Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 31, 2000
Dutch men and women exposed to famine in utero have poor lipid profiles
Adult men and women who were exposed to famine in utero during the earliest stages of gestation exhibit an abnormal lipid profile, according to research published in this month's American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Moderate vitamin E supplementation may lower diabetics' cardiovascular risk
Diabetics have a 3- to 4- fold risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is their leading cause of death.

Destroying coral reefs
There is no longer any doubt that global warming is destroying coral reefs.

Northeastern University studies show that group exercise can reduce depression in overweight women
Group exercise can reduce depression in overweight women, although it had no effect on actual weight loss in the short term, according to Lorna Hayward, assistant professor at Northeastern University in Boston.

New imaging research suggests that screening for early brain changes may predict schizophrenia
A new brain imaging study from the Institute of Psychiatry shows substantial brain changes in schizophrenia are present at the earliest stages of the illness, implying that these changes precede the appearance of psychotic symptoms.

Moderate alcohol consumption increases bone mineral density in elderly women
In a study of 489 post-menopausal women, moderate drinkers had significantly higher bone mineral density (BMD) than their nondrinking counterparts, according to research by Rapuri et al. published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.The women had 16% greater BMD in the spine, 12% greater total body BMD, and 14% greater forearm BMD than did nondrinking women.

Double headed hydra
In the November issue of Genes & Development, Jan Lohmann and Thomas Bosch use grafting experiments to show that a secondary head can be induced by the novel peptide, HEADY.

AFAR launches new aging research website Infoaging.org, new Yankelovich poll supports need for aging information
AFAR Launches New Aging Research website promoting aging research news and information.

Risk of 700-800 deaths in US airport runway collisions over next 2 decades, warn experts
Runway collisions at towered American airports could kill 700-800 people and injure 200 more over the next two decades, according to a paper being presented at a convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

DIRECTing the fight against blindness
The launch of a landmark trial defining a new approach to the treatment of diabetic retinopathy DIabetic REtinopathy Candesartan Trial (DIRECT) programme, takes place today.

Ecology of Infectious Diseases grants jointly announced by National Institutes of Health and National Science Foundation
Initial awards have been announced to fund 12 research projects under the new Ecology of Infectious Diseases initiative.

Drop in homicide reflects fewer guns in hands of youth, says expert
The marked drop in homicide rates in Texas and across the country is tied dramatically to fewer guns in the hands of young people, according to a paper being presented at a convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®) in San Antonio's Henry B.

Common house sparrows potential reservoir for West Nile virus
Common house sparrows may be an important reservoir host for West Nile virus, Dr.

UNC-CH School of Social Work receives grant to prevent violence
Is it possible to prevent youth violence before it starts?

Alive! scientists to discuss discovery of 250-million-year-old bacteria
Scientists Russell Vreeland and William Rosenzweig of West Chester University in Pennsylvania and Tim Lowenstein of the State University of New York at Binghamton will speak at the National Science Foundation (NSF) November 8 on the oldest known living organism ever found on earth.

Searching for the secrets of drug-free transplants
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute are studying a group of transplant patients who are completely off immunosuppressive drugs to see if clues can yield simple laboratory tests predictive of transplant tolerance, the most elusive goal in the field of transplantation.

Interactive game could reduce heart attack deaths by teaching rapid response to symptoms
An experimental interactive game could save lives by teaching potential heart attack victims to react swiftly at the first sign of a heart attack, according to a paper being presented at a convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

Life in Europa's icy crust
The cracks in Europa's icy crust would provide an ideal home for life, says a researcher from the University of Arizona.

Metabolic downregulation doesn't explain dieters' weight regain
The theory that adaptive changes in the resting metabolic rate (RMR) of weight-reduced persons predispose them to regain weight is challenged by new evidence published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

UCSF-Harvard team publishes major HIV therapy study over objections of sponsor; compound shows no effect on slowing disease progression
University of California, San Francisco and Harvard School of Public Health researchers are reporting the largest randomized trial among HIV-1 infected persons conducted during the 1990s.

Worldwide transfer of microorganism facilitated by ballast water
Researchers are reporting in today's issue (November 2, 2000) of the British journal, Nature, that ballast water discharges by the world's ocean-going ships

A genetic basis for attachment disorganization in infants
About 15% of one-year-old infants in non-clinical low-risk and up to 80% in high-risk (e.g. maltreated) populations show extensive disorganized attachment behavior in moderately stressful situations.

Disabled left behind by economic expansion
While most Americans enjoyed extraordinary economic well- being in the past decade, the nearly 10 percent of the working-age population who have disabilities suffered an unprecedented decline in employment during this time, researchers at Cornell University and the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco report.

Yo-yo dieters show lower levels of "good" cholesterol, could pose heart disease risk, say researchers from national W.I.S.E . study
Women who repeatedly gain and lose weight have significantly lower levels of

Innermost secrets of the atom
After a 40-year search, physicists in Tennessee have finally caught a glimpse of two protons leaving the nucleus stuck together as a pair.

University of California, San Francisco responds to inaccurate claims by company
The University of California, San Francisco and UCSF AIDS researcher James O.

Growing number of financial ties between academic researchers and private industry shows need for strict disclosure and management
While private industry involvement in academic research continues to grow rapidly, universities struggle to prevent potential conflicts of interest without clear guidelines for defining or managing financial conflicts, according to a new study by a University of California, San Francisco researcher.
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