Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 07, 2001
Research network brings wireless Internet to Native American reservations
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) are using the latest solar-powered wireless technology to help a pair of Native American tribes bridge the digital divide.

'Power Loss' addresses deregulation of the power industry
In the late 1990s, the formerly staid and monopolistic electric utility industry entered an era of freewheeling competition and deregulation, allowing American consumers to buy electricity from any company offering it.

Oozing magma of ocean floor tells about mantle below
An article in Nature this week reports new information about the movement of the upper mantle immediately underneath the Earth's crust.

Top-rated research can improve the design and delivery of training
To be competitive in today's economy, corporations spend billions of dollars each year to train their employees.

Health websites can be unhealthy
From the Surgeon General:

'Molecular rulers' make nano-scale gaps
Scientists at Penn State have developed a precise method for making nano-sized metal wires spaced very close to each other.

Pauling Centenary to recognize scientist, humanitarian
Oregon State University will observe the Linus Pauling Centenary, the 100th anniversary of the birth of the two-time Nobel Prize winner, with a year of activities that celebrate the life and accomplishments of this renowned scientist and humanitarian.

Even organizations can be ergonomically designed
Ergonomists have found that they can do an outstanding job of ergonomically designing a system's components, modules, and subsystems but fail to reach relevant systems effectiveness goals because of inattention to the macro-ergonomic design of the overall work system.

More help for infertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome
There may be new hope for women who are infertile due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Leading NIH-funded medical schools agree on guidelines that would strenghten conflict of interest policies
Agreeing that the protection of research subjects is paramount, the leaders of eight of the nation's top-10 NIH- funded medical schools and another six nationally prominent leaders in academic medicine have drafted a set of guidelines that would clarify, strengthen, and add structure to most research institutions' policies for dealing with financial conflicts of interest that can arise from collaborations between faculty and industry.

UF study shows all-time high number of shark attacks last year
The number of shark attacks in the world hit an all-time high in 2000, led by an upswing of incidents in the United States and Florida, a new University of Florida study shows.

Cognitive decline after bypass surgery predicts five-year cognitive deterioration
While coronary artery bypass graft surgery has saved the lives of millions of Americans since its inception decades ago, physicians have long noticed a nagging problem -- many patients, while restored to good health, have noticed declines in their cognitive abilities.

Parasite's sperm-encryption keeps species apart
Scientists have found the most convincing evidence yet that a parasite can contribute to splitting a species in two, thanks to a phenomenon where a wasp's damaged sperm can be

LSU physicists make major discovery, published in 'Nature'
An article written by two LSU researchers about their breakthrough discovery in physics was published in the Jan.

Free sessions open to the public at 2001 AAAS Meeting
The general public is invited to attend a number of evening events of the 2001 Annual Meeting and Scientific Innovation Exhibition of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

New study reveals a major cause of global warming - ordinary soot
In their frantic search for a solution to the global warming crisis, climatologists and policy makers have managed to overlook one of the leading causes of rising world temperatures - soot, the familiar black residue that coats fireplaces and darkens truck exhaust.

Burning coal may become cheaper and more environmentally friendly
Virginia Tech's dewatering technology allows coal companies to recover coal from waste products.

New procedure makes kidney transplant an option for thousands on waiting list
A team of Mayo Clinic kidney transplant specialists has developed a new kidney transplant procedure that could make transplants possible for thousands of people who previously were unlikely to have a successful transplant.

Clinical study shows VirtualPhenotypeâ„¢ is superior to genotyping
Results presented today at the 8th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections demonstrate, for the first time, the superiority of the VirtualPhenotypeâ„¢ over conventional genotyping tests.

Scientists create 'molecular rulers' enabling precise construction of nanoscale structures
Scientists have discovered an effective and precise way to make ultraminiature metal wires in very close proximity to each other.

400 never-before published findings to be presented at pharmacology conference
The nation's leading pharmacologists and researchers on the impact of drugs on the body will gather from March 6-10 at the annual meeting of the American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (ASCPT).

UNC-CH computer expert receives patent for device that summons emergency help
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill computer scientist Leandra Vicci's idea is to marry a global positioning system (GPS) receiver, which provides precise coordinates of its location, with a microprocessor and cell phone chips to make wireless connection with a geographic information system (GIS) server.

Fat cell defect may trigger insulin resistance in muscle and liver
Fat cells that can't take up blood sugar normally appear to trigger the same problem in muscle and a related problem in liver.

Scripps researcher receives coastal engineering award
Richard Seymour honored for 'significant contributions' to coastal research. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) has awarded Richard Seymour, a research engineer at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, the 2000 John G.

Physicists announce possible violation of standard model of particle physics
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, in collaboration with researchers from 11 other institutions, today announced an experimental result that directly confronts the so-called Standard Model of particle physics.
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