Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 11, 2001
AAAS's project 2061 to host scientists, educators, and publishers
Project 2061 will host a landmark conference bringing together scientists, teachers, researchers, curriculum developers, and textbook authors, editors and publishers.

NEAR Shoemaker makes historic touchdown on asteroid Eros
After a 5-year, 2-billion-mile journey -- the last year spent in a close-orbit study of asteroid 433 Eros -- the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft has touched down the surface of the asteroid, the first time such a feat has ever been tried or accomplished.

Microbial activity key component of global environmental change
Managing microbial activity can play a significant role in slowing adverse effects of greenhouse gases and other global environmental changes, according to a new report from the American Society for Microbiology (ASM).

Rosetta may hold key to predicting protein folding
A computational method developed by HHMI investigators predicts the three-dimensional structure of proteins with surprising accuracy.

Comparing genomes will illuminate gene function
The surprising similarities and startling differences between the genomes of humans, fruitflies, worms, plants and yeast constitute a scientific treasure trove that may lead to unprecedented insight into how genes function, according to HHMI's Gerald M.

Mayo Clinic discovers cause of a frequently fatal myasthenic syndrome affecting children
A Mayo Clinic study published in today's edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has identified a gene mutation in children who suffer from congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) associated with episodic respiratory distress and apnea.

Genome project opens the book on human evolution
University of Chicago scientists have confirmed and expanded our view of one of the puzzles of human evolution -- so- called

UK researchers find critical link for estrogen's neuroprotective effects
University of Kentucky College of Medicine researchers have determined that one specific estrogen receptor, called ERa, is a critical link in mediating the protective effects of estradiol in brain injury.

UI researchers investigate the use of magnetic rods to treat prostate cancer
University of Iowa researchers are developing a new approach to treat prostate cancer.

The future belongs to proteomics
With the prodigious task of sequencing the human genome largely behind them, researchers now face the more daunting challenge of understanding the proteome -- all of the proteins expressed in a cell.

'Virtual walls' confine liquids in microfluidic devices
Fabricating pathways and manipulating fluid flow in microdevices just got a lot easier with the help of

Molecular analysis shows complexity behind cargo delivery system of mammalian cells
HHMI researchers compared the human genome to the genomes of other organisms, revealing that the cellular system for transporting proteins is much more complex in humans.

Human genome analysis hints at new proteins involved in gene expression
An early search of the draft human genome sequence has revealed promising evidence that the completed genome will yield new proteins involved in gene expression.

Unique Duke study to probe how genetics and environment influence responses to stress
Being the main caregiver for a spouse suffering from Alzheimer's disease can be a physically and emotionally draining experience -- the slow, unrelenting progression of the disease and its certain outcome put caregivers under constant pressure that can impact all aspects of their lives.

Pioneer in role and uses of SNPs in pharmaceutical development to present at the IBC pharmacogenomics, SNPs & genetics patenting conference
Orchid BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: ORCH) will present its leading single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis technology, SNP-IT ™, at the IBC Pharmacogenomics, SNPs & Genetic Patenting Conference in San Diego on February 13, 2001.

Florida study: Women can play major role in how men view fatherhood
Women can play a major role in how men view their role in making babies and the responsibilities that come with it, a new University of Florida study shows.

UW physicists find that extra dimensions must be smaller than 0.2 millimeter
University of Washington scientists using gravity measurements to hunt for evidence of dimensions in addition to those already known have found that those dimensions would have to occupy a space smaller than 0.2 millimeter.

Scientists comment on drafts of human genome, explain applications
In a special issue of Nature, dated February 15, 2001, but published online Monday, February 12, Harvard Medical School researchers and other scientists around the world explain the latest findings, challenges, and applications of the Human Genome Project.

Baylor sequencing scientists help usher in new era of medicine
The Human Genome Sequencing Center at Baylor College of Medicine joins other members of the international sequencing consortium in announcing the publication of a draft sequence and initial analysis of the human genome in the journal Nature.

Genetic map of all plants, animals is goal of genomics
A new field of biology promises to bring great and fast strides into the understanding of living organisms.

Mysterious ways of the heart
New research seems to show that variety may not only add vitality to a budding romance, but the heart as well.

TIP/University of Wisconsin-Madison genomics experts
The University of Wisconsin-Madison has an accomplished group of scientists working in the genomics field, who are available to comment on today's (Feb.

Scientists identify a cause of fainting syndrome that affects young women
People who complain of repeated dizzy spells, elevated heartbeat, or fainting after standing up from a lying position will now have their concerns better addressed by doctors.

Some dental questions are up to you and your dental professional
Daily brushing and flossing using the proper technique is fundamental to good oral health.

New AstraZeneca awards program recognizes, supports future leaders in neurology and psychiatry
AstraZeneca PLC has created the AstraZeneca Young Minds in CNS Awards Program to recognize and promote promising work from young clinicians and researchers working in the central nervous system therapeutic area.

UT Southwestern psychiatry researcher says genome map adds valuable information to mystery of drug addiction
Knowledge gained from the human genome-mapping project already is leading to a better understanding of how drugs and alcohol act on the molecular and cellular mechanisms and brain pathways to cause addiction, a UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researcher and his colleague say.

Dr. Thomas Starzl receiving prestigious King Faisal International prize this week in Saudi Arabia
Transplant pioneer Thomas E. Starzl, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Pittsburgh, will accept one of the most prestigious awards, the King Faisal International Prize for Medicine, at a ceremony to be held Feb.

Human disease gene survey yields underlying principles
By compiling and categorizing 923 genes that malfunction in inherited diseases, HHMI researchers have discerned patterns that indicate that this approach might be a powerful new tool for understanding genetic contributions to human diseases.

Risk of rare stroke highest in women with lowest saturated fat intake, study finds
A diet low in saturated fat was associated with an increased risk for a type of hemorrhage-induced stroke in women with high blood pressure, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

O.R. marketing study cautions companies against racing competitors to market
Should you rush to market with a new product - or let your competitors take the risk and benefit from their mistakes?

Free radicals mediate arsenic's harmful effects
Arsenic, a cancer-causing metal that poisons millions of people worldwide, exerts its harmful effects by boosting the body's production of damaging chemicals called free radicals, Columbia researchers report.

Florida researchers make gains toward practical semiconductor switch
A device taking shape in a University of Florida laboratory could lead to more reliable electricity, shoring up the nation's aging power grid at a time when deregulation and the other forces behind California's blackouts are steadily creeping into other states.
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