Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 06, 2000
New grid portal to improve US researchers' access to advanced computing resources
Computational scientists will soon have a powerful new tool for using resources on the national

Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing/NOLF Award honors nursing specialty organizations
The Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing, in collaboration with the Nursing Organization Liaison Forum (NOLF) of the American Nurses Association announced the 2000 Hartford/NOLF Award recipients.

Community prevention trial reduces risky drinking, alcohol-related crashes and trauma
A study reported in the November 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association shows that communities that undertake comprehensive prevention strategies can effectively reduce alcohol-related traffic crashes and injuries from crashes and assaults.

Estrogen a possible factor in obesity - for both sexes, researchers say
Estrogen - even in men - may weigh in as a component in the regulation of obesity, along with other well-known risk factors such as food indulgence and lack of exercise, according to researchers at two universities.

Simulated operator
ONR-supported researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a computer model that mimics the cognitive ability of humans to perform multiple tasks simultaneously.

Claims-based measurement shows many Medicare patients do not receive necessary care
A measurement system using information from inpatient and outpatient claims of Medicare beneficiaries detects substantial underuse of necessary care, which is likely to result in negative outcomes for many elderly patients, according to an article in the November 8 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Smoking may increase risk of some anxiety disorders for teens and young adults
Teenagers who smoke at least one pack of cigarettes a day are at greater risk of developing agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and panic disorder in young adulthood, according to an article in the November 8 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Women most in need of cancer screening hesistant to get it
Women who might benefit most from breast and cervical cancer screening are the most hesitant to receive it, and the barriers that hold them back are often based on misinformation, suggest the results of a study.

'Six degrees' method samples hidden populations
Exploiting the

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tip Sheet, November 7, 2000
1) Program Successfully Controls Anticoagulant Therapy In Elderly Patients;
2) Study Proposes Immediate Treatment for Mild Hepatitis C;
3) CAPTURE, SHOCK: Clinical Trial Names and the

Everything old is new again
CPU Technology, a Navy Dual Use contractor, is the Navy winner of the DoD Dual Use S&T Achievement Award for a system-on-a-chip (SOC) technology that will modernize obsolete computers on Navy ships and aircraft while preserving existing software.

Community prevention programs effective in reducing high-risk drinking and alcohol-related injuries
A coordinated, comprehensive, community-based intervention can reduce high-risk alcohol consumption and alcohol-related injuries from motor vehicle crashes and assaults, according to an article in the November 8 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Report on dietary supplements containing ephedra makes urgent call for research to develop dose guidelines, safety warnings
A study undertaken for the FDA to assess the safety of popular dietary supplements containing ephedra concludes that these products can pose severe health risks and even kill some people, prompting an urgent need to pinpoint those at greatest risk and establish safe daily doses for the supplements.

Violence is a learned behavior, say researchers at Wake Forest University
The strong association between exposure to violence and the use of violence by young adolescents illustrates that violence is a learned behavior, according to a new study, published by researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and included in the November issue of the Journal of Pediatrics.

Feds give $16 million to UNC-CH scientists studying waste site problems
As part of the nation's Superfund research and clean-up efforts, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency, has awarded $16 million to scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Scripps scientist awarded packard fellowship to study climate change
Geochemist Jeffrey Severinghaus of Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, has been selected a 2000 Packard Fellow for investigations to understand the stability of past and future climates.
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