Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 21, 2000
$3.13 million for Structural Genomics Research awarded to Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, University at Buffalo
The Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute and the University at Buffalo have received grants totaling $3.13 million to develop new, high-speed methods to determine the molecular structure of proteins, which is essential for designing new drugs to treat, prevent and cure disease.

Polyphenolic compound found in chocolate may protect against coronary disease
Polyphenolic compounds are widely distributed in fruits and vegetables and protect against coronary heart disease.

The hardest working elves in cyberspace
Software agents talk to each other to guide, schedule, keep track of and even make excuses for human researchers in experiment in computer-assisted living.

Locus on chromosome 10 linked to Alzheimer's
Mayo Clinic researchers moved closer to finding a new gene likely to play a significant role in development of late- onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD).

With help from the Office of Naval Research, a right whale pied "Piper" shows the way to recovery for this highly endangered species
Thanks to new technology sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, for the first time ever, a female Northern Right Whale has been tracked every step of her journey between northern feeding grounds off New Brunswick, Canada, and southern breeding grounds off the Georgia and Florida coasts.

Novartis receives FDA approval for Starlix, a new treatment for type 2 diabetes
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation today received marketing approval from the FDA for Starlix® (nateglinide) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

New Mayo Clinic study questions benefit of smoking reduction
-- Heavy cigarette smokers who cut back their smoking -- rather than quit -- might not see any health benefits, according to a Mayo Clinic study published in the December 15 issue of Nicotine and Tobacco Research.

Boys may be more sensitive than girls
From the beginning of life, males are more vulnerable than females, and our social and cultural attitudes about the resilience of boys amplifies this inborn disadvantage.

Nakamura wins 2000 Honda prize, including 10 million yen (approximately $93,000), for contribution to eco-technology
Shuji Nakamura, materials professor at the University of California at Santa Barbara, has been awarded the 2000 Honda Prize.

High animal protein intake may increase risk of bone loss and fractures in elderly women, UCSF study finds
Elderly women who get a much higher intake of their dietary protein from animal products rather than vegetables have an increased risk of bone loss and hip fracture, a University of California, San Francisco study has found, suggesting women may be able to improve bone health by eating more vegetables.

Eavesdroppers beware: single photon emission prepares way for quantum cryptography
UC Santa Barbara researchers have built a device from which the emission of a single photon can be repeatedly detected.

Science exclusive: President Clinton on science's growing impact
United States President Bill Clinton liberated his self- described

Constipation is not the scourge we think it is
Western civilisation has been misled about the dangers of constipation, says medical historian James Whorton from the University of Washington.

New UCLA study suggests that avoiding high-fat foods may help protect bones from osteoporosis
UCLA researchers have learned that unhealthy eating and high cholesterol may contribute to osteoporosis.

Two major U.S. dietary patterns result in different obesity and cardiovascular risk factors
In a group of male health professionals, Fung et al.

Science's Top 10: genome sequencing named top scientific advance of 2000
The editors at the international journal, Science, have compiled their list of the Top 10 scientific developments for the year 2000, placing genome sequencing first on the list.

Study suggests GI physical fitness less than it can be
The U.S. military is not as physically fit as might be expected, suggest results of a survey of more than 8,500 members of the Marine Corps, Army, Navy and Air Force.

Important sporting events can trigger heart attacks in men
Men are more likely to suffer a heart attack or stroke on the day of important sporting events, probably because of increased stress, claim researchers from The Netherlands in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ.

Do animals bite more during a full moon?
The power of the moon is often used to explain a wide range of events - from human insanity to traffic accidents - but do animals feel more inclined to bite humans during the full moon than at other times?

The spirits of Christmases past have a strong influence on our health today
Using maps of poverty, made over 100 years ago, researchers in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ, show that there has been little change in the distribution of poverty in inner London between the 19th and 20th centuries.
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