Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 17, 2000
In an animal study, Mayo clinic researchers identify ways to delay and increase survival from Lou Gehrig's disease
In a study conducted using animal mice models, Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered that a modified antioxidant enzyme significantly delayed the onset and increased the survival of mice affected with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease).

Self-help programs help smokeless tobacco users quit
Few resources exist to help smokeless tobacco users quit, but low-cost self-help approaches may work to fill this gap, according to a new study.

Australian chemists present new research findings at Pacifichem 2000
New findings on topics including the degradation of rubber products, pesticides in wine and antibiotics from unusual sources will be presented by Australian chemists in Honolulu at the 2000 International Chemical Congress of Pacifichem Basin Societies.

Noni plant may yield new drugs to fight tuberculosis
Known to herbalists for its healing powers, the native Hawaiian noni plant has been found to kill the bacterium that causes tuberculosis.

NASA space technology shines light on healing
Doctors at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee have discovered the healing power of light with the help of technology developed for NASA's Space Shuttle.

Avocados contain potent liver protectants
Researchers in Japan have discovered that avocados contain potent chemicals that may reduce liver damage.

Scientists say volcanoes bigger threat than asteroids
While a giant asteroid may have wiped out the dinosaurs, modern Earth is at much greater risk from a threat closer to home, said volcanologists this weekend at the annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco.

Psychology research offers 20 strategies for staying upbeat, coping with stress during holidays, everyday life
A Washington University in St. Louis professor of psychology offers 20 strategies for coping with holiday stress and says, according to his research, it's fairly easy to chase negative emotions with the strategies.

Young users of smokeless tobacco lack awareness of its dangers
Smokeless tobacco users have less awareness of the dangers of their habit than non-users, according to a survey of West Virginia public school students.

One answer for cleaner air, water: better agricultural practices
etter management of U. S. agricultural lands could help reclaim 100 to 300 million tons of carbon that escapes into the atmosphere each year.

Changes in Australian ecosystems tied to arrival of exotic animals
A study of old and new emu eggshells collected from central Australia indicates a dramatic loss of grasslands beginning roughly 300 years ago was due to the arrival of Europeans and the introduction of exotic grazing animals, according to a new University of Colorado study.

Texas A&M to unveil new mobile radar system to track tornadoes, measure hurricane winds
How fast is a hurricane blowing when it makes landfall?

AAAS joins Healthy People 2010 effort; NIH funds new library initiative
The U.S. National Institutes of Health has granted the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) up to $1.34 million to conduct the Healthy People 2010 Library Initiative.

Engineers find new ways to protect against hurricane damage
According to a recent engineering study, the

Early smoking may predict stronger nicotine dependence among members of certain ethnic groups
A large study of U.S. Air Force trainees suggests that starting to smoke at an early age may pave the way for heavier smoking in adulthood, as well as other unhealthy behaviors -- at least among European-Americans and Hispanics.

Mars' patchwork magnetic fields act as umbrella array to protect planet's atmosphere
Many experts think Mars' atmosphere was for the most part swept away by the solar wind after the planet lost its protective magnetic field 4 billion years ago.

Long distance medical tracking of Mt. Everest climbers could be used by doctors in monitoring patients
Medical tracking use to monitor vital signs of climbers on Mt.

Researchers identify promising target to slow Alzheimer's
Researchers believe that a chemical called methionine plays a key role in Alzheimer's disease and could explain how vitamin E slows the progress of the disease.

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation awards $15.1 million to treat African sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded $15.11 million to an international consortium of researchers, led by a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientist, to develop new drugs to fight African sleeping sickness and leishmaniasis -- two diseases that are killing and infecting millions of people in developing nations.

New satellite-generated rain maps provide improved look at tropical rainfall
First-of-a-kind rain maps from NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission may provide clues to developing El Niños and La Niñas and a better understanding of how latent heat from tropical rains influences weather around the world.

Texas A&M researchers designing customized cyber-atlas for southern ocean
Imagine having your own personal atlas, with just the maps you're interested in, maps you can change any time you want to look at the world from a different perspective.
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