Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 04, 2000
Math & science improvements still needed in middle school, repeat study shows
Results of the recent Third International Mathematics and Science Study Repeat (TIMSS-R), announced today by the Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), confirms previous evidence that the U.S. needs to strengthen efforts in math and science education in middle school, say officials of the National Science Foundation (NSF), which cofunded the study.

Wood dust, talc, estrogens, and nickel alloys among substances being reviewed for inclusion in Report on Carcinogens
Wood dust produced in furniture and cabinet manufacture, common talc, spectrum ultraviolet light, as well as UVA, UVB, UVC and the flavoring agent methyleugenol, metallic nickel and nickel alloys, trichloroethylene, and two pharmaceutical agents to be reviewed for listing in the next federal Report on Carcinogens.

Millennium's LDP(PS)-341 inhibits growth and induces death of cancer cells, appears to overcome chemotherapy resistance
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq:MLNM) today announced the presentation of preclinical and clinical study results demonstrating that an investigational proteasome inhibitor, LDP-341(formerly PS-341), the first in a new class of anti-cancer agents, is active against multiple myeloma.

Clinical trial results on the use of Celgene's THALOMID® (Thalidomide) in treating both early stage and refractory multiple myeloma presented
Researchers from the Arkansas Cancer Research Center, Mayo Clinic, and M.D.

Researchers discover new mechanism of drug that alters genetic makeup of viruses
Researchers at Penn State have discovered a new mechanism for an existing antiviral drug that could permit the design and production of a new class of antiviral agents to treat the family of RNA viruses that includes poliovirus and hepatitis C.

USGS issues alert for deadly disease in birds
A deadly bird disease, avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM), is affecting mallard ducks and coots on Woodlake in North Carolina; coots on Lake Juliette in central Georgia; and coots, bald eagles and -- for the first time -- a Canada goose on Strom Thurmond Lake on the border of South Carolina and Georgia.

Young healthy smokers take significantly more days off work than non-smokers
Young healthy people who smoke are likely to take more time off work than their non-smoking colleagues, finds research in Tobacco Control.

Researchers find a genetic cause of type 1 diabetes and autoimmunity
Investigators at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a novel gene that causes an inherited form of type 1, or insulin-dependent, diabetes and autoimmunity.

Modelling the short term consequences of smoking cessation in England
The UK government may be taking the soft option on cutting smoking rates, suggests a study in Tobacco Control.

Standard feature of Web browser design leaves opening for privacy attacks
Princeton computer scientists have discovered a trait of Web browser design that allows Web sites to cull private information about the recent browsing histories of visitors.

Final results of the two Zevalin pivotal trials in radioimmunotherapy for B cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma announced by IDEC Pharmaceuticals
Zevalin, under now FDA review, is a monoclonal antibody attached to yttrium-90, which treats non-Hodgkins lymphomas by targeting radiation to tumors.

'Stomach pacemaker' in use at Temple
Doctors at Temple University Hospital are using an implantable

JAMA study shows aging 'baby boomers' to cause treatment demand pinch in critical care units
In the first study of its kind to include aging

'Translocation' surgery yields unprecedented results
An operation developed at Johns Hopkins to halt blinding retinal damage from age-related macular degeneration (AMD) improved vision in nearly half of the first 100 patients treated, according to a recent report in the American Journal of Ophthalmology.

Researchers reveal insidious role of a 'serpin' in Alzheimer's Disease
Researchers led by investigators at the Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease and the University of California, San Francisco have discovered that the protein alpha1- antichymotrypsin can double the accumulation of Alzheimer's disease-associated amyloid plaque in the brains of mice, suggesting a possible new target for therapy in humans.

IMiDsTM activity against multiple myeloma cells presented at the american society of hematology meeting
San Francisco, CA (December 5, 2000) - Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ: CELG) - Researchers from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School presented data results at the 42nd annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology on laboratory studies evaluating the activity of Celgene's IMiDs on multiple myeloma cells.

Radioactive compound used to see childhood cancer may help kill it too
A radioactive compound used for decades to find certain types of cancer is now showing surprising promise in helping to kill those tumors too, new results show.

Common hearing test for newborns may be wrong up to a third of the time
A common test for screening newborns' hearing may give false positives in up to a third of cases, causing new parents needless worry and costing more in the long run.

Bunk beds risky for children
Children under the age of 6 are at significantly increased risk of injuring themselves falling out of bed.

New research shows back belts don't help, editorial: 'focus on psychosocial factors'
A common sight at stores where employees lift boxes and appliances are

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, December 5, 2000
1).Procedure Effective in Treating Heart Rhythm Problem; 2)Alternative Cancer Therapy Apparently Caused Death of One Patient; 3)Protein Erythropoietin Reduces Need for Transfusion After Hip Surgery

Breast-cancer risk related to insulin-resistance indicators, elevated levels of sex hormones, UB study shows
University at Buffalo researchers have confirmed a significant link between breast-cancer risk and physical characteristics of insulin resistance and higher-than-normal male and female sex hormones in a woman's bloodstream.

Stress levels can affect success of pneumonia vaccinations
A new study is showing that even after six months, pneumonia vaccinations may be weakened by a person's stress levels.

Game of life allows all mating strategies
Biologists at Cornell University and University of California at Santa Cruz say highly competitive mating strategies follow rules of the
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