Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 10, 2000
MRI-guided catheter ablation
Biomedical engineers at Johns Hopkins University have extended magnetic resonance imaging into cardiac surgery for the first time with a new procedure to help prevent rapid and irregular heart rates.

Mouse allergy contributes to inner-city asthma crisis
Parents who see mice scurrying across their floor should be worried about more than just an impending scream from their children.

New N.C. ferry-linked water monitoring begins generating useful data for analysis
For the first time, marine scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University have begun monitoring surface water quality in the Neuse River with the help of the Neuse River ferry and its N.C.

Newer drugs more helpful in first-time schizophrenia than older medications, study shows
People diagnosed with first-episode schizophrenia may fare much better when treated with newer anti-psychotic drugs than with traditional medications that were first introduced over forty years ago.

VA trial to weigh aspirin against other anti-clotting drugs in heart disease patients
A large international trial begun recently by researchers at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center that will match two old drugs, aspirin and warfarin, against each other and against the newer drug clopidogrel to see which one prevents more heart attacks, strokes, and deaths in patients with chronic heart failure.

Scientists discover new stage in malarial infection
Researchers have identified a previously unknown step that enables the malaria parasite to spread in the bloodstream.

Many nursing home residents are malnourished and dehydrated, according to UCSF researcher Kayser-Jones
Jeanie Kayser-Jones, UCSF professor of physiological nursing and medical anthropology and director of the newly established UCSF Center for Gerontological Nursing Excellence is internationally known for her research in the care of older Americans in nursing homes.

More nurses need better training to care for older Americans, according to director of new UCSF center
Although there has been an enormous increase in the number of Americans 65 and older in the past century (from 3.1 million in 1900 to over 34 million in 2000), many nurses have little or no education or training in gerontological nursing or chronic disease management.

Ecologist wins international award
Dr. Justin Congdon, a senior research ecologist with the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, has been awarded the 2000 Longevity Prize by the Fondation IPSEN, a French organization that supports work in the field of longevity.

Race is predictor of corporate promotions, O.R. study suggests
A survey of black and white managers in a Fortune 500 financial service firm indicates that black managers report a slower rate of promotion and less psychosocial support than white managers, according to a study published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

The art and science of predicting volcanic eruptions
Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes are two of the most destructive forces on Earth.

National registry established for two muscular dystrophy types
People with myotonic dystrophy and facioscapulohumeral dystrophy and their families will benefit from a new national research registry established by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Scientists, archaeologists and historians will unravel the mystery of Egypt's sunken cities
The recent discovery of two long-lost cities off the coast of Egypt has been hailed as one of the most exciting finds in the history of marine archaeology.

Texas A&M scientists study how atomic nuclei liquefy and vaporize by using the detector NIMROD At the Texas A&M cyclotron accelerator
Watching ice melt and water vaporize by increasing the temperature would not surprise anybody.

Doctoral student develops cement that cures below freezing
Purdue doctoral student Charles J. Korhonen has led a team developing a new type of cement that cures in below-freezing temperatures, an innovation with implications for the construction industry, which spends hundreds of millions of dollars annually to heat construction sites.

Can a vitamin a day help keep heart disease away?
People at risk for heart disease shouldn't wait for the results of big clinical trials before having their homocysteine levels tested and making sure they get the recommended daily level of homocysteine-lowering folic acid and vitamin B12, a new cost-benefit study concludes.

Gene believed linked to serious kidney disease
Defects in the thin, hair-like projections lining the ducts and tubules of the kidneys, and known as primary celia, may be responsible for a kidney disease affecting one in 10,000 children.

UCLA and NASA take major step in rehabilitation of some spinal cord injuries
UCLA and NASA scientists are creating a robot-like device that could help rehabilitate thousands with spinal cord injuries.

Students using NASA and NSF data make stellar discovery; win science team competition
Three high school students, using data from NASA's Chandra X- ray Observatory and the National Science Foundation's Very Large Array (VLA), today won first place in the Siemens- Westinghouse Science and Technology Competition in Washington, DC.

Huge new hydrothermal vent system found on seafloor
A new hydrothermal vent field, which scientists have dubbed is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to