Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 18, 2001
High impact physical activity may reduce risk of hip fracture
Men and women who regularly participate in high impact physical activity may be at a lower risk of hip fracture than those who participate in moderate or low impact activities, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Genomics research promises to make hogs less piggy
Purdue University researchers believe that by locating the genes for aggressive behavior in hogs, they can make the boss hog into a more sensitive soul, and less ... well, piggy.

Saving Florida's gentle giants
Funded by the Office of Naval Research, a system of acoustic sensors that was originally developed by ONR for underwater mine detection was fitted onto the gates and locks at Port Canaveral.

Higher ocean temperatures linked to cooling in Midwest
While Earth as a whole has warmed during the last half- century, much of the continental United States has grown slightly colder.

TCDD-dioxin-is listed as 'known human carcinogen' in Federal Government's Ninth Report on Carcinogens
TCDD or Dioxin has been added to the list of substances known to be a human carcinogen in the Ninth Report on Carcinogens.

Hessian fly genomics research will benefit wheat farmers, others
The Hessian fly, the world's No. 1 pest of wheat, has a curious genetic link to its favorite meal.

Venom from Chilean tarantula may prevent potentially deadly arrythmias, UB research shows
A specific protein isolated from the venom of a Chilean tarantula by University at Buffalo biophysicists shows promise as the basis for new drugs for preventing atrial fibrillation, the chaotic beating of the heart that is a major cause of death following a heart attack.

Fruit extract is effective treatment for premenstrual syndrome
Dry extract of the agnus castus fruit is an effective treatment of premenstrual syndrome, and should be considered a therapeutic option, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

UCSF AIDS expert warns threshold for HIV vaccine set too high
The current objective of most HIV vaccines, the absence of any infection of a human by the AIDS virus, is at the present time not possible according to a pioneer HIV/AIDS researcher at the University of California, San Francisco.

Novel protein is both ion channel and enzyme
HHMI researchers have discovered a new protein component of cell-signaling pathways that does double duty -- acting as both an ion channel that controls calcium entry into cells and as an enzyme that activates itself and perhaps other proteins.

FDA fish warning unwarranted
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently issued a warning to pregnant women and women of child bearing age about consuming fish that may contain high levels of mercury.

Wearable translators
A mobile, lightweight device that is no bigger than a fanny pack, is now being funded by the Office of Naval Research.

USGS develops faster method for estimating streamflows
Estimating streamflows in areas where there are no gages once took days but now only takes minutes, thanks to scientists at the U.S.

Is complementary therapy the medicine of the new millennium?
To coincide with a conference in London next week, organised jointly by the UK's Royal College of Physicians and the US's National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, several articles in this week's BMJ discuss how complementary and alternative therapies can be integrated into conventional patient care.

Personality trait may influence immune system response
Individuals may vary in how well they can protect themselves from illness, depending on personality traits as well as on physiological differences, suggest the results of a preliminary study.

Spectracode breaks black plastics recycling barrier
Purdue Research Park instrument maker SpectraCode Inc. has developed a new, cost-effective method to analyze black plastics for recycling purposes.
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