alcoholic beverages may explain chocolate cravings
A Spanish researcher has a new clue to what motivates

NSF supports American Indian tribal college projects to improve math & science instruction
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 13 new awards totaling some $13 million to improve science, mathematics and technology education in K-12 schools on tribal reservations in Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming and Washington.

Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide brings home national Diamond Serif Award
The Women's and Children's Hospital in Adelaide, South Australia has won the coveted Diamond Serif Award of The Australian Institute of Professional Communicators for its inaugural Young Investigator Award 2000 held in April.
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